|Place of origin||Italy|
|Region or state||Campania|
|Main ingredients||Pastry dough|
|Variations||Many types of fillings|
A sfogliatella (Italian pronunciation: [sfoʎʎaˈtɛlla], plural: sfogliatelle; Neapolitan: sfugliatella), sometimes called a lobster tail in the US, is a shell-shaped filled Italian pastry originating from Campania. Sfogliatella means "small, thin leaf/layer", as the pastry's texture resembles stacked leaves.
The sfogliatella Santa Rosa was created in the monastery of Santa Rosa in Conca dei Marini in the province of Salerno, Italy, in the 17th century. Pasquale Pintauro, a pastry chef from Naples, acquired the original recipe and began selling the pastries in his shop in 1818.
The dough is stretched out on a large table, or flattened with a pasta maker, then brushed with a fat (butter, lard, shortening, margarine, or a mixture), then rolled into a log (much like a Swiss roll, but with many more layers). Disks are cut from the end, shaped to form pockets, and filled. The pastry is baked until the layers separate, forming the sfogliatella's characteristic ridges.
In Neapolitan cuisine, there are two kinds of the pastry: "sfogliatella riccia" ("curly"), the "normal" version, and "sfogliatella frolla," a less labour-intensive pastry that uses a shortcrust dough and does not form the sfogliatella's characteristic layers.
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- Bullock-Prado, Gesine (2012). Pie It Forward: Pies, Tarts, Tortes, Galettes, and Other Pastries Reinvented. Open Road Media. p. 198.
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