Severn Tunnel Junction railway station

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Severn Tunnel Junction National Rail
Welsh: Cyffordd Twnnel Hafren
Severn Tunnel Junction
Severn Tunnel Junction station before the restoration of a fourth line and platform in January 2010
Location
Place Rogiet
Local authority Monmouthshire
Coordinates 51°35′03″N 2°46′38″W / 51.5842°N 2.7771°W / 51.5842; -2.7771Coordinates: 51°35′03″N 2°46′38″W / 51.5842°N 2.7771°W / 51.5842; -2.7771
Grid reference ST462875
Operations
Station code STJ
Managed by Arriva Trains Wales
Number of platforms 4
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  0.118 million
2005/06 Increase 0.120 million
2006/07 Increase 0.135 million
2007/08 Increase 0.140 million
2008/09 Increase 0.149 million
2009/10 Increase 0.170 million
2010/11 Increase 0.177 million
2011/12 Increase 0.189 million
2012/13 Increase 0.206 million
History
Original company Great Western Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
1 December 1886 Station opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Severn Tunnel Junction from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Severn Tunnel Junction railway station (Welsh: Cyffordd Twnnel Hafren) is a minor railway station on the western side of the Severn Tunnel serving the area of Rogiet, Monmouthshire, Wales. It lies at the junction of the South Wales Main Line from London and the Gloucester to Newport Line.

The next station to the west is Newport. The next stations to the east are at Pilning in South Gloucestershire (through the tunnel) and nearby Caldicot (on the Gloucester line).

History[edit]

Severn Tunnel Junction Up (Eastbound) main line in 1961
Severn Tunnel Junction Locomotive Depot in 1951

The South Wales Main Line was opened through the village of Rogiet in 1850. At this time Rogiet was little more than a church and a farm, and the expansion of the village did not begin until after the opening of the station in 1886.

During construction of the Severn Tunnel, several maps were printed that labelled the new junction as Rogiet Station,[1][2][3] although the station was always named Severn Tunnel Junction from the time that it opened to the public on 1 December 1886.[4][5][1]

The junction system consisted of a five-platform station (four through, and an up facing bay), a railway depot, and a major goods yard. The purpose of the yard was to sort coal coming from the South Wales Coalfield to the London and the Midlands; while in reverse, it sorted goods from the rest of the UK to South Wales.

The goods yard was bombed during World War II, due to the large goods yard facility.[6] From 1924 to 1966 Severn Tunnel Junction was the terminus of a car transport service through the tunnel to Pilning. The service was made redundant by the opening of the Severn Bridge in 1966.[7]

As a result of reduced coal and industrial production from the mid-1980s from South Wales, and increases in fixed goods formations, Severn Tunnel Junction goods yard and locomotive depot were closed from 12 October 1987 with residual marshalling moving to Newport railway station.[8] After the tracks were lifted in the early 1990s, part of the site of the former goods yard was used for the toll booths for the Second Severn Crossing.[citation needed]

Current developments[edit]

Network Rail is currently remodelling the track layout at Severn Tunnel Junction in conjunction with resignalling work, due to be completed by 2014.[9] This will provide improved operational flexibility, reduce maintenance costs and re-instate a fourth through platform. SEWTA intends use the opportunity to improve passenger facilities at the station.

Since 4 January 2010 the new track configuration is in use. The South Wales Main Line now uses platforms 3 and 4 and Gloucester to Newport Line platforms 1 and 2. There are no rail connections between the platforms east of the station as high-speed (70 mph) crossovers have been provided to the west.

Services[edit]

Severn Tunnel Junction
South Wales Main Line to Newport
Severn Tunnel Junction
Caldicot
South Wales Main Line to Bristol (in tunnel)
freight line to Caerwent Training Area
Gloucester to Newport Line
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Maesteg / Cardiff Central - Cheltenham Spa
  Caldicot
Newport   CrossCountry
Cardiff Central - Birmingham New Street / Nottingham
(Mondays to Saturdays only, limited service)
  Caldicot
CrossCountry
Cardiff Central - Manchester Piccadilly via Bristol Temple Meads
(Mondays to Saturdays only, limited service)
Patchway
Newport   First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Taunton
(Mondays to Saturdays only)
  Patchway
or
Pilning
First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Portsmouth Harbour / Brighton
(Mondays to Saturdays, morning and evening peak only and Sundays)
Filton Abbey Wood

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Walker, Thomas A. (2004) [1888]. The Severn Tunnel. Stroud: Nonsuch Publishing. pp. 16–17 (railway map). ISBN 1-84588-000-5. 
  2. ^ The Severn Tunnel
  3. ^ The Severn Tunnel
  4. ^ Walker 1888, p. 155
  5. ^ Hodge, John (2002). The South Wales Main Line. Part Two: Severn Tunnel to Newport. Wild Swan Publications. p. 35. ISBN 1-874103-76-3. "With the opening of the [South Wales] line in June 1850, intermediate stations to the west of Portskewett [as far as the Usk at Newport] were initially provided at Magor and Llanwern." 
  6. ^ BBC - WW2 People's War - Dennis Harper's Story
  7. ^ Nock, O.S. (1967) History of the Great Western Railway Volume III p.42
  8. ^ Railways in Gloucester and Churchdown - after 1845
  9. ^ Network Rail - Wales Route Utilisation Strategy Draft for Consultation

External links[edit]