Sextus Calpurnius Agricola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sextus Calpurnius Agricola
Allegiance Roman Empire
Years of service c.150-c.170
Rank Legate
consul suffectus, imperial legate, Governor
Commands held Legio VI Victrix
Germania Superior
Dacia
Moesia
Dedication to the god Sol Invictus, by a vexillatio of the Legio VI Victrix under the command of Agricola.

Sextus Calpurnius Agricola was a Roman general and politician of the 2nd century. In 154 he was consul suffectus with Tiberius Claudius Julianus.[1]

Calpurnius Agricola was governor of Germania Superior around 158.[2]

In 161 or 162 he was made governor of Britain and remained until at least 163, possibly until the end of the 160s.[2]

In 163, he was sent to Britain to control uprisings in the north. He rebuilt a number of forts, most notably that at Coria (Corbridge). He withdrew troops southwards from Scotland towards the line of Hadrian's Wall to contend with the threats of further rebellion.[3]

There are indications of unrest in Britain around the time of his rule attested by damage to the forum at Viroconium Cornoviorum (Wroxeter) and the burning of a large part of Verulamium (St Albans).[4][5]

Around 166 AD Agricola was appointed imperial legate in Roman Dacia.[6] Between 168–169, he was one of the governors of Lower Moesia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ L'anée Epigraphique 1980, p.202 no. 760 AD154
  2. ^ a b Patricia Southern Roman Britain: A New History 55BC - AD 450
  3. ^ RIB 1127, 1149, cf. 1389
  4. ^ Robin George Collingwood, John Nowell Linton Myres Roman Britain and the English Settlements p.150
  5. ^ Historia Augusta Life of Marcus Aurelius 8.8
  6. ^ Birley 2000, p. 145.

Epigraphics[edit]

Bibliographies[edit]

  • Patricia Southern Roman Britain: A New History 55BC - AD 450
Political offices
Preceded by
M. Valerius Etruscus (?)
and L. Aemilius Iuncus (?)
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire with Tiberius Claudius Julianus
154
Succeeded by
C. Iulius Statius Severus
and T. Iunius Severus
Preceded by
Marcus Statius Priscus
Roman governors of Britain
161- later in the 160s
Succeeded by
Unknown, then Quintus Antistius Adventus