Seville (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Seville
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Seville).png
Location of Seville within Spain
Province Seville
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 1,941,480 (2016)
Electorate 1,531,806 (2016)
Major settlements Seville, Dos Hermanas, Alcalá de Guadaíra, Utrera, Écija
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 12 (1977–1996)
13 (1996–2004)
12 (2004–)

Seville (Spanish: Sevilla) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects 12 deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Seville is currently set at 12. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Seville 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
2 5 5
1st 1979
2 2 4 4
2nd 1982
1 8 3
3rd 1986
1 8 3
4th 1989
1 1 8 2
5th 1993
1 8 3
6th 1996
2 7 4
7th 2000
1 7 5
8th 2004
8 4
9th 2008
8 4
10th 2011
1 6 5
11th 2015
2 5 2 3
12th 2016
3 4 1 4

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 347,470 33.63 –0.29 4 –1
People's Party (PP) 299,884 29.03 +3.85 4 +1
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 214,663 20.78 –3.97 3 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 138,086 13.37 +0.34 1 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 13,389 1.30 +0.39 0 ±0
Blank ballots 9,582 0.93 +0.02
Total 1,033,112 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 1,033,112 98.88 –0.11
Invalid votes 11,739 1.12 +0.11
Votes cast / turnout 1,044,851 68.21 –3.97
Abstentions 486,955 31.79 +3.97
Registered voters 1,531,806
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 371,142 33.92 –7.80 5 –1
People's Party (PP) 275,463 25.18 –13.50 3 –2
We Can (Podemos) 208,408 19.05 New 2 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 142,574 13.03 New 2 +2
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 62,309 5.70 –2.93 0 –1
Blank ballots 9,968 0.91 –0.37
Total 1,094,021 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 1,094,021 98.99 +0.15
Invalid votes 11,217 1.01 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 1,105,238 72.18 +0.96
Abstentions 425,923 27.82 –0.96
Registered voters 1,531,161
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 442,267 41.72 –16.37 6 –2
People's Party (PP) 410,046 38.68 +7.19 5 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 91,519 8.63 +3.24 1 +1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 58,502 5.52 +4.27 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 23,302 2.20 +0.51 0 ±0
Equo (eQuo) 11,313 1.07 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 13,596 1.28 +0.17
Total 1,060,182 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 1,060,182 98.84 –0.59
Invalid votes 12,464 1.16 +0.59
Votes cast / turnout 1,072,646 71.22 –2.62
Abstentions 433,483 28.78 +2.62
Registered voters 1,506,129
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 626,558 58.09 –0.18 8 ±0
People's Party (PP) 339,644 31.49 +3.56 4 ±0
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 58,091 5.39 –1.29 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 18,206 1.69 –2.81 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 13,467 1.25 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 12,019 1.11 –0.71
Total 1,078,542 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 1,078,542 99.43 +0.03
Invalid votes 6,170 0.57 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 1,084,712 73.84 –3.24
Abstentions 384,364 26.16 +3.24
Registered voters 1,469,076
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 639,293 58.27 +9.25 8 +1
People's Party (PP) 306,464 27.93 –7.05 4 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 73,344 6.68 –1.60 0 –1
Andalusian Party (PA) 45,005 4.10 –0.98 0 ±0
Blank ballots 19,960 1.82 +0.10
Total 1,097,156 100.00 12 –1
Valid votes 1,097,156 99.40 +0.02
Invalid votes 6,602 0.60 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 1,103,758 77.08 +7.34
Abstentions 328,273 22.92 –7.34
Registered voters 1,432,031
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 476,277 49.02 –1.03 7 ±0
People's Party (PP) 339,879 34.98 +3.56 5 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 80,455 8.28 –5.13 1 –1
Andalusian Party (PA) 49,342 5.08 +1.55 0 ±0
Blank ballots 16,727 1.72 +0.68
Total 971,500 100.00 13 ±0
Valid votes 971,500 99.38 –0.11
Invalid votes 6,012 0.62 +0.11
Votes cast / turnout 977,512 69.74 –9.95
Abstentions 424,070 30.26 +9.95
Registered voters 1,401,582
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 521,484 50.05 –5.98 7 –1
