Shaarey Zedek Synagogue (Winnipeg)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shaarey Zedek Synagogue
Religion
AffiliationConservative Judaism
StatusActive
Location
LocationWinnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Geographic coordinates49°52′38″N 97°09′42″W / 49.877222°N 97.161667°W / 49.877222; -97.161667Coordinates: 49°52′38″N 97°09′42″W / 49.877222°N 97.161667°W / 49.877222; -97.161667
Architecture
Architect(s)Green, Blankstein, Russell
and Associates
Completed1950
Specifications
Capacity1,500
MaterialsTyndall stone
Website
shaareyzedek.mb.ca

Shaarey Zedek Synagogue ("Gates of Righteousness") is the oldest synagogue in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.[1] Formed in 1880, the congregation's first building was constructed by Philip Brown and several others in 1890.[2] Charles Henry Wheeler (architect) designed the original Synagogue on King Street (1889–90).[3]

The synagogue has been located at 561 Wellington Crescent off Academy Road, on the western bank of the Assiniboine River, since 1950.[4]

History[edit]

Before the synagogues came to be established by Jews in Canada, history of emigration to Canada, very much before World War I, is replete with the hardships faced due to migration from Russia and other countries and living under very trying conditions. The first settlers came to Canada much earlier in 1880. Canada was in need of immigrants and Jews from Russia and other countries fitted the bill. Initially the community established temporary synagogues in rented houses.[5]

However, the first congregation of Jews had begun in 1880 when a tiny group of Jewish migrants formed together.[6] By 1891, the Jewish population of Winnipeg had grown to 645 persons, and 1156 persons by 1901, bringing about a demand in the city for synagogues to be built.[6] The community bought a plot (at the corner of King and Common (now Henry) streets) to build a synagogue, in 1887 from William Gomez de Fonseca, at a cost of $1,250. The synagogue was built to the plans of Architect Charles H. Wheeler and by 1889 it was completed and named as “Shaarey Zedek”, meaning “the Gates of Righteousness” It was consecrated on 20 March 1890. Its coloured windows and tabernacles were made of finest Italian and American marble. Additional land of 4 ha was purchased in 1894 to have an exclusive cemetery that serves the community to this day. The original Shaarey Zedek Synagogue was located on Henry Avenue and 315 King Street. Built in 1890, it was the first of many synagogue buildings erected in Winnipeg, built three years before Rosh Pina Synagogue on Henry Avenue.[5][7][8]

The principal members of the Bethel Synagogue established their own conservative synagogue in 1899 and called it the Shaarey Zedek. The synagogue premises had its own cemetery. A Hebrew school also functioned here for several years.[9] In 1899, it was located on 37 Martha Street, and T. Finkelstein was its president.[10] Rabbi Solomon Hart Green (also known as Solomon Frank[11]) occupied the synagogue's pulpit from 1926 until 1947, following Rabbi Herbert J. Samuel.[12][13] Hart Green was succeeded by Rabbi Milton Arey.[14]

In 1902, the first Canadian Talmud Torah was opened in a new building next to Shaarey Zedek Synagogue.[15]

In 1913, proposals to build a new the synagogue were put off. This was done to absorb a branch congregation which had earlier established its own synagogue at Shaarey Shomayim could not sustain itself due to financial difficulties. Following this merger the main older synagogue was expanded. However, a new building came to be established only in 1950.[9]

Arey became the first rabbi of the new synagogue which opened as 561 Wellington Crescent off Academy Road, near the Assiniboine River, in 1950.[4]

The synagogue has been used for meetings during important events in its history.[16][17] In 1982, it was subject to a Conservative General-by-Law, amended in 1991.[18] The NA has microfilmed records of Shaarey Zedek Synagogue, Winnipeg from 1889-1983, along with Holy Blossom Temple, Toronto from 1856-1969.[19]

