Sex, Lies, and Videotape
|sex, lies, and videotape|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Steven Soderbergh|
|Produced by||John Hardy|
|Written by||Steven Soderbergh|
|Music by||Cliff Martinez|
|Edited by||Steven Soderbergh|
|Distributed by||Miramax Films|
|Box office||$36.7 million|
Sex, Lies, and Videotape (styled as sex, lies, and videotape) is a 1989 American independent drama film that brought director Steven Soderbergh to prominence. The plot tells the story of a troubled man who videotapes women discussing their lives and sexuality, and his impact on the relationships of a troubled married couple and the wife's younger sister.
The film won the Palme d'Or at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, and was influential in revolutionizing the independent film movement in the early 1990s. In 2006, Sex, Lies, and Videotape was added to the United States Library of Congress' National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
Ann Bishop Mullany lives in Baton Rouge. Ann is unhappily married to John Mullany, a successful young lawyer, and they live in a comfortable home. Ann has a personal complaint about marriage intimacy she expresses to her sister Cynthia: she has never experienced an orgasm. She is in psychiatric therapy, where she vents about her troubled marriage, and John's new lack of interest in sex. The Mullanys are expecting an old friend of John's to visist them soon. Graham Dalton is an old and once close college friend of John. Dalton is now a seeming drifter with some living money saved up. Nine years after graduating college, Graham returns to visit John and perhaps now live in Baton Rouge. Graham arrives at John's home and meets Ann. Later Ann learns that John has invited Graham to stay with them until he finds an apartment. When John arrives home from work , Graham's demeanor becomes more guarded, due in part to John's subtle disapproval of Graham's rather bohemian lifestyle. The men briefly discuss their college days, and that Graham's long time college girlfriend, Elizabeth, is still living in Baton Rouge.
John is hiding a huge secret from Ann-he is cheating on Ann with her younger sister, Cynthia Bishop, a free-spirited and friendly bartender. He rationalizes his love affair by blaming Ann's frigidity. John frequently leaves his law office mid-day to meet for trysts with Cynthia, instructing his secretary to reschedule clients, even when the cleints are already in the legal office lobby waiting to see him. After a few days, Ann likes her new friendship with Graham, and per John's request, she ends up helping Graham look for a new apartment. Graham and Ann quickly become platonic friends, and Graham has a discussion with Ann over lunch in which he admits he is currently impotent. After Graham finds a apartment, Ann makes an impromptu visit to Graham's apartment. While visiting she notices stacks of camcorder videotapes, all with women's names on them, stacked around the television. When pressed, Graham explains that he sometimes interviews women he meets about their sex lives, sexual experiences, and their fantasies, and records the sexual discussions on videotape. After hearing Graham, Ann is suddenly overcome with shock and confusion, and she abruptly leaves his apartment.
Ann speaks to her sister Cynthia later that day, and without telling her details, expresses shock about Graham's lifestyle. Cynthia is suddenly very interested in meeting Graham. Ann asks her to leave Graham alone, but Cynthia is determined to meet Graham. Within a day, Cynthia appears uninvited at Graham's apartment and introduces herself. Graham says to her, "you are the extrovert". Cynthia then presses Graham to explain what discussion "spooked" Ann the preceding day. Graham briefly and reluctantly explains the sexual interview videotapes, and admits to Cynthia his sexual dysfunction: that he is impotent when in the presence of another person, and that he achieves gratification by watching these videos in private. Graham then proposes to Cynthia they make a sexual interview tape, assuring her that no other person is allowed to see the tapes. She believes him, and after talking it over, she agrees. Cynthia later reports doing a sexual interview videotape with Graham back to Ann, who is horrified. Cynthia admnits to Ann that her interview with Graham ended with her masturbating for him. Later Cynthia also tells John about her sexual videotape interview and he also reacts very negatively (though more than a little possessively).
Cleaning her bedroom the next day, Ann suddenly discovers Cynthia's missing pearl earring in her bedroom (she knows the earring belongs to her sister, since she had mentioned that she had lost it) while vacuuming. Ann is then furious, as she realizes John has been sleeping with Cynthia. She heads over to Graham's apartment with the intention of making a videotape. Graham objects, telling her making a sexual videotape is something she would not do in a normal frame of mind. Ann insists on making a videotape, and Graham relents.
Afterwards at home, Ann confronts John and loudly demands a divorce from him. In the ensuing shouting argument, John quickly learns that Ann has been to Graham's apartment , and that she has made a sexual video. John angrily rushes to Graham's apartment, yells at Graham, then suddenly hits him and then locks him out of his own apartment. John then watches Ann's sex tape. In the video, Ann says she has never felt any kind of 'satisfaction' from sex. When Graham asks if she ever thinks of having sex with other men, she admits she has thought of sex with Graham. Ann later turns the camera on Graham, who resists her questions but she persists. Graham confesses that he is haunted by his ex Elizabeth, and that his motivation in returning to Baton Rouge is an attempt to achieve some closure. Graham explains that he was a pathological liar, which destroyed an otherwise rewarding relationship with Elizabeth. He explains that he has since gone to great lengths to keep people at a distance and avoid relationships. Ann suddenly starts tenderly touching and kissing Graham; Graham soon turns off the camera; it is implied that the two have sex.
