Seward, Alaska

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For the peninsula, see Seward Peninsula.
Seward, Alaska
City
Welcome sign
Welcome sign
Motto: "Alaska Starts Here"
Seward, Alaska is located in Alaska
Seward, Alaska
Seward, Alaska
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 60°07′28″N 149°26′00″W / 60.12444°N 149.43333°W / 60.12444; -149.43333Coordinates: 60°07′28″N 149°26′00″W / 60.12444°N 149.43333°W / 60.12444; -149.43333
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Kenai Peninsula
Established 1903
Incorporated June 1, 1912[1]
Government
 • Mayor Jean Bardarson[2]
Area
 • Total 21.5 sq mi (55.8 km2)
 • Land 14.4 sq mi (37.4 km2)
 • Water 7.1 sq mi (18.4 km2)
Elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,693
 • Density 125.3/sq mi (75.7/km2)
Time zone Alaska (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) Alaska (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99664
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-68560
GNIS feature ID 1414598
Website City of Seward Website
Source of coordinates [3]

Seward (Alutiiq: Qutalleq) is a city in Kenai Peninsula Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 3,016.[4]

It was named after William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. In 1867, he fought for the U.S. purchase of Alaska which he finally negotiated to acquire from Russia.

In 1793 Alexander Baranov of the Shelikhov-Golikov company (precursor of the Russian-American Company) established a fur trade post on Resurrection Bay where Seward is today, and had a three-masted vessel, the Phoenix, built at the post by James Shields, an English shipwright in Russian service.[5]

Mile 0 of the historic Iditarod Trail is at Seward. In the early 1900s the trail was blazed in order to transport people and goods to and from the port of Seward to interior Alaska.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Seward, Alaska

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.5 square miles (56 km2), of which 14.4 square miles (37 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (32.93%) is water.

Adjoining communities include Bear Creek and Lowell Point.

Climate[edit]

Seward has, depending on the isotherm, a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) or a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc), and lies just within the subpolar/subarctic zone,[6] with moderate temperatures for Alaska and, due to its location along the Gulf of Alaska coast, high levels of precipitation.

Climate data for Seward Airport (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 31.8
(−0.1)
33.4
(0.8)
37.8
(3.2)
44.8
(7.1)
53.0
(11.7)
58.3
(14.6)
61.3
(16.3)
61.5
(16.4)
55.2
(12.9)
44.5
(6.9)
35.4
(1.9)
33.6
(0.9)
45.9
(7.7)
Average low °F (°C) 22.3
(−5.4)
23.2
(−4.9)
26.4
(−3.1)
32.5
(0.3)
39.9
(4.4)
46.1
(7.8)
50.7
(10.4)
50.0
(10)
43.8
(6.6)
34.7
(1.5)
26.4
(−3.1)
24.2
(−4.3)
35.0
(1.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 8.07
(205)
6.05
(153.7)
4.42
(112.3)
4.52
(114.8)
3.37
(85.6)
2.42
(61.5)
2.80
(71.1)
5.61
(142.5)
9.86
(250.4)
9.35
(237.5)
7.31
(185.7)
9.54
(242.3)
73.32
(1,862.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 12.9
(32.8)
12.6
(32)
10.5
(26.7)
3.7
(9.4)
.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.5
(1.3)
8.2
(20.8)
15.7
(39.9)
64.4
(163.7)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15.1 13.7 13.1 13.7 13.5 11.6 12.5 14.1 16.9 16.5 14.3 16.6 171.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.8 5.0 4.7 2.2 .1 0 0 0 0 .8 3.9 6.7 29.2
Source: NOAA[7]

Economy[edit]

