Seydou Keïta

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Seydou Keïta
Born1921/1923
DiedNovember 21, 2001(2001-11-21) (aged 79–80)
CitizenshipMali
OccupationPhotographer
Websitewww.seydoukeitaphotographer.com

Seydou Keïta (1921/23 – 21 November 2001) was a Malian photographer known for his portraits of people and families he took at his portrait photography studio in Mali's capital, Bamako, in the 1950s.[1] His photographs are widely acknowledged not only as a record of Malian society but also as pieces of art.

Biography[edit]

Keïta was born in 1921 in Bamako, Mali, although the exact date is unknown. He was the oldest in a family of five children. His father Bâ Tièkòró and his uncle Tièmòkò were furniture makers. Keïta developed an interest in photography when his uncle gave him a Kodak Brownie with a film with eight shots in 1935, after returning from a trip to Senegal. In the beginning Keïta worked as both a carpenter and photographer, taking first portraits of his family and friends, later of people in the neighborhood. He learned photography and how to develop from Pierre Garnier, a French photographic supply store owner, and from Mountaga Traoré, his mentor. In 1948 he set up his first studio in the family house in Bamako-Koura behind the main prison.[2]

After acquiring studio space and a dark room, Keïta began shooting portraits of clients, and he eventually garnered a reputation for his style in both his photos and the way in which he shot his subjects.[3] In an interview with art curator André Magnin, Keïta describes his process and says that he showed his clients examples of previous portraits he had done, allowed them to pick a pose that they would like, and then he says "I suggested a position that was better suited for them, and in effect, I determined the good position. I was never wrong".[4] Another aspect of Keïta's style that led to his popularity as a portrait photographer was the "innovative use of props and backdrops" in all his photos.[5] He would often use backdrops that had stark patterns. Many people cite how well these backgrounds specifically went with his female subject’s clothes but Keïta has often described this as being coincidence.[4] Keïta was highly sought after by his clients not only for his signature style, but the culture and elegance that a photo of themselves stamped with the words "Photo SEYDOU KEÏTA" represented.[3]

Keïta did not record the identity of thousands of Malians that passed through his studio.[6] Since 1948, he had meticulously preserved all his negatives which he estimated ranged from 7,000 to 30,000.[7] His archives were categorized by broad types (e.g. couples, groups, and single full-figures) then subcategorized by date.[7] Every few years, Keïta would renew his studio props, which would later help establish the chronology of his work.[8] He wanted to portray Mali's memories and traditions stating that, he wanted "to take pictures of our rural people during harvest time, and the ritual ceremonies that go about then. That is where the essence of Mali comes out."[9] Elizabeth Bigham, a scholar at Columbia University, describes how the period shaped his art, saying that, "his studio was born during the immense economic and demographic boom that swept Bamako in the years after World War II."[10]

In 1962, shortly after Mali gained independence, Keïta was offered a job by the Mali head of police and the director of Malian National Security. He was asked to be the official government photographer, and he swiftly took the job. Though he continued working for the government for many years, Keïta’s new job eventually lead to the shutdown of his studio in 1963.[3]

He remained famous in Mali despite his retirement in 1977.[10] In an article for African Arts, Keïta explained that he quit photography once color became successful.[6] In 1991, Keïta's work became known outside of West Africa when his works were shown anonymously at the Center for African Art in New York City.[11] Though his work was first introduced to international audiences through his anonymous presence at this “African Express” exhibition, he has since been identified and given recognition in later exhibitions. This is due in part to art curator André Magnin, who sought to find him after seeing his anonymous work. Magnin was later entrusted with thousands of Keïta’s negatives, these making up the majority of his publicly displayed work.[3]

Keïta died on 21 November 2001 in Paris.[12]

Publications[edit]

  • Keïta, Seydou, André Magnin, and Youssouf Cissé. Seydou Keïta. Zurich: Scalo, 1997. ISBN 3-931141-46-2
  • Lamunière, Michelle, Seydou Keita, and Malick Sidibé. You Look Beautiful Like That: The Portrait Photographs of Seydou Keïta and Malick Sidibé. Cambridge: Harvard University Art Museums, 2001. ISBN 1-891771-20-5
  • Seydou Keita: Photographs, Bamako, Mali 1948-1963. Göttingen: Steidl, 2011. ISBN 978-3-86930-301-7.

