Shaanxi Y-9

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Shaanxi Y-9 at 2014 Zhuhai Air Show.jpg
Shaanxi Y-9 at 2014 Zhuhai Air Show.
Role Transport aircraft
National origin China
Manufacturer Shaanxi Aircraft Company
First flight November 2010
Status Operational / In production
Primary user PLA Air Force
Developed from Shaanxi Y-8

The Shaanxi Y-9 (Chinese: 运-9; pinyin: Yùn-9) aircraft is a medium-sized, medium-range transport aircraft produced by Shaanxi Aircraft Company in China. The aircraft was developed as a stretched version of the Shaanxi Y-8F with greater payload and range originating from the Soviet Antonov An-12. The Y-9 is considered China's effort to build a C-130J class transport aircraft.[1]


Originally known as the Y-8X project, the development of Y-9 began in 2001 to produce a C-130J class transport to replace the older Y-8. Shaanxi Aircraft Industry showed models of the aircraft as the Y-9 at the 2005 International Aviation Expo in Beijing, to promote its use as a civilian transport. However, development was met with various technical challenges, and the maiden flight date slipped from 2006 to 2007, then 2008. Shaanxi had intended to produce its first production model for the PLAAF in 2009.[citation needed]

The Y-9 is powered by four Wojiang FWJ-6C turboprop engines, and equipped with 6-bladed JL-4 composite propellers. The tail ramp is capable of handling vehicle cargo. The aircraft is capable of transporting 25 tons of cargo, or configured with 106 troop seats in the troop transport role, or 72 stretchers for the medical evacuation role, or up to 132 armed paratroopers in the para-drop role. The dimension of the cargo bay is 16.2m X 3.2m X 2.35m (length X width X height).

In January 2010 it was reported that the Y-9 design had been frozen but no aircraft would be constructed until an order was placed. A first flight of the new transport could take place by 2011.[2] As of the summer of 2012 the Y-9 has become operational with the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).[3]


 People's Republic of China


  • Y-9LH: Version for PLA Army Aviation (S/N LH940xx)
  • Y-9E: Export version of the Y-9[7]
  • Y-9JB (GX-8): Electronic warfare and surveillance aircraft with four large fairings and additional antennae.[8]
  • KJ-500 (GX-9?): Airborne early warning and control variant with a fixed radome with active electronically scanned array radars arranged triangularly to provide 360-degree coverage.[9] Shown to the public in September 2015.[10]
  • Y-9XZ (GX-10) : Psychological warfare variant.[citation needed]
  • Y-9G (GX-11): Electronic warfare variant replacing Y-8G [11]

Specifications (Y-9)[edit]

Data from sinodefence[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3-4
  • Capacity:
    • 106 passengers or
    • 132 airborne troops or
    • 9 pallets
  • Payload: 25,000 kg cargo ()
  • Length: 36 m ()
  • Wingspan: 40 m ()
  • Height: 11.3m ()
  • Empty weight: 39,000kg ()
  • Useful load: 25,000kg (55,090lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 77,000kg ()
  • Powerplant: 4 × Zhuzhou WoJiang-6C (FWJ-6C) turboprops, 3,805 kw (5,100 shp) each
  • Propellers: JL-4 6-blade composite propeller, 1 per engine


See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ a b "Yun-9 (Y-9) Multipurpose Transport Aircraft". 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  2. ^ "Shaanxi's Y9 still waiting on Chinese military to commit". 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  3. ^ "Chinese Yun-9 (Y-9) Military Transport Aircraft Operational With PLAAF ~ Chinese Military Review". 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2013-10-28. 
  4. ^ Retrieved Aug 3, 2016
  5. ^ retrieved 2016-12-23
  6. ^
  7. ^ David, Donald (20 June 2017). "Chinese Transport Goes on Sale". AIN online. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Japan intercepts new Chinese GX-8 ELINT aircraft". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Chinese Military Aviation". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "China showcases new weapon systems at 3 September parade". Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Chinese Military Aviation". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 

External links[edit]