Sh (digraph)

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Sh is a digraph of the Latin alphabet, a combination of S and H.

European languages[edit]


In Albanian, sh represents [ʃ]. It is considered a distinct letter, named shë, and placed between S and T in the albanian alphabet.


In English, sh usually represents /ʃ/. The exception is in compound words, where the s and h are not a digraph, but pronounced separately, e.g. hogshead is hogs-head /ˈhɒɡz.hɛd/, not *hog-shead /ˈhɒɡ.ʃɛd/. Sh is not considered a distinct letter for collation purposes.

⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) American Literary braille includes a single-cell contraction for the digraph with the dot pattern (1 4 6). In isolation it stands for the word "shall".

In Old English orthography, the sound /ʃ/ was written sc. In Middle English it came to be written sch or sh; the latter spelling has been adopted as the usual one in Modern English.


In German, sh is used to transliterate Cyrillic ж, pronounced as /ʐ/ in Russian. It is often replaced with trigraph sch, which normally represents [ʃ].


In Irish sh is pronounced [h] and represents the lenition of s; for example mo shaol [mə hiːɫ] "my life" (cf. saol [sˠiːɫ] "life").


In Occitan, sh represents [ʃ]. It mostly occurs in the Gascon dialect of Occitan and corresponds with s or ss in other Occitan dialects: peish = peis "fish", naishença = naissença "birth", sheis = sièis "six". A i before sh is silent: peish, naishença are pronounced [ˈpeʃ, naˈʃensɔ]. Some words have sh in all Occitan dialects: they are Gascon words adopted in all the Occitan language (Aush "Auch", Arcaishon "Arcachon") or foreign borrowings (shampó "shampoo").

For s·h, see Interpunct#Occitan.

Other languages[edit]


Sh represents the sound [ʃ] in the Uyghur Latin script. It is considered a separate letter, and is the 14th letter of the alphabet.


In Uzbek, the letter sh represents [ʃ]. It is the 27th letter of the Uzbek alphabet.


In the Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and Yale romanizations of Chinese, sh represents retroflex [ʂ]. It contrasts with [ɕ], which is written x in Pinyin, hs in Wade-Giles, and sy in Yale.

In the Hepburn romanization of Japanese, sh represents [ɕ]. Other romanizations write [ɕ] as s before i and sy before other vowels.

International auxiliary languages[edit]


In Ido, sh represents [ʃ].