People's Party (PP) 327,384 31.42 +5.42 4 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 139,733 13.41 +1.73 2 +1
Andalusian Party (PA)1 36,797 3.53 –0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 10,812 1.04 +0.41
Total 1,041,824 100.00 13 +1
Valid votes 1,041,824 99.49 –0.10
Invalid votes 5,348 0.51 +0.10
Votes cast / turnout 1,047,172 79.69 +0.72
Abstentions 266,826 20.31 –0.72
Registered voters 1,313,998
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 543,651 56.03 +1.88 8 ±0
People's Party (PP) 252,241 26.00 +7.00 3 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 113,316 11.68 +0.19 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 30,421 3.14 –5.88 0 –1
Blank ballots 6,106 0.63 +0.13
Total 970,301 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 970,301 99.59 +0.39
Invalid votes 3,993 0.41 –0.39
Votes cast / turnout 974,294 78.97 +7.49
Abstentions 259,384 21.03 –7.49
Registered voters 1,233,678
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 438,615 54.15 –5.05 8 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 153,905 19.00 –2.17 2 –1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 93,080 11.49 +3.24 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 73,031 9.02 +4.96 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 18,420 2.27 –1.36 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 8,163 1.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,083 0.50 +0.12
Total 810,000 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 810,000 99.20 +0.48
Invalid votes 6,518 0.80 –0.48
Votes cast / turnout 816,518 71.48 –2.12
Abstentions 325,772 28.52 +2.12
Registered voters 1,142,290
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 473,743 59.20 –2.79 8 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 169,409 21.17 –0.81 3 ±0
United Left (IU)2 66,034 8.25 +1.10 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 32,515 4.06 +1.14 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 29,033 3.63 +2.91 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 11,020 1.38 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,077 0.38 +0.10
Total 800,183 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 800,183 98.72 +0.24
Invalid votes 10,407 1.28 –0.24
Votes cast / turnout 810,590 73.60 –7.56
Abstentions 290,792 26.40 +7.56
Registered voters 1,101,382
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 496,543 61.99 +32.59 8 +4
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 176,054 21.98 +17.29 3 +3
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 57,272 7.15 –8.85 1 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 30,004 3.75 –23.86 0 –4
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 23,375 2.92 –11.76 0 –2
Blank ballots 2,271 0.28 +0.13
Total 800,995 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 800,995 98.48 –0.56
Invalid votes 12,322 1.52 +0.56
Votes cast / turnout 813,317 81.16 +9.76
Abstentions 188,753 18.84 –9.76
Registered voters 1,002,070
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 203,468 29.40 –12.19 4 –1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 191,099 27.61 –5.01 4 –1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 110,731 16.00 +2.57 2 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 101,601 14.68 New 2 +2
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 32,428 4.69 –1.57 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)3 27,337 3.95 +1.17 0 ±0
National Union (UN)4 9,225 1.33 +1.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,051 0.15 –0.15
Total 692,141 100.00 12 ±0
Valid votes 692,141 99.04 +0.27
Invalid votes 6,677 0.96 –0.27
Votes cast / turnout 698,818 71.40 –10.89
Abstentions 279,954 28.60 +10.89
Registered voters 978,772
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

SevilleMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Seville
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 251,336 36.72 5
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 223,252 32.62 5
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 91,914 13.43 2
People's Alliance (AP) 42,860 6.26 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 33,329 4.87 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 19,008 2.78 0
Blank ballots 2,032 0.30
Total 684,399 100.00 12
Valid votes 684,399 98.77
Invalid votes 8,527 1.23
Votes cast / turnout 692,926 82.29
Abstentions 149,116 17.71
Registered voters 842,042
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 37°30′N 5°30′W / 37.500°N 5.500°W / 37.500; -5.500