Severny Island

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Native name: о́стров Се́верный
Severny Island is located in Russia
Severny Island
Severny Island (Russia)
Location Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia
Coordinates 75°30′N 60°00′E / 75.500°N 60.000°E / 75.500; 60.000Coordinates: 75°30′N 60°00′E / 75.500°N 60.000°E / 75.500; 60.000
Archipelago Novaya Zemlya
Area 48,904 km2 (18,882 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Oblast Arkhangelsk Oblast

Severny Island (Russian: о́стров Се́верный, Northern Island) is the northern island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, lying approx 400 km north of the Russian mainland. It has an area of 48,904 square kilometres (18,882 sq mi), making it the 30th largest island in the world. It is separated from Yuzhny Island (Southern) by the narrow Matochkin Strait. 40% of the island is covered by the Severny Island ice cap which is the largest glacier by area and by volume in Europe (if counted as part of it).[citation needed] Severny Island is known for its numerous glaciers.

Cape Flissingsky is the easternmost point of Severny Island.

Sukhoy Nos cape, located at the southern end of the island, was used for nuclear weapons testing between 1958 and 1961. Severny is now the site of a Russian Army base and has a harbor.

There is a Meteorological Station at Cape Zhelaniya, Severny's northernmost cape.

The island appears under the feminine version of its name, "Severnaya," in the James Bond film GoldenEye and the 1997 video game based on it.

See also[edit]