Sextus Afranius Burrus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sextus Afranius Burrus
Born1
Gallia Narbonensis, Vasio
Died62 (age 61)
Rome
AllegianceRoman Empire
Years of service50 AD – 62
RankPraetorian prefect
Commands heldPraetorian Guard

Sextus Afranius Burrus (born AD 1 in Vasio, Gallia Narbonensis;[1] died AD 62) was a prefect of the Praetorian Guard and was, together with Seneca the Younger, an advisor to the Roman emperor Nero, making him a very powerful man in the early years of Nero's reign.[2][3]

Agrippina the Younger chose him as Prefect in 51 to secure her son Nero's place as emperor after the death of Claudius.[4] For the first eight years of Nero's rule, Burrus and Nero's former tutor Seneca helped maintain a stable government. Burrus acquiesced to Nero's murder of Agrippina the Younger but lost his influence over Nero anyway. He died in 62, some say from poison.[5]

The cognomen "Burrus" is the Latin version of the name Pyrrhus, king of Epirus.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CIL XII 5842 = ILS 1321
  2. ^ Albino Garzetti (1974). From Tiberius to the Antonines: A History of the Roman Empire AD 14-192. Routledge. pp. 611f. ISBN 978-1-317-69844-9.
  3. ^ Robert K. Sherk (1988). The Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian. Cambridge University Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-521-33887-5.
  4. ^ Anthony A. Barrett (1996). Agrippina: Sex, Power, and Politics in the Early Empire. Yale University Press. pp. 122f. ISBN 978-0-300-07856-5.
  5. ^ Boris Rankov (1994). The Praetorian Guard. Osprey Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-85532-361-2.
Government offices
Preceded by
Lusius Geta and Rufrius Crispinus
Praetorian prefect
51–62
Succeeded by
Faenius Rufus and Gaius Ophonius Tigellinus