Sevenoaks shown within Kent
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Sevenoaks District Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Michael Fallon
|• Total||142.99 sq mi (370.34 km2)|
|Area rank||112th (of 326)|
|Population (mid-2014 est.)|
|• Rank||188th (of 326)|
|• Density||820/sq mi (320/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||95.2% White
1.2% Mixed Race
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||29UK (ONS)
|OS grid reference||TQ525555|
The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the Sevenoaks Urban District, Sevenoaks Rural District and part of Dartford Rural District and is one of thirteen districts in Kent, one of which has unitary authority status, Medway, which means it does not obtain services or projects from Kent County Council. The latter is responsible for highways, public paths, fire and rescue, certain aspects of health and social care and education/libraries. The rest of local government is mostly at district level although the area has civil parish councils also.
The area is approximately evenly divided between buildings and infrastructure on the one hand and woodland or agricultural fields on the other. It contains the upper valley of the River Darenth and some headwaters of the River Eden.
In terms of districts, it borders Dartford to the north, Gravesham to the northeast, Tonbridge and Malling to the east, briefly Tunbridge Wells to the southeast. It also borders two which, equal to it, do not have borough status, the Wealden district of East Sussex to the south and the Tandridge district of Surrey to the southwest. It borders the London Boroughs of Bromley and Bexley to the northwest.
The council consists of 54 elected councillors, representing fewer wards in the district.
Town and parish councils
The third tier of government within the district consists of the following town and parish councils:
- Dunton Green
- Horton Kirby and South Darenth
- Sevenoaks (Town)
- Sevenoaks Weald
- Sundridge with Ide Hill
- Swanley (Town)
- West Kingsdown
Housing and architecture
The layout of the district is dual-centred:
- A well-buffered suburban town itself, which spreads into suburban villages (St Johns, Riverhead, Dunton Green, Sevenoaks Weald).
- Swanley and smaller, equally buffered Hextable and Crockenhill within the M25 motorway.
In all areas low-rise dominates: the incidence of flats exceeding two storeys is rare.
The number of listed buildings in the district exceeds 150. This includes 16 churches listed in the highest grading in the national listing system (Grade I). Castles and English country houses of the wealthiest in society from the 16th to 18th centuries form part of this district.
Examples at Grade I include Knole House, Chartwell, Penshurst Place and Chevening House, most of which have their own produce-selling farms. Older with original stone walls are Hever Castle with its 16 acres (6.5 ha)-wooded island in a listed parkland. A folly exists at Lullingstone Castle which is a reconstruction of its gatehouse and separate modern house.
- District Council website
- "2011 Census profile: Age and gender profile (unrounded)" (PDF). Kent County Council. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- List of Council members
- Sevenoaks District Council : 9 December 2009 : Sevenoaks Tops National Performance League Table Retrieved 22 August 2010
- Hever CastleHistoric England. "Details from listed building database (1273465)". National Heritage List for England.