|Born||March 23, 1970|
|Achieved professional status||November 6, 2005(aged 35)|
|JSA profile page|
Shōji Segawa (瀬川 晶司 Segawa Shōji, born March 23, 1970) is a Japanese professional shogi player, ranked 5-dan. Segawa is notable for becoming a professional player without being promoted by winning the 3-dan tournament within the professional apprenticeship program.
Segawa was a 3-dan ranked apprentice shogi professional, but was unable to gain promotion to 4-dan professional before turning 26 in 1996. Thus, per the association's rules, he was required to withdraw from its apprentice school. Segawa continued to play shogi as an amateur and won a number of national amateur tournaments which allowed him to qualify for entry into professional shogi tournaments. Segawa's record of 17 wins and 7 losses against professionals in these tournaments led him to request that the association grant him another opportunity to become a professional. The JSA discused Segawa's petition at its annual general meeting in May 2005, and the membership voted 129 to 52 to grant him a special exception to attempt to become a professional.
The JSA arranged for him to play six games against a variety of professional opponents, stating that he would be granted 4-dan professional status if he won three games. Segawa's opponents were to be four professional players (Hiromitsu Kanki, Toshiaki Kubo and Makoto Nakahara and Kunio Yonenaga), one female professional player (Hiroe Nakai), and one apprentice school 3-dan (Amahiko Satō).
The games were held from July to November 2005. Segawa lost Game One against Satō, won Game Two against Kanki, lost Game Three against Kubo, and then won Game Four against Nakai. His opponent for Game Five was originally schedulled to be Nakahara, but he was replaced by Hideyuki Takano. Segawa defeated Takano to achieve the necessary third win on November 6, 2005 and was granted professional status by the JSA on the same day. He became the first person in 61 years to obtain professional status via test shogi.
As a result of Segawa's successful attempt to become professional, the matter was re-discussed by the JSA members during the association's annual general meeting in May 2006, and the membership voted 154 in favor to 34 against to create a formal way for other strong amateurs to obtain professional status called the "Professional Admission Test" (プロ編入試験 (Puro Henyū Shiken)).
The promotion history of Segawa is as follows:
- 2005, November 6: 4-dan
- 2012, August 13: 5-dan
- "Kishi Dētabēsu: Segawa Shōji" 棋士データベース: 瀬川晶司 [Professional Shogi Player Database: Shōji Segawa] (in Japanese). Japan Shogi Association. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- "Shōji Segawa 5th stage "Miracle of crying bugs (tentative title)" is decided as a movie!". August 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Nakamura, Akemi (December 29, 2005). "Newest 'shogi' pro followed unlikely path". The Japan Times. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Nakasuna, Kōji (May 26, 2005). "Kyōgō Ama･Segawa-san no Puro e no Shiken Taikyoku Kettei" 強豪アマ･瀬川さんのプロへの試験対局決定 [Details of "Pro Test" for Extremely Strong Amateur Segawa Decided]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on May 29, 2005. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Segawa Shōji-shi no Puro Iri ni Tsuite" 瀬川晶司氏のプロ入りについて [Regarding Shōji Segawa Becoming a Professional] (in Japanese). Japan Shogi Association. June 19, 2005. Archived from the original on June 19, 2005. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- Nakasuna, Kōji (November 6, 2005). "Shōgi: Segawa-san, Pro Shiken Gōkaku Tsūsan Sanshō Nihai" 将棋: 瀬川さん, プロ試験合格 通算3勝2敗 [Shogi: Segawa Passes Pro Test with 3 Wins and 2 Losses]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Archived from the original on November 25, 2005. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Henyū Seido Tōshisho A" 編入制度答申書 A [Admission Test System Report A] (in Japanese). Japan Shogi Association. May 26, 2006. Archived from the original on January 14, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Kishi Dētabēsu: Segawa Shōji Shōdan Rireki" 棋士データベース: 瀬川晶司 昇段履歴 [Professional Shogi Player Database: Shōji Segawa Promotion History] (in Japanese). Japan Shogi Association. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2017.