The Shaarey Zedek Synagogue conforms to Conservative Judaism and claims to promote spiritual growth, continuing education and the enrichment of life cycle events of its community.[20]

Architecture[edit]

The current building was built on Wellington Crescent throughout 1949 it opened in 1950. The building is a long, light grey stone complex, consisting of oblong architectural pieces, overlooking a lawn and the river. It more resembles a university campus or a government building than a synagogue. The synagogue is noted for its beautiful stained glass windows, designed by Leo Mol and documented by the Institute for stained glass in Canada. It has capacity to hold 1,500 members.[5][21][22]

The synagogue is located north of Munson Park, near the Maryland Bridge, Rehabilitation Centre for Children, Lutheran Church of the Redeemer and First Unitarian Universalist Church of Winnipeg, across the river from the Westgate Mennonite Collegiate and the Cornish Library.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba; Manitoba. Dept. of Cultural Affairs and Historical Resources; Manitoba. Manitoba Culture; Heritage and Recreation (1998). Manitoba history. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  2. ^ Bumsted, J. M. (10 December 1999). Dictionary of Manitoba biography. Univ. of Manitoba Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-88755-662-3. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/352 Charles Henry Wheeler (architect)
  4. ^ a b Rosenberg, Stuart E. (1970). The Jewish community in Canada. McClelland and Stewart. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b c "Shaarey Zedek has a long and proud history". Winnipeg Free Press. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  6. ^ a b Tulchinsky, Gerald (24 May 2008). Canada's Jews: a people's journey. University of Toronto Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8020-9386-8. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  7. ^ Blanchard, Jim (2005). Winnipeg 1912. Univ. of Manitoba Press. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-88755-684-5. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  8. ^ Jewish life and times: a collection of essays. Jewish Historical Society of Western Canada. 1993. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Shaarey Zedek Congregation : Winnipeg, Manitoba". The Canadian Jewish Heritage Network. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  10. ^ The Jewish year book. Greenberg & Co. 1899. pp. 133–. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  11. ^ Elliott, Jean Leonard (1983). Two nations, many cultures: ethnic groups in Canada. Prentice-Hall of Canada. ISBN 978-0-13-935205-8. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  12. ^ Landman, Isaac (1943). The Universal Jewish encyclopedia ...: an authoritative and popular presentation of Jews and Judaism since the earliest times. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, inc. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  13. ^ Stingel, Janine (March 2000). Social discredit: anti-Semitism, Social Credit, and the Jewish response. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-7735-2010-3. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  14. ^ The Labour gazette. Canada Dept. of Labour. 1951. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  15. ^ Kurelek, William; Arnold, Abraham (1976). Jewish life in Canada. Hurtig. ISBN 978-0-88830-107-9. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  16. ^ Troper, Harold (30 August 2010). The Defining Decade: Identity, Politics, and the Canadian Jewish Community in the 1960s. University of Toronto Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-4426-1046-0. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  17. ^ Edge, Marc (20 October 2007). Asper nation: Canada's most dangerous media company. New Star Books. ISBN 978-1-55420-032-0. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  18. ^ Brown, Michael Gary; Elazar, Daniel Judah; Robinson, Ira (23 April 2003). Not written in stone: Jews, constitutions and constitutionalism in Canada. University of Ottawa Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7766-0545-6. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  19. ^ Kurzweil, Arthur; Weiner, Miriam (February 1991). The Encyclopedia of Jewish Genealogy: Sources in the United States and Canada. J. Aronson. ISBN 978-0-87668-835-9. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  20. ^ "Shaarey Zedek Synagogue". Official web site of Shaarey Zedek Synagogue. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  21. ^ Rotoff, Basil; Yereniuk, Roman; Hryniuk, Stella M. (1 December 1990). Monuments to faith: Ukrainian churches in Manitoba. Univ. of Manitoba Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-88755-621-0. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  22. ^ "Institute for stained glass in Canada". Retrieved November 16, 2011.

External links[edit]