Seventh of Adar

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The Seventh of Adar, also known as Zayin Adar (Hebrew: ז׳ אַדָּר),[1] is the anniversary of the birth and death of Moses in Jewish tradition.[2] It is observed as a fast day in some Jewish communities.[3]


The Biblical sources suggesting these dates are as follows: Joshua crossed the River Jordan on the 10th of Nisan.[4] Earlier, God had commanded Joshua to perform the crossing "in three days' time,"[5] thus this command was given on 7 Nisan. The command is specified as coming "after the death of Moses."[6]. Moses had been mourned for 30 days after his death.[7] Assuming that the Divine command immediately followed the end of the mourning period, Moses must have died 30 days before 7 Nisan, i.e. 7 Adar.


Garden of the Missing in Action on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.

The Seventh of Adar is a fast day in some Jewish communities.[3] A special tikkun is added prior to services. Jewish burial societies also often meet on the Seventh of Adar.[2]

In Israel, the Seventh of Adar is designated as a day in remembrance of those soldiers who have fallen in war, but whose bodies have not been found or identified, in reference to the Biblical verse noting that no one knows the exact burial place of Moses "even to this day".[8] On Mount Herzl, there is a wall with the names of 588 fallen soldiers who died in Israel with unknown grave sites.


  1. ^ Markovitz, Pearl. "Zayin Adar: Paying Tribute to Chevra Kadisha". Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b "The Seventh of Adar". Jewish Holidays. Orthodox Union. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred, eds. (2007). "Adar, the Seventh of". Encyclopaedia Judaica (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4.
  4. ^ Joshua 4:19
  5. ^ Joshua 1:1–1:12
  6. ^ Joshua 1:1
  7. ^ Deuteronomy 34:6
  8. ^ Deuteronomy 34:6

Further reading[edit]