22 June 1903|
Otsuki, Yamanashi, Japan
|Died||February 14, 1967
|Genre||novels, short stories|
Shūgorō Yamamoto (山本 周五郎 Yamamoto Shūgorō?, June 22, 1903 – February 14, 1967) was the pen name of Satomu Shimizu (清水 三十六 Shimizu Satomu?), a Japanese novelist and short-story writer active during the Showa period of Japan. He was noted for his popular literature, and is known to have published works under at least fourteen different pen names.
Yamamoto was born in what is now Otsuki city in Yamanashi prefecture, to a family in impoverished circumstances. Lack of money forced him to drop out of secondary school, but he continued his education part-time, while living as a boarder above a used bookstore. His pen-name came from the name of the store where he lived.
Yamamoto's literary debut was with a short story called Sumadera fukin, and a stage drama in three acts, called Horinji iki, which were both published in 1926. His early works were aimed primarily at children. In 1932, he turned to popular stories for adults with Dadara Dambei, which received little serious notice from the literary world, so he continued to write popular detective stories and adventure stories for juvenile audiences. These included a series of short stories with samurai themes from 1940–1945, and stories on heroic historical women from 1942–1945, both themes being preeminently suitable for wartime Japan.
His preference for historically-themed writings carried over into the postwar era, with Momi no ki wa nokotta (The Fir Trees Remain) and the Flower Mat. His works are characterized by a marked sympathy for the underdog, a dislike of authority, and with homage to traditional, popular virtues. His Nihon Fujin Fudoki (Lives of Great Japanese Women) was nominated for the 17th Naoki Award, one of Japan’s most prestigious literary prizes, but Shūgorō refused to accept, stating modestly that his “popular writings” should not be considered “literature”.
A literary prize, the Yamamoto Shūgorō Prize, was established in 1987 on the twentieth anniversary of the founding of the Shinchō Society for the Promotion of Literary Arts (Shinchō Bungei Shinkō Kai). It is awarded annually to a new work of fiction considered to exemplify the art of storytelling. The winner receives a commemorative gift and a cash award of 1 million yen.
- Lives of Great Japanese Women (日本婦道記, 1942–1945)
- The Fir Trees Remain (樅ノ木は残った, 1954–1958)
- The Tales Of Dr. Redbeard (赤ひげ診療譚, 1958)
- The Tale Of Blue Beka Boat (青べか物語, 1960)
- A City Without Seasons (季節のない街, 1962)
- Sabu (さぶ, 1963)
- Japanese literature
- List of Japanese authors
- Sanjuro, Akira Kurosawa's film adaptation of the short story Nichinichi hei-an ("Peaceful Days")
- Dodes'ka-den, Akira Kurosawa's film adaptation of the book Kisetsu no nai machi ("The Town Without Seasons")
- Yamamoto, Shugoro. The Flower Mat. Tuttle Publishing (2006). ISBN 0-8048-3333-8.
- Shugoro Yamamoto at J'Lit Books from Japan (English)
- Fukue, Nastuko, "Literary awards run spectrum", Japan Times, 14 February 2012, p. 3.
- J'Lit | Awards : Yamamoto Shugoro Prize | Books from Japan (English)