Sievierodonetsk

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Severodonetsk
Сєвєродонецьк (in Ukrainian)
Северодонецк (in Russian)
SivHram.JPG
Flag of Severodonetsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Severodonetsk
Coat of arms
Severodonetsk is located in Lugansk Oblast
Severodonetsk
Severodonetsk
Severodonetsk is located in Ukraine
Severodonetsk
Severodonetsk
Location of Severodonetsk
Coordinates: 48°56′0″N 38°30′0″E / 48.93333°N 38.50000°E / 48.93333; 38.50000Coordinates: 48°56′0″N 38°30′0″E / 48.93333°N 38.50000°E / 48.93333; 38.50000
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
 Luhansk Oblast
Severodonetsk City Municipality
Founded 1934
City status 1958
Area
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 109,466
Area code(s) +380 6452(645)
Climate Dfb
Website www.sed-rada.gov.ua

Sievierodonetsk (Ukrainian: Сє́вєродоне́цьк; Russian: Северодонецк, Severodonetsk) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine. Sievierodonetsk has the status of a city of oblast significance, It is located nearby the Seversky Donets River, approximately 110 km (68 mi) to the north north west from the Oblast capital, Luhansk. Severodonetsk is the acting administrative centre of Luhansk Oblast due to Luhansk being temporarily controlled by self-proclaimed pro-Russian separatist organization, not under control of the Ukrainian authorities, similarly to Mariupol acting as the administrative center of Donetsk Oblast during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present).[1][2] Population: 109,466 (2013 est.)[3].

Sievierodonetsk has several factories and a significant chemical production centre "Azot" (English translation: Nitrogen). There is a domestic airport in a nearby city.[citation needed]

History[edit]

During the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine the town was captured late May 2014[4] by pro-Russian militants.[5] No Ukrainian presidential election in 2014 was held in the city as the militants did not allow the voting places to open and much of the Election commission property was either stolen or destroyed. On 22 July 2014, Ukrainian forces regained control of the city.[6][7] Heavy fighting continued around the city for a number of days; on 23 July 2014 the National Guard of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Army released a statement that said they were "continuing the cleansing of Sieverodonetsk".[8][9]

A bridge across Siverskyi Donets river was severely damaged during the war in 2014; it was re-opened in December 2016. The European Union contributed 93.8% of the funding for the restoration.[10]

Demographics[edit]

  • 1939 – 5,000 inhabitants
  • 1959 – 33,200 inhabitants
  • 1970 – 90,000 inhabitants
  • 1975 – 107,000 inhabitants
  • 1991 – 131,000 inhabitants
  • 2009 – 121,000 inhabitants

Ethnicity of the city's residents as of the 2001 census:[11]

  • Ukrainians: 59%
  • Russians: 38.7%
  • Belarusians: 0.6%
  • Other: 1.7%

Economy[edit]

Chemicals[edit]

Sports[edit]

The first Ukrainian championship in bandy was held in the city 19/2-2012. Azot Severodonetsk became champions.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]