Boats in the harbor
Boats in the harbor
  • According to a 2011 National Marine Fisheries Service report, Seward is the ninth most lucrative fisheries port in the United States based on the monetary value of fish taken from the port. In 2010, 69.2 million dollars worth of fish and shellfish passed through Seward, this was up significantly from 2009 when the port brought in 33.1 million dollars.[8]
  • Another major industry in Seward is tourism.
  • Seward is also an Alaska Railroad terminus which has a maintained dock for cruise vessels and it controls a shipping terminal for coal from Usibelli. The Railroad and Aurora Energy Services employ dozens of people in the local area.
  • Seward also has a minor military installation and is the homeport of the USCGC Mustang.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 534
1920 652 22.1%
1930 835 28.1%
1940 949 13.7%
1950 2,114 122.8%
1960 1,891 −10.5%
1970 1,587 −16.1%
1980 1,843 16.1%
1990 2,699 46.4%
2000 2,830 4.9%
2010 2,693 −4.8%
Source:[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 2,830 people, 917 households, and 555 families residing in the city. The population density was 196.0 people per square mile (75.7/km²). There were 1,058 housing units at an average density of 73.3 per square mile (28.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.12% White, 2.44% Black or African American, 16.68% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 5.87% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 917 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 21.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 150.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 166.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,306, and the median income for a family was $54,904. Males had a median income of $36,900 versus $30,508 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,360. About 8.3% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Alaska Department of Corrections operates the Spring Creek Correctional Center in Seward.[11][12]

The Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development operates AVTEC, Alaska's Institute of Technology in Seward.

The United States Postal Service operates the Seward Post Office.[13]

Transportation[edit]

A northbound Alaska Railroad passenger train idles at the Seward depot on June 30, 2010
The Seward boat harbor

Seward is unusual among most small Alaskan communities in that it has road access in the Seward Highway from Seward to Anchorage, a National Scenic Byway and All-American Road, which also brings it bus service. Seward is also the southern terminus of the Alaska Railroad. This keeps the port busy with freight coming on and off the trains, but also makes Seward a primary end point for north-bound cruise ships. Cruise ship passengers get off the boats and take the train farther north to Denali or other Alaskan attractions.

Seward is a very bike friendly community. A paved bike path runs from the downtown business district along the waterfront, through the harbor and along the highway to mile 4.5. Bikes are available for rent and there are guided bike tours of the area [1].

Alaska Marine Highway (ferry) service was discontinued at the end of the 2005. State ferry connections are now available in Whittier (90 miles North) or Homer (150 miles by highway).

Seward Airport (PAWD/SWD) is home to (general aviation) services and flight-seeing operators. Scheduled commercial service is available at Kenai Municipal Airport in Kenai and Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, both about 100 miles (160 km) away. Bus connections are also available.

International sister cities[edit]

Obihiro Park, with gazebo given to the people of Seward in 1993. Resurrection Bay is in the background

Notable people[edit]

  • In 1927, thirteen-year old Seward resident and Native Alaskan, Benny Benson, won a territory-wide American Legion contest to design a flag for Alaska. Born in Chignik in 1913, he was three when his mother died of pneumonia. Soon after her death the family's house burned and his Swedish fisherman father sent Benny and his brother to the Jesse Lee Home in Seward. Winning the contest changed Benny's life. The prize for designing the flag included a $1000 scholarship which he used to become an airplane mechanic. He married, raised a family, and died of a heart attack in 1972 at the age of 58. His design became the territorial flag and eventually the state flag. He is memorialized in Seward by the Benny Benson Memorial Park.[14]
Benny Benson Memorial at Milepost 1.4 of the Seward Highway in Seward, Alaska
  • Harry Kawabe, Japanese-American businessman sent to internment camp during World War II

Points of interest[edit]

Seward, Alaska, 1959

Education[edit]

The Kenai Peninsula Borough School District operates schools in Seward. Seward Elementary School, Seward Middle School, and Seward High School serve Seward.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 138. 
  2. ^ "Community: Seward". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. February 11, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Alaska" (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 21, 2006. Retrieved November 9, 2006. [dead link]
  5. ^ Haycox, Stephen W. (2002). Alaska: An American Colony. University of Washington Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-295-98249-6. 
  6. ^ Kottek, M.; Grieser, J. R.; Beck, C.; Rudolf, B.; Rubel, F. (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. 
  7. ^ "Station Name: AK SEWARD AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
  8. ^ 2011 NOAA National Marine Fisheries Report: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/mediacenter/docs/2011/sep/fus_sept2011.pdf
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "City of Seward 2020 Comprehensive Plan Volume II." City of Seward. 94/97. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  12. ^ "Spring Creek Correctional Center." Alaska Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - SEWARD." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  14. ^ University of Alaska. "Alaska State Flag, and Song, Intertwined Around Benny Benson." UA Informational Highlights. University of Alaska, Statewide Office of Public Affairs. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.
  15. ^ "Attendance Area Boundaries." Kenai Peninsula Borough School District. Retrieved on September 27, 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to Seward, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons