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|Place of origin||Levant or Lebanon|
|Region or state||Armenia, Argentina, Brazil, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria|
|Main ingredients||ground mutton|
|Cookbook: Sfiha Media: Sfiha|
Sfiha (Arabic: صفيحة sfīḥah), is a pie-like dish originating from the Levant, specifically Baalbek, Lebanon, but it is also known in Turkey as pide. It was introduced in Brazil and Argentina by Levantine immigrants, where it is known as esfiha or esfirra.
In contrast to the modern use of lamb or beef, traditional sfiha are open-faced meat pies made with ground mutton. Historically, sfiha were much like dolma—simply ground lamb, lightly spiced, wrapped in brined grape leaves.
In Brazil, sfihas are street popular food because they're cheap and fast. Sfihas are oven baked, come in two shapes: folded into a triangular pastry like fatayer, and open-faced (4 inches round flat bread); with various toppings, including cheese, curd, lamb, beef or vegetables. The first Brazilian fast food restaurant chain to serve sfihas and other Middle East dishes was Habib's.
- Lee, Jessica. Beyrut Footprint Focus Guide, Footprint Handbooks; Second edition (October 7, 2014), pag. 105
- http://dicionarioegramatica.com.br/2015/09/27/como-se-escreve-esfirra-esfiha-sfiha-isfirra-o-salgado-arabe/ Dicionário e Gramática www.dicionarioegramatica.com.br
- Karam, John Tofik. Another Arabesque: Syrian-Lebanese Ethnicity in Neoliberal Brazil, Temple University Press (January 28, 2007), pag. 128
- Yara Roberts, Richard Roberts, (2009), The Brazilian Table, Gibbs Smith, pag. 186
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