Seventh Regiment Armory
Seventh Regiment Armory
|Location||643 Park Avenue|
New York City
|Architect||Charles W. Clinton|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|NRHP reference No.||75001208|
|Added to NRHP||April 14, 1975|
|Designated NHL||February 24, 1986|
|Designated NYCL||June 9, 1967|
The Seventh Regiment Armory, also known as Park Avenue Armory, is a historic National Guard armory building located at 643 Park Avenue in the Upper East Side neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. The building is a brick and stone structure built in 1880 and designed in the Gothic Revival style by Charles Clinton.
The building was designed by architect Charles Clinton in the Gothic Revival style and dedicated in 1880. The builder was R. L. Darragh and bricklayers were Van Dolson & Arnott. It is one of the two remaining armories in the United States to be built and furnished with private funds. It originally served as the headquarters and administrative building for the 7th New York Militia Regiment, known as the Silk Stocking Regiment due to the disproportionate number of its members who were part of the city's social elite. The building is known for detailed interior rooms that are furnished with ornamental woodwork, marble and stained glass.
The main facade of the administration building faces Park Avenue between 66th & 67th Streets, with the large vaulted space for the drill hall in the center of the block. The administration building has provisions for a reception room, a library, veterans room and staff offices for ten regimental companies. Architects and interior designers of the American Aesthetic Movement were commissioned to furnish the rooms and company quarters. The library is known as the Silver Room or "Trophy Room" and was designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany who worked with architect Stanford White as a consultant on the project. The masterpiece of the armory building is the Veterans Room, also known as the Tiffany Room, with hand carved wood panelling and coffered ceiling in the Viking Revival style. Other significant craftsmen with work in the building include Kimbel and Cabus, Alexander Roux, Francis Davis Millet, and the Herter Brothers.
From 1900 until 1963 the venue hosted the U.S. National Indoor Tennis Championships.
The Armory is currently leased by and home to Park Avenue Armory, a nonprofit arts organization whose mission is to revitalize the landmark as an alternative arts space.
Other organizations using the space include:
- The 53rd Digital Liaison Detachment of the New York Army National Guard, a unit carrying on the heritage of the 7th Regiment.
- The Veterans of the 7th Regiment
- The Knickerbocker Greys, an afterschool program which has been at the Armory since 1902.
- The Veteran Corps of Artillery (VCA), a ceremonial unit which was organized on November 25, 1790 (Evacuation Day) by American Revolutionary War Veterans.
- The Lenox Hill Neighborhood House Women's Mental Health Shelter
Park Avenue Armory has a partnership with Williamsburg High School for Architecture and Design, a 9-12 college preparatory school in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. The oldest after school program in the country, the Knickerbocker Greys also have their Clubhouse in the Armory.
- Champagne Unit
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City
- List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 59th to 110th Streets
- List of armories and arsenals in New York City and surrounding counties
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan above 59th to 110th Streets
- Squadron A Armory
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "Seventh Regiment Armory". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 14, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- Seventh Regiment Armory (214 KB) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination, undated, by Carolyn Pitts
- Seventh Regiment Armory--Accompanying 4 photo, exterior and interior, from 1975–1983. (1.29 MB) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination
- Isometrical Diagrams of a Few Molded and Ornamental Bricks. Trade Catalogue Collection, The Athenaeum of Philadelphia: Peerless Brick Company. 1888.
- Stoffer, Jeff (May 2007). "Fortress Under Fire". The American Legion Magazine: 14–21. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Knickerbocker Greys History[permanent dead link]
- "Women's Mental Health Shelter". Lenox Hill Neighborhood House. Archived from the original on April 20, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Seventh Regiment Armory.|
- MuseumPlanet Armory narrated slide tour
- Park Avenue Armory Park Avenue Armory Website
- Tourist Profile cityguide.aol.com
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NY-6295, "Seventh Regiment Armory, 643 Park Avenue, New York, New York County, NY", 102 photos, 12 color transparencies, 3 data pages, 8 photo caption pages
- Photos & Short History
- Knickerbocker Greys
- VCA website