Severnaya Verf

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Severnaya Verf
Shipyard
Industry Shipbuilding
Predecessors Putilov Shipyard; Shipyard No. 190 (in the name of Zhdanov)
Founded 1890; 127 years ago (1890) in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Number of employees
4,500 (1917)
Parent United Shipbuilding Corporation
Website http://www.ru.nordsy.spb.ru/
The busy Saint Petersburg docks at dawn

Severnaya Verf (Northern Shipyard) is a major shipyard on Gutuevsky Island in Saint Petersburg, Russia, producing naval and civilian ships. It was founded as a branch of the Putilov Plant in the late 1800s. Under the Soviets, the shipyard was generally known as Shipyard No. 190 (in the name of Zhdanov) and reverted to its former name in 1989.

The priority market for Severnaya Verf is military export to Asian countries as India, China and Vietnam.

History[edit]

The shipyard was established by 1890 with the name of Putilov Shipyard (Russian: Putilovskaya Verf). It was situated near the main Putilov factory, and began building small warships, up to destroyers in size, in addition to non-military ships for the government like dredgers, tugboats, etc.[1] Under Bolshevik control it was known as the Severnaya Verf and was then renamed Severnaya sudostroitel'naya verf in the early Twenties. It was given the honorific "in the name of Zhdanov" in 1935 and was renamed as Shipyard No. 190 (in the name of Zhdanov) when the Soviets numbered most of their industrial facilities on 30 December 1936. During this time, the yard built its only submarines; notably several Shchuka and M-class boats as well as components for S-class submarines that were assembled in Vladivostok in the Far East. Badly damaged during World War II by the Germans, the shipyard was rebuilt and enlarged after the war, partially by using plundered equipment and machines from Germany, and specialized in larger surface warships up to cruiser size. As of 1983 about one-third of its output was commercial ships. The shipyard reverted to its earlier name of Severnaya Verf on 2 August 1989.[2][3][4] It is now part of the Severnaya Verf Production Association.[5]

Facilities and services[edit]

The stamp issued to commemorate the centenary of Severnaya Verf. Russian Post, 2012

As of 1998, the shipyard included:[5]

  • four slips in covered-in-births with the capacity to construct vessels with a maximum length of 170 meters (560 ft) and width of up to 20.5 meters (67 ft). Slipways are equipped with cranes with a lifting capacity of 50 tons;
  • four open-air slipways with the capacity to construct vessels with a maximum length of 170 meters (560 ft) and width of 24 meters (79 ft), and are equipped with cranes with a lifting capacity from 30 to 100 tons;
  • launch-hoisting facilities with floating dock that has a lifting capacity of 10,000 tons and a transborder, which is able to launch and hoist vessels from and to any slipway.

Notable classes and vessels[edit]

Name Built Quantity Type
Skoryy class 1949–1953 16 Destroyer
Kotlin class 1955–1958 12 Destroyer
Kanin class 1958–1961 4 Destroyer
Kynda class 1959–1965 4 Cruiser
Kashin class 1963–1966 5 Destroyer
Kresta I class 1964–1969 4 Cruiser
Kresta II class 1966–1978 10 Cruiser
Krivak class 1969–1990 6 Frigate
Sovremenny class 1976–2006 21 Destroyer
Udaloy class 1977–1999 4 Destroyer
Steregushchy class 2001–present 5 (completed) (5 more under construction) Corvette
Admiral Gorshkov class 2006–present 1 (completed), (3 under construction), 20 (planned) Frigate
Gremyashchy class 2012–present 2 (under construction) Corvette

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ de Saint Hubert & Drashpil, p. 353
  2. ^ Harrison, et al.
  3. ^ Polmar & Noot, p. 332
  4. ^ Polmar, p. 405
  5. ^ a b "Severnaya Verf". Federation of American Scientists. 1998. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Breyer, Siegfried (1992). Soviet Warship Development: Volume 1: 1917–1937. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-604-3. 
  • de Saint Hubert, Christian & Drashpil, Boris V. (1985). "Main Shipyards, Enginebuilders and Manufacturers of Guns and Armour Plate in the Saint Petersburg Area Up to 1917". Warship International. Toledo, Ohio: International Naval Research Organization. XXII (4): 333–60. ISSN 0043-0374. 
  • Harrison, Mark; Cooper, Julian; Dexter, Keith & Rodionov, Ivan (2003?). The Numbered Factories and Other Establishments of the Soviet Defence Industry Complex, 1927 to 1968, Part I, Factories & Shipyards. (Version 8 ed.). Warwick, UK: University of Warwick, Department of Economics.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Polmar, Norman (1983). Guide to the Soviet Navy (3rd ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-239-7. 
  • Polmar, Norman & Noot, Jurrien (1991). Submarines of the Russian and Soviet Navies, 1718–1990. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-570-1. 

External links[edit]