Severus II bar Masqeh
|Severus II bar Masqeh|
|Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East|
|Church||Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Successor||Athanasius II Baldoyo|
Severus studied at the Monastery of Ouspholis, near Resh Ayna, and was consecrated Patriarch of Antioch in 668. In 669, Severus consecrated Bar Easo as Maphrian of the East. During his tenure as patriarch, Severus pursued a policy of centralised authority within the church. Severus openly allied himself with Caliph Muawiyah I and utilised this alliance to forcibly impose his policies. This led to a dispute over the rights of archbishops, ecclesiastical jurisdiction, and ordination rights. Eventually a schism developed between the patriarch and a faction led by Sergius Zkhunoyo and Gabriel of Rish'ayno, with the support of the Monasteries of St. Matthew and of Qartmin, who disputed Severus' policies. This faction was largely dominated by monks, as opposed to laymen and clergymen.
The schism endured for the remainder of his tenure as patriarch, and, in 681, Severus authorised John, Archbishop of the Monastery of St. Matthew, and bishops Joseph and Sergius, to negotiate with the schismatics. He died later that year.
- Also spelt as bar Mashqa, bar Mashqe, or bar Mashqo
- Barsoum (2003), p. 109
- Barsoum (2003), p. 567
- Catholicate of the East. Malankara Syriac Christian Resources.
- Palmer (1990), p. 192
- Palmer (1990), p. 171
- Palmer (1990), p. 155
- Palmer (1990), p. 176
- Saint-Laurent et al. (2016)
- Barsoum, Ignatius Aphrem (2003). The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. Gorgias Press.
- Palmer, Andrew (1990). Monk and Mason on the Tigris Frontier: The Early History of Tur `Abdin. Cambridge University Press.
- Saint-Laurent, Jeanne-Nicole Mellon; Michelson, David A.; Gibson, Nathan P. (2016). "Severus bar Mashqo — ܣܘܝܪܐ ܕܬܪܝܢ". Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints.
| Syrian Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch
Athanasius II Baldoyo