Exhibitions[edit]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

Group exhibitions[edit]

Collections[edit]

Keita's work is held in the following permanent collections:

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moore, Allison (11 February 2013). Keïta, Seydou. Grove Art Online: Oxford Art Online's Grove Dictionary of Art. doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T2229320. ISBN 978-1-884446-05-4. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  2. ^ Magnin, André; Cissé, Youssouf Tata (1997). André Magnin (ed.). Seydou Keïta. Scalo Publishers. ISBN 3-931141-46-2.
  3. ^ a b c d Bigham, Elizabeth (1999). "Issues of Authorship in the Portrait Photographs of Seydou Keïta". African Arts. 32 (1): 56–96. doi:10.2307/3337538. ISSN 0001-9933. JSTOR 3337538.
  4. ^ a b Magnin, André (1995). "Seydou Keita". African Arts. 28 (4): 91–95. doi:10.2307/3337300. ISSN 0001-9933. JSTOR 3337300.
  5. ^ "Seydou Keïta 1921-2001". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (34): 30. 2001. ISSN 1077-3711. JSTOR 3134096.
  6. ^ a b Ellen, Caldwell (17 October 2016). "The Rediscovery of Photographer Seydou Keïta". JSTOR Daily.
  7. ^ a b ""Vol. 32, No. 1, Spring, 1999 of African Arts on JSTOR."". JSTOR. UCLA James S. Coleman African Studies Center. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Seydou Keita Photographer". Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  9. ^ Davidson, Basil (29 March 1998). "" Seydou Keita" Edited by Andre Magnin". Los Angeles Times.
  10. ^ a b Bigham, Elizabeth. Issues of authorship in the portrait photographs of Seydou Keita ... worldcat.org. OCLC 4850974. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Seydou Keita". Oxford Art Online. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  12. ^ Loke, Margarett (8 December 2001). "Seydou Keïta Dies; Photographed Common Man of Mali". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-06-06 – via NYTimes.com.
  13. ^ "Home". kunsthallewien.at. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  14. ^ "Fifty One Fine Art Photography Gallery - Artists". www.gallery51.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  15. ^ "Seydou Keïta - Bamako Portraits". Foam Fotografiemuseum Amsterdam. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  16. ^ "In/sight: African Photographers, 1940 to the Present". 16 January 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  17. ^ http://prv.mfah.org/archives/search.asp?par1=3&showid=2195&extitle=African+Art+Now%3A+Masterpieces+from+the+Jean+Pigozzi+Collection&exartist=&syear=&eyear=&cPg=1
  18. ^ "Fifty One Fine Art Photography Gallery - Exhib. Fifty One - past". gallery51.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Some Tribes". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Accueil — La Fab". Galeriedujour.com. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  21. ^ "100% Africa - Guggenheim Museum Bilbao". Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Pinacoteca Giovanni e Marella Agnelli WHY AFRICA?". www.pinacoteca-agnelli.it. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  23. ^ "Fifty One Fine Art Photography Gallery - Exhib. Fifty One - past". gallery51.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Fifty One Fine Art Photography Gallery - Exhib. Fifty One - current". www.gallery51.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Fifty One Fine Art Photography Gallery - Exhib. Fifty One - past". gallery51.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  26. ^ "Seydou Keïta". The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 2020-06-06.
  27. ^ "Untitled, #162" Saint Louis Art Museum. Accessed 20 June 2017
  28. ^ "Untitled, #58" Saint Louis Art Museum. Accessed 20 June 2017
  29. ^ "Seydou Keïta | Minneapolis Institute of Art". Retrieved 2018-01-10.
  30. ^ "Seydou Keïta". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  31. ^ "Seydou Keïta". University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Retrieved 7 July 2020.

External links[edit]