Sevier County, Utah

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Sevier County, Utah
Sevier County Courthouse, Richfield, Utah..jpg
Sevier County Courthouse in Richfield
Map of Utah highlighting Sevier County
Location in the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location in the U.S.
Founded 1865
Named for The Sevier River
Seat Richfield
Largest city Richfield
Area
 • Total 1,918 sq mi (4,968 km2)
 • Land 1,911 sq mi (4,949 km2)
 • Water 7.8 sq mi (20 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 20,984
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.sevierutah.net

Coordinates: 38°45′N 111°48′W / 38.75°N 111.80°W / 38.75; -111.80

Sevier County /sɛˈvɪər/ is a county located in the central section of the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,802.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Richfield.[2] The county was formed on January 16, 1865, as a split off from Sanpete County to the north. It was named for the Sevier River, which winding path forms its western boundary.[3]

History[edit]

Indigenous peoples migrated into this area by 10,000 years ago, developing different cultures. The Fremont culture of Native Americans occupied the area that is now Sevier County from about 2000 to 700 years before the present.[4] The Clear Creek site contains numerous native petroglyphs from that period.

In Utah, the Numic- (or Shoshonean) speaking peoples of the Uto-Aztecan language family evolved into four distinct groups in the historic period: the Northern Shoshone, Goshute or Western Shoshone, Southern Paiute, and Ute peoples. The central and eastern sections of this territory were occupied primarily by various bands of the Ute.[5] Historic tribes occupied the territory of Utah at the time of the first European contact by Spanish missionaries, and later settlement by European Americans in the 19th century.

The first non-Native Americans to see the Sevier River were most likely Catholic fathers Silvestre Vélez de Escalante and Francisco Atanasio Domínguez, missionaries who passed through on their expedition to California in 1776. The Old Spanish Trail (trade route) was the route they mapped. Over the course of the next hundred years the trail was used by fur trappers, hunters, government officials, and many more. This carried many people through what was later organized as Sevier County.

Permanent European-American colonization of this area is considered to have begun with the founding of Richfield within the present-day county boundaries. The area was colonized by the Mormon settlers on 15 June 1864. Much of the area was populated by new immigrants who were Mormon converts from Scandinavian countries. Because of the growth in this small community, the people officially created Sevier County in early 1865.[6]

According to Benjamin Edelman in "Red Light States: Who Buys Online Adult Entertainment?," published in 2009 in the Journal of Economic Perspectives, Sevier County has the highest rate of online pornography usage in the United States.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,918 square miles (4,970 km2), of which 1,911 square miles (4,950 km2) is land and 7.8 square miles (20 km2) (0.4%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 19
1880 4,457 23,357.9%
1890 6,199 39.1%
1900 8,451 36.3%
1910 9,775 15.7%
1920 11,281 15.4%
1930 11,199 −0.7%
1940 12,112 8.2%
1950 12,072 −0.3%
1960 10,565 −12.5%
1970 10,103 −4.4%
1980 14,727 45.8%
1990 15,431 4.8%
2000 18,842 22.1%
2010 20,802 10.4%
Est. 2016 21,267 [9] 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 18,842 people, 6,081 households, and 4,907 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 7,016 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.61% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 2.00% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 2.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,081 households out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.10% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.30% were non-families. Of the 6,081 households in Sevier County, 155 are unmarried partner households: 137 heterosexual, 11 same-sex male, and 7 same-sex female. 17.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the county, the population was spread out with 34.50% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,822, and the median income for a family was $40,110. Males had a median income of $32,632 versus $19,228 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,180. About 8.30% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Features[edit]

Interstate 70 runs through the county. As Richfield is about halfway between the major cities of Los Angeles, California and Denver, Colorado, it has built a hospitality industry, with motels, restaurants, etc. serving travelers on their way through the area.

Fremont Indian State Park is found in the Clear Creek Canyon, adjacent to I-70. It is noted for its archaeological remains from the ancient Native American Fremont culture. It has a museum displaying artifacts found at the site.

Communities[edit]

Map of Sevier County communities

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.9% 6,740 8.0% 695 14.1% 1,219
2012 89.3% 7,207 9.2% 738 1.5% 124
2008 79.4% 6,394 16.9% 1,359 3.8% 305
2004 86.3% 6,597 12.0% 920 1.6% 124
2000 81.4% 5,763 14.8% 1,046 3.8% 268
1996 65.8% 4,031 21.7% 1,327 12.6% 769
1992 50.5% 3,160 16.6% 1,039 32.9% 2,059
1988 76.3% 4,747 22.6% 1,403 1.1% 71
1984 83.5% 5,736 15.6% 1,072 0.9% 62
1980 80.8% 5,614 16.0% 1,112 3.2% 223
1976 65.2% 3,686 27.7% 1,564 7.1% 400
1972 73.0% 3,700 16.2% 820 10.9% 551
1968 67.2% 3,190 24.6% 1,167 8.2% 387
1964 57.3% 2,617 42.7% 1,948
1960 65.2% 3,166 34.8% 1,690 0.0% 1
1956 74.7% 3,646 25.3% 1,232
1952 73.4% 3,996 26.6% 1,445
1948 58.8% 2,791 40.9% 1,943 0.3% 16
1944 52.8% 2,345 47.1% 2,095 0.1% 5
1940 51.7% 2,703 48.2% 2,521 0.1% 4
1936 39.8% 1,899 59.1% 2,816 1.1% 52
1932 48.4% 2,225 50.1% 2,303 1.4% 65
1928 63.1% 2,424 36.4% 1,399 0.4% 17
1924 56.4% 2,111 32.1% 1,201 11.4% 428
1920 62.8% 2,506 35.7% 1,425 1.4% 57
1916 44.8% 1,720 53.4% 2,052 1.8% 68
1912 41.9% 1,452 26.4% 915 31.7% 1,098
1908 54.9% 1,780 39.3% 1,272 5.8% 188
1904 59.1% 1,725 31.9% 930 9.0% 264
1900 54.8% 1,581 43.7% 1,261 1.5% 42
1896 21.1% 497 78.9% 1,858

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Van Cott, J. W., 1990, Utah Place Names, ISBN 0-87480-345-4
  4. ^ Snow, Dean R. (2009). Archaeology of Native North America. Prentice Hall ISBN 0-13-615686-X.
  5. ^ David Rich Lewis, "Native Americans in Utah", Utah History Encyclopedia; accessed 6 December 2016
  6. ^ Bishop, M. Guy. A History of Sevier County. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1997.
  7. ^ Benjamin Edelman, "Red Light States: Who Buys Online Adult Entertainment?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 23, Number 1— Winter 2009; accessed 6 December 2016
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (June 25, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]