Sewal de Bovil

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Sewal de Bovil
Archbishop of York
Yorkminstersewaldeboviltomb.jpg
Tomb of Bovil in York Minster
Electedc. 1 October 1255
Term ended10 May 1258
PredecessorWalter de Gray
SuccessorGodfrey Ludham
Other postsDean of York
Orders
Consecration23 July 1256
by Walter de Cantilupe
Personal details
Birth nameSewal de Bovil
Died10 May 1258
BuriedYork Minster

Sewal de Bovil (died 1258) was a medieval Archbishop of York.

Life[edit]

Nothing is known of Bovil's origins or his parents, but he attended Oxford University at around the same time as Edmund of Abingdon, who became Bovil's good friend.[1] He first appears as a canon of York Minster in 1236, and was holding the prebend of Fenton by October 1240.[2] He was Archdeacon of York by January 1248,[3] but had been named Dean of York by 21 September 1249.[4] He earned a doctor of theology title by 1244.[1]

Bovil was archbishop for only two years between 1256 and his death in 1258. He was selected about 1 October 1255, and was consecrated on 23 July 1256,[5] at York by Walter de Cantilupe, Bishop of Worcester.[1] He received a papal dispensation to become archbishop because he was illegitimate on 11 March 1256.[6] Pope Alexander IV then provided Jordan, an Italian, to the now vacant deanery, but Bovil objected and attempted to keep Jordan out.[1] Alexander IV then excommunicated the archbishop in 1257.[6] After a compromise was reached whereby Jordan received a pension, Bovil was absolved. Godfrey Ludham was then promoted to the deanery. In July 1257 he was appointed to a commission to mediate between King Alexander III of Scotland and the Scottish nobles.[1]

The archbishop died on 10 May 1258 and was buried in York Minster.[6] Matthew Paris wrote that he was "a humble and holy man well skilled in law and other sciences."[7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Kingsford "Bovill, Sewal de" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Prebendaries: Fenton
  3. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archdeacons: York
  4. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Deans
  5. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 282
  6. ^ a b c Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archbishops
  7. ^ Quoted in Kingsford "Bovill, Sewal de" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

References[edit]

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1999). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archbishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1999). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archdeacons: York. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1999). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Deans. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1999). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Prebenderies: Fenton. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 September 2007.
  • Kingsford, C. L.; revised by Philippa Hoskin (2004). "Bovill, Sewal de (d. 1257)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25133. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Walter de Gray
Archbishop of York
1256–1258
Succeeded by
Godfrey Ludham