|Location||Seto Inland Sea, Japan|
|Area||153.30 km2 (59.19 sq mi)|
Shōdoshima or Shōdo Island (小豆島, Shōdoshima) is an island located in the Inland Sea of Japan. The name means "Island of Small Beans". There are two towns on the island: Tonoshō and Shōdoshima, composing the district of Shōzu.
The island is famous as the setting for the novel Twenty-Four Eyes and its subsequent film adaptations. The island was the first area of Japan to successfully grow olives, and it is sometimes known as "Olive Island".
Shōdoshima is part of Kagawa Prefecture and is located north of the prefectural capital Takamatsu. It has an area of 153.30 km2 (59.19 sq mi) and a coastline of 126 km (78 mi). It is the 23rd largest island in Japan, and the second largest in the Seto Inland Sea.
Shōdoshima is home to Dofuchi Strait, the world's narrowest strait, 9.93 m (32.58 ft) meters at its narrowest.
Tourism and culture
Shōdoshima is a popular destination for domestic tourism in Japan. In addition to natural features such as the Dobuchi Strait, the Angel Road, Shōdoshima Olive Park and the Kanka Gorge (寒霞渓, Kanka-kei), Shōdoshima is famous as the setting for the antiwar novel Twenty-Four Eyes (二十四の瞳, Nijūshi no Hitomi), written by the native author Sakae Tsuboi and later turned twice into a film (1954 and 1987), as well as a television special. The island is the birthplace of two other distinguished writers: Sakae's husband the poet Shigeji Tsuboi and the novelist and short-story writer Denji Kuroshima. All three were prominent participants in the proletarian literary movement, an important and politically radical current within modern Japanese literature.
Shōdoshima is also known for its olives, soy sauce, wild monkeys, and beaches. In addition, tourists are attracted to a miniature version of the 88-temple Shikoku Pilgrimage.
The island is also famous for being the first in Japan to successfully cultivate olives. Olive trees proliferate on the island and olive-related merchandise is quite popular with tourists. Milos, Greece, is Shōdoshima's sister island.
The island's mascot is Olive Shima-chan (Japanese: オリーブしまちゃん), who is an olive-shaped prince those task is to find secret spots of the island and to test taste olive oil for quality. He likes white rice. His birthday is on August 15. He is assisted by Mimozanoriku-chan and Rukkarukka.
- Olive King (Japanese: オリーブキング, romanized: Orībukingu) has protected the island for 100 years, he is Olive Shima-chan's master. 15 March is his birthday.
- Mimozanoriku-chan (Japanese: ミモザのりくちゃん, romanized: Mimoza no riku-chan) is a mimosa. She is the girlfriend of Olive Shima-chan and is responsible to signalling the island's residents about the arrival of spring. Her birthday is March 8.
- Rukkarukka (Japanese: ルッカルッカ), on the hand, an olive who is a crybaby. His birthday is November 16.
- Singleton Hachisu, Nancy (30 October 2015). "The island making Japan's best olive oil". The Japan Times. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Twelve Sets of Eyes". TMS Entertainment. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- 二十四の瞳 (in Japanese). TMS Entertainment. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: "Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san Places in REAL Life". YouTube.
- "オリーブしまちゃん". Olive Shima-chan.
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