After viewing the sex video, a chastened John joins Graham on the front porch. Then, with obvious cruel pleasure, John confesses to having sex with Elizabeth while she and Graham were still a couple. But John then helps Graham see his ex Elizabeth in a more realistic way. He states, "She was no saint. She was good in bed, and she could keep a secret. That's all I can say about her." and then John leaves. This statement by John makes Graham furious, and he goes into a rage and he destroys all of the sexual videotapes, as well as his video camera.
The next day, John is suddenly summoned to his boss's legal office, where it’s implied that he is about to be fired due to his frequent cancellations of meetings with important clients of the law firm to have sexual trysts with Cynthia. In the next scene, Ann and Cynthia reconcile at the bar Cynthia tends. Ann then goes to Graham's place and joins Graham on the front porch, as they appear to be a couple.
- James Spader as Graham Dalton
- Andie MacDowell as Ann Bishop Mullany
- Peter Gallagher as John Mullany
- Laura San Giacomo as Cynthia Patrice Bishop
- Steven Brill as Barfly
- Ron Vawter as Therapist
The film was written by Steven Soderbergh in eight days on a yellow legal pad during a cross country trip (although, as Soderbergh points out in his DVD commentary track, he had been thinking about the film for a year).
Soderbergh's commentary also reveals that he had written Andie MacDowell's role with Elizabeth McGovern in mind, but McGovern's agent disliked the script so much that McGovern never even got to read it. Laura San Giacomo, who was represented by the same agency, had to threaten to leave that agency in order to be able to play Cynthia. Soderbergh was reluctant to audition MacDowell but she surprised him, getting the role after two extremely successful auditions. The role of John would have been played by Tim Daly, but delays in completing the financing for the film led to Peter Gallagher's getting the role instead.
With a budget of only $1.2 million, a week of rehearsal and a month-long shoot in August 1988 was all Soderbergh could afford. He would later call it “the only movie I’ve ever made where I felt like I had all the money and all the time I needed.” Principal photography took place in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Sex, Lies, and Videotape opened in a limited release on August 4, 1989, in 4 theaters and grossed $155,982, with an average of $38,995 per theater. The widest release for the film was 534 theaters and it ended up earning $24,741,667 in the United States, and around $36.74 million worldwide.
Sex, Lies, and Videotape was well received in its initial release in 1989 and holds a "certified fresh" rating of 96% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 46 reviews with an average score of 7.9 out of 10. The consensus states "In his feature directorial debut, Steven Soderbergh demonstrates a mastery of his craft well beyond his years, pulling together an outstanding cast and an intelligent script for a nuanced, mature film about neurosis and human sexuality." The film also has a score of 86 out of 100 on Metacritic based on 17 reviews indicating 'universal acclaim'.
In 2006, Sex, Lies, and Videotape was selected and preserved by the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant." The American Film Institute nominated it for AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies.
At the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, the film won the Palme d'Or and the FIPRESCI Prize, with Spader getting the Best Actor Award. It also won an Audience Award at the Sundance Film Festival. Soderbergh was nominated for an Academy Award for his screenplay.
The DVD includes a "director's dialogue" between Soderbergh and playwright/director Neil LaBute, recorded in 1998. LaBute's presence leads to conversational tangents unrelated to the film, although most of the tangents are related to the question of what it means to be a director, and are intended, as Soderbergh summarizes at the end, to "demystify" the process of making a film. LaBute's presence prompts Soderbergh to talk about reverse zooms, dolly shots, how actors have varying expectations of their director, the difference between stealing from a film you admire and paying tribute to it, shooting out of sequence, how the role of a director changes as their success (and their budgets) grow, and other filmmaking topics.
The movie was presented as a staged play in Hollywood at the Next Stage from December 13, 2003 to January 17, 2004. Directed by Seth Wiley and a cast that featured Amanda Bauman (Ann), Emily Williams (Therapist), Shauna Slade (Cynthia), Justin Christenson (Graham), and Jack Sundmacher (John).
A sequel was announced in 2001 and Catherine Keener was the first actor attached to the project, named "How To Survive a Hotel Room Fire." It was billed by Miramax as "an unofficial sequel of sorts." In October it was announced the movie would star Julia Roberts, David Hyde Pierce, and David Duchovny, and after the September 11 attacks, the film title was changed to "The Art of Negotiating a Turn." After a phone call with Harvey Weinstein because he did not like the new movie title, Soderbergh suggested the title "Full Frontal," with Weinstein calling it "one of the better titles I've heard."
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