Sh2-264

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Lambda Ori Ring's molecular cloud, a type of star-forming zone in a nebula, is the main feature, made out at long exposure of usually over one minute, only, in visible light, in clear dry skies. Betelgeuse and Bellatrix are south-east and south-west of the formation, forever cast as Alpha and Gamma by Bayer, they are near the top of Orion and in myth represent the hunter's shoulders.
The ring shows its H II region status in the infrared — this image includes the very bright source of infrared and near-infrared Betelgeuse, therefore blue-white when shown converted to visible light.

Sharpless 264, also known as the Lambda Orionis Ring, is a molecular cloud and H II region, which can be seen in the northern region of the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex (OMCC), in the constellation of Orion. The OMCC is one of the best-known star formation regions and the closest sector of the Milky Way to our Solar System where high-mass stars are born. The nebula is named after its main star, λ Orionis, a blue giant responsible for the ionization of the surrounding material.[1] It is also sometimes called the Angelfish Nebula due to its resemblance as to its lighter areas (pink to peach colour) to an angelfish. In the infrared its ionized boundaries are that which appears, instead.

Observations[edit]

λ Orionis (also known as Meissa or Heka) at about 1,100 light-years is the star representing the head of Orion and can be found to the north of the quadrangle defined by the stars Betelgeuse, Bellatrix, Rigel and Saiph. This star can be found at the centre of open cluster Collinder 69 composed of fourth and fifth-magnitude young hot stars, visible to the naked eye. It can be resolved with a pair of binoculars. The rest of the cluster and associated nebula spans a few hundred light-years centred about 1400 light-years away.

The broad nebula shown is not visible unaided, with binoculars or small amateur telescopes. It becomes clear in long-exposure photographs, such as in the first illustration on this page.

Orange giant phi2 Orionis at about 116 light years is currently in the line of sight between Lamda Ori and Betelgeuse is not part of this region, often appearing so due to projection effects.

HD 34989 is a Blue-white main sequence star, visible magnified only, between Lambda Ori. and Bellatrix. It has a small nebulous cloud more geared towards the near-infrared than other parts of the neighbouring ionized regions across the Ring.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mathieu, R. D., The λ Orionis Star Forming Region, in Handbook of Star Forming Regions, Volume I: The Northern Sky ASP Monograph Publications, vol. 4, Bo Reipurth, December 2008, p. 757, ISBN 978-1-58381-670-7.

External links[edit]