Severn Street Synagogue

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The Severn Street Synagogue, founded in 1809 and opened in 1813 as a synagogue in Birmingham, England, is now the Athol Masonic Hall.[1]

History[edit]

Severn Street was newly carved out of the former Gooch Estate when the synagogue was built in 1809.[1]

The synagogue was badly damaged in a riot directed at non-Anglicans in 1813 that also severely damaged the Methodist Church in Belmont Row, Quaker Meetinghouse near Lady Well, and the Baptist Chapel in Bond Street.[2]

The synagogue was sold to the Freemasons in 1856[3] after the construction of the Singers Hill Synagogue.

Architecture[edit]

The synagogue was rebuilt by architect Richard Tutin (1796–1832) in Greek Revival style 1825–1827. The Torah Ark was retained by the Freemasons with only slight modifications. Its handsome, fluted Doric columns and classical entablature remain.[1] The Master's Chair is placed in the former Torah Ark niche.[4]

The adjacent banqueting hall, decorated with Stars of David, was added for the Freemasons by architect Henry Naden in 1871-2.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Foster, Andy (2005). Birmingham. (Pevsner Architectural Guides). Yale University Press. p. 208. ISBN 0300107315.
  2. ^ Old and new Birmingham: a history of the town and its people, Robert Kirkup Dent, Houghton and Hammond, 1880p. 364
  3. ^ "Birmingham's First Jewish Congregations (to 1856)". JCR-UK. 1 August 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b Sharman Kadish, Jewish Heritage in England: An Architectural Guide, English Heritage, 2006, pp. 121–2

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°28′34″N 1°54′12″W / 52.4762°N 1.9034°W / 52.4762; -1.9034