Seyid Yahya Bakuvi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Seyid Yahya Bakuvi
Born 1410[1]
Shamakhi, Azerbaijan
Died 1462[1]
Baku, Azerbaijan
Residence Azerbaijan
Fields Philosophy, Astronomy and Math

Seyid Yahya Bakuvi (Azerbaijani: Seyid Yəhya Bakuvi) – was an Azerbaijani scientist and philosopher of medieval ages.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Life[edit]

Seyid Yahya Bakuvi was born in Shamakhi into a rich family. Seyid Yahya Bakuvi lived in the 15th century, in Baku in the palace of Khalilullah I.[18][19][20][21] In his youth he was engaged in Sufism, and was a follower of the eminent Sheikh Sadr ad-Din al Khalvati, leader of the tariqa’s Shirvan. After the sheikh’s death, Seyid Yahya quarreled with a student Pirizade about who would lead Khalvati’s sect; he then left Shamakhi to move to Baku. In Baku he settled in the palace of Khalilullah I, where he enjoyed wide popularity as a philosopher and scientist. Soon the number of his followers (in countries of the Near East, too) exceeded ten thousand people.

Death[edit]

According to one source, the date of Bakuvi’s death was 862 AH (1457), to another it was 868 AH (1463). There is a Mausoleum of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi in the Shirvanshahs’ Palace complex. The date on that building is the date of mausoleum's construction.

Bakuvi’s works[edit]

15 works of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi have been saved up to date. His works have a sufistic and mystic character. They are kept in cities of Turkey: Istanbul (“Muradiye” library), Konya, Manisa. Seyid Yahya wrote such philosophic treatises as “Sharkh-I Gulshani-raz”(“Comments to flower garden of secrets”), “Asrar at-Talibin” (“Secret’s of searchers of the truth”), “Symbolism of signs”, “Comments to the Safavids dynasty”, “Secrets of spirits” and others, penetrated through religious and mystic ideas which are valuable sources in the sphere of investigation of philosophy, astronomy and math.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Бакуви. — Азербайджанская советская энциклопедия, 1974. — V. I. — P. 576.
  2. ^ M. Rıhtım – Seyid Yəya Bakuvi və Xəlvtilik, Bakı, 2006, səh 17
  3. ^ M. Ə. Ayni – Seyid Yəhya Şirvani//Maarif və Mədəniyyət məcmuəsi, N6, Bakı, 1923
  4. ^ S. Mümtaz – Seyid Yəhya, AMEA Əİ Fondu: 24/345
  5. ^ A. A. Seyidzade – Seyid Yaxya Bakuvi, Salman Mümtaz adına ƏİA Fondu:47, saxlama vahidi97, səh 67
  6. ^ B. G. Martin – A short history of the Khalweti order of Derwishes? California: Nikki k. Riddie, 1975
  7. ^ F. D. Long – Khalwetiyya, IV, 1991
  8. ^ V. Minorskiy – The Turks İran and the Caucasus in the middle ages, London, 1978
  9. ^ H. Altınbaş – Tasavvuf tarihi, Ankara, tarihsiz, səh 198
  10. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, leiden, new edition, 1978
  11. ^ Y/ Akp;nar – Azeri edebiyyatı araştırmaları, İstanbul, Dergah yayınları, 1994, səh 512
  12. ^ Y. V. Çəmənzəminli – Tarixi, coğrafi və iqtisadi Azərbaycan, Bakı, 1993, səh 55
  13. ^ F. Köçərli – Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatı materialları, I cild, Bakı, 1925
  14. ^ Z. Məmmədov – Azərbaycan fəlsəfəsi tarixi, Bakı, 1994
  15. ^ N. V. Minkeviç – Mustafayeva – Qrobniçı vuspalniçe Şirvanşaxov/Dokladı AN Azerb SSR, t. III, N1, 1947
  16. ^ A. Akpınar – Bin yılın yüz şairi, Azerbaycan şiiri antolojisi, Ankara, KB, 2000, səh 305
  17. ^ M. Ə. Rəsulzadə – Azerbaycan şairi Nizami, İstanbul, 1991, səh 402
  18. ^ A. H. Hocazade – Seyid Yahya eş-Şirvani, İstanbul, 1319
  19. ^ V. Bartold, F. Köprülü – İslam medeniyyeti tarihi, Ankara, DİB, 1984, səh 367
  20. ^ M. Rıhtım – Seyid Yəhya Bakuvi və Xəlvətilik, Bakı, 2006
  21. ^ S.S. Mustakimzde – Şerhi Virdü – Settar, SK: Pertev Paşa, N611