Shōnai, Yamagata

Coordinates: 38°50′59.6″N 139°54′17″E / 38.849889°N 139.90472°E / 38.849889; 139.90472
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Shōnai)
Shōnai
庄内町
Wind farm in Shonai
Wind farm in Shonai
Flag of Shōnai
Official seal of Shōnai
Location of Shōnai in Yamagata Prefecture
Location of Shōnai in Yamagata Prefecture
Shōnai is located in Japan
Shōnai
Shōnai
 
Coordinates: 38°50′59.6″N 139°54′17″E / 38.849889°N 139.90472°E / 38.849889; 139.90472
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureYamagata
DistrictHigashitagawa
Area
 • Total249.17 km2 (96.21 sq mi)
Population
 (February 2020)
 • Total20,940
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0234-43-2211
Address132-1 Amarume-cho, Shōnai-machi, Higashitagawa-gun, Yamagata-ken 999-7781
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdEurasian skylark
FlowerFritillaria camschatcensis
TreeCamellia japonica
Shōnai town hall

Shōnai (庄内町, Shōnai-machi) is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 29 February 2020, the town has an estimated population of 20,940 in 7108 households,[1] and a population density of 87.5 per km². The total area of the town is 249.17 square kilometres (96 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Shōnai is located in the coastal plains of north-central Yamagata Prefecture. The Mogami River flows through the town. Mount Gassan, the highest of the Three Mountains of Dewa is at the intersection of the borders of Shōnai, Tsuruoka, Ōkura and Nishikawa.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Shōnai has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from August to October. The average annual temperature in Shōnai is 12.0 °C (53.6 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,074.1 mm (81.66 in) with November as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C (76.1 °F), and lowest in January, at around 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).[2]

Climate data for Karigawa, Shōnai (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
15.7
(60.3)
22.8
(73.0)
30.1
(86.2)
32.2
(90.0)
32.0
(89.6)
36.6
(97.9)
37.6
(99.7)
34.7
(94.5)
29.9
(85.8)
24.0
(75.2)
18.0
(64.4)
37.6
(99.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.6
(38.5)
7.8
(46.0)
14.6
(58.3)
20.2
(68.4)
24.0
(75.2)
27.2
(81.0)
29.0
(84.2)
25.2
(77.4)
19.1
(66.4)
12.4
(54.3)
6.0
(42.8)
16.0
(60.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.8
(33.4)
3.8
(38.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.2
(59.4)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
20.5
(68.9)
14.5
(58.1)
8.4
(47.1)
3.1
(37.6)
12.0
(53.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.2
(32.4)
4.5
(40.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
19.9
(67.8)
21.0
(69.8)
16.8
(62.2)
10.6
(51.1)
4.9
(40.8)
0.6
(33.1)
8.4
(47.2)
Record low °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−13.0
(8.6)
−9.0
(15.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
1.9
(35.4)
7.0
(44.6)
11.5
(52.7)
13.5
(56.3)
6.2
(43.2)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.7
(12.7)
−13.0
(8.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 190.9
(7.52)
125.2
(4.93)
119.6
(4.71)
103.1
(4.06)
121.7
(4.79)
125.2
(4.93)
227.2
(8.94)
218.7
(8.61)
170.3
(6.70)
202.0
(7.95)
237.1
(9.33)
228.6
(9.00)
2,074.1
(81.66)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 209
(82)
165
(65)
69
(27)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2.0)
84
(33)
518
(204)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 24.4 20.0 17.8 13.5 12.0 11.0 13.5 12.3 13.9 15.7 19.7 23.7 197.5
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 19.4 17.8 9.1 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 8.6 55.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 25.9 47.3 99.1 155.5 185.8 169.4 143.3 183.3 142.1 118.6 79.6 34.8 1,384.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Shōnai peaked around 1950 and has declined gradually since then. It is now less than it was a hundred years ago.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 25,848—    
1930 28,224+9.2%
1940 29,310+3.8%
1950 33,961+15.9%
1960 33,160−2.4%
1970 28,925−12.8%
1980 27,798−3.9%
1990 26,705−3.9%
2000 25,489−4.6%
2010 23,158−9.1%
2020 20,151−13.0%

History[edit]

The area of present-day Shōnai was part of ancient Dewa Province. After the start of the Meiji period, the area became part of Higashitagawa District, Yamagata Prefecture. The town of Amarume was established on April 1, 1889, with the creation of the modern municipalities system, and the town of Karikawa on April 1, 1937. Karikawa merged with the neighboring villages of Kiyokawa and Tachiyazawa on October 1, 1954, and was renamed Tachikawa. On July 1, 2005, the towns of Tachikawa and Amarume merged to form the new town of Shōnai.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Shōnai is based on agriculture.

Education[edit]

Shōnai has five public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Yamagata Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

East Japan Railway Company - Uetsu Main Line

East Japan Railway Company - Rikuu West Line

Highway[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shōnai Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  4. ^ Shōnai population statistics
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]