Severn Beach

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Severn Beach
Severn Beach foreshore.jpg
Severn Beach foreshore and
Second Severn Crossing
Severn Beach is located in Gloucestershire
Severn Beach
Severn Beach
Location within Gloucestershire
OS grid referenceST542848
Civil parish
  • Pilning and Severn Beach [1]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBristol
Postcode districtBS35
Dialling code01454
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°33′30″N 2°39′30″W / 51.5583°N 2.6583°W / 51.5583; -2.6583Coordinates: 51°33′30″N 2°39′30″W / 51.5583°N 2.6583°W / 51.5583; -2.6583

Severn Beach is a village on the Severn Estuary in South Gloucestershire, England. The eastern portal of the Severn Tunnel is on the outskirts of the village. The Severn footpath – on the sea wall – is part of the Severn Way that leads from Gloucester, Slimbridge and the Second Severn Crossing. Extensive sea defences have been constructed in recent years and this provides a popular walkway along its length. Originally, the Severn Way finished at Severn Beach, but it has recently been extended to Bristol.[2][3]

The village is part of the Filton and Bradley Stoke Parliamentary constituency and is represented by the Conservative MP, Jack Lopresti.

History[edit]

Before the Great Western Railway arrived in 1900, the area was farmland. In 1922, the village became a seaside resort with a swimming pool called the "Blue Lagoon", a boating lake, dozens of fun-fair stalls, donkey rides (on grass) and the Beach Comber Strip Club, mostly by local entrepreneur Robert Stride. Many people came from nearby Bristol because Severn Beach had less strict licensing laws.

With its era as a holiday and pleasure resort ending in the 1970's, many of the shops have also closed however the convenience store and bakery still trade. Severn Beach did have a dedicated Post Office at 103 Beach Road but has also closed and the PO is now housed a few doors away at the McColl's convenience store. A new Tea Cottage opened in 2018 on the site of the old Burger Bar. The village pub (Severn Salmon, formerly Severn Beach Hotel) was demolished to make way for housing. The Blue Lagoon swimming pool was demolished in the 1980's in favour of creating more open space and some housing plus part purchased by Northavon District Council to act as a sea defence when over-topping occurs from the River Severn. It was during this time that the train station was demolished to make way for new housing leaving just the platform. The boating lake has been filled in and landscaped and now also forms part of the sea defence and is now known as Sea Wall Gardens. The Severn Bridges Visitor Centre was opened in 1998 following the completion of the Second Severn Crossing at the end of Shaft Road, off Green Lane. Run by the Severn Bridges Trust and housing an exhibition showing the history of the river crossings using interactive displays, video films, pictures, models and descriptions, it closed in 2008.

Ecology[edit]

Dunlin, one of the many waders that winter on the Severn Estuary

The coastline at Severn Beach is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and has a diverse range of wildlife, varying from seals to peregrine falcons. There have been more than 251 species of bird recorded in the Severn Beach area and it is of international importance for migrating and wintering birds. As of 1990, 28 species of seabird had been recorded in the Severn Beach/New Passage area, including sooty and Balearic shearwaters, all four Northern Hemisphere skuas, seven species of tern and four species of alcid. Severn Beach offers excellent conger fishing from the shore in the winter.[4][5][6]

Transport[edit]

The village is at the terminus of the Severn Beach Line railway, with a small unstaffed station. The line used to loop northwards to join the main Cardiff to Bristol line at Pilning railway station in the direction of Bristol, but this section was closed in 1964 and the trackbed has been built over.

Train services are operated by Great Western Railway; 11 trains per weekday with an average journey time between Severn Beach and Bristol Temple Meads railway station of 41 minutes. The fastest journey time is 36 minutes.

The village is close to the A403 road that runs from junction 1 of the M48 motorway at Aust to the docks at Avonmouth.

Severn Beach with substantial development at Western Approach and new energy recovery centres on the main Severn Road (A403), is now a very busy area with heavy traffic which will be somewhat relieved of congestion when the new M49 junction at Farm Lane (located to the south of the Western Approach Distribution Park and west of the village of Easter Compton) is opened in late 2019/early 2020. The village is currently once again served by buses by 'Stagecoach West' going via Pilning, Easter Compton, Cribbs Causeway, Little Stoke, Bristol Parkway to the University of the West of England Campus.

Education[edit]

Primary education is provided by Severn Beach Primary School at Ableton Lane, Severn Beach. There are no senior schools in Severn Beach.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://psbpc.co.uk/
  2. ^ Tim. "The banks of the Severn estuary near... (C) Tim :: Geograph Britain and Ireland". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  3. ^ David Gruar. "Reedbeds by the Severn estuary (C) David Gruar :: Geograph Britain and Ireland". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ Severnside Birds, The birds of the Severn Beach area website
  5. ^ Lancastle, Brian (1990) Seabirds in the upper Severn Estuary Avon Bird Report 1989
  6. ^ Severn Beach General History Archived 2006-12-05 at the Wayback Machine