It was made between 1655-1658 by gardeners from Kyoto invited by the second lord of Tsuyama Domain Mori Nagatsugu. It was modelled on Sento Imperial Palace (仙洞御所) of the Kyoto Imperial Palace (京都御所). The garden at the time was three times the size of the current one.
During the Edo period, the Matsudaira clan used the garden as Gotaimenjo (御対面所) for audiences or diplomacy. None of the buildings from the Edo period remain. The present buildings are reconstructions. It was given the name Shūraku-en in 1870. Shūraku-en was designated a Place of Scenic Beauty (名勝 meishō?) by the national government in 2002. It is now open to the public free as a citizen's park. However, it is closed at night.
- "旧津山藩別邸庭園（衆楽園）". Cultural Heritage Online. Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
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