Sfiha

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Sfiha
Sfiha2.jpg
TypeSavoury pie
Place of originLevant
Region or stateIraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt, and Syria
Main ingredientsground mutton

Sfiha (Arabic: صفيحةsfīḥah), is a pie-like dish originating from the Levant. It was introduced in Brazil and Argentina by Levantine immigrants, where it is known as esfiha or esfirra.[1][2]

In contrast to the modern use of lamb or beef, traditional sfiha are open-faced meat pies made with ground mutton. Historically, sfiha were much like dolma—simply ground lamb, lightly spiced, wrapped in brined grape leaves.

In Brazil, sfihas are street popular food because they are cheap and fast. Sfihas are oven baked and come in two shapes: folded into a triangular pastry like fatayer, and open-faced (4 inches round flat bread); with various toppings, including cheese, curd, lamb, beef or vegetables.[3]

Main Ingredients[edit]

Every family has their own preference on what to add in addition to the meat. In Lebanon, the main ingredients are: meat, onions, tomatoes, pine nuts, salt, pepper (variations like pomegranate molasses or chili are added depending on the taste). The city of Baalbeck in Lebanon has its own famous version of Sfiha known as “Sfiha Baalbakiyye” (Arabic: صفيحة بعلبكية). It can be found throughout the city and is served with Sour Yogurt.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://dicionarioegramatica.com.br/2015/09/27/como-se-escreve-esfirra-esfiha-sfiha-isfirra-o-salgado-arabe/ Dicionário e Gramática www.dicionarioegramatica.com.br
  2. ^ Karam, John Tofik. Another Arabesque: Syrian-Lebanese Ethnicity in Neoliberal Brazil, Temple University Press (January 28, 2007), pag. 128
  3. ^ Yara Roberts, Richard Roberts, (2009), The Brazilian Table, Gibbs Smith, pag. 186