St. Mary Magdalene parish church
|Population||486 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Shabbington is a village and civil parish in the Aylesbury Vale district of Buckinghamshire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) west of Thame in neighbouring Oxfordshire, and 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Aylesbury.
The village is close to the River Thame, which forms much of the southern boundary of the parish and also part of the county boundary with Oxfordshire. The parish has an area of 2,152 acres (871 ha).
The toponym is derived from the Old English for "Scobba's farm". It appears as Sobintone in Domesday Book of 1086 and again in a record from the 14th century. It is spelt Shobindon in records from the 15th and 16th centuries. Until the Victorian era it was alternatively spelt Shobington; it was at about this time that the name changed to its current spelling.
In the reign of Edward the Confessor a Saxon thegn, Wigod of Wallingford, held the manor of Shabbington. In the Norman conquest of England, Wigod supported the invader William of Normandy and afterwards Wigod gave his daughter Ealdgyth in marriage to the Norman baron Robert D'Oyly, who had Wallingford Castle built. Ealdgyth bore D'Oyly no male heir so the D'Oyly estates passed to their daughter Maud or Matilda, and then to her first husband Miles Crispin, who may have been the first castellan of Wallingford Castle. Shabbington remained part of the Honour of Wallingford until the 16th century, when the Wallingford estates became part of the Honour of Ewelme.
After the Norman conquest, Shabbington Manor represented two knight's fees. The tenancy was held by the Valognes family until 1299 when Joan de Valognes, widow of Robert de Grey, alienated the manor in free alms to the Knights Hospitaller of St. John of Jerusalem. Joan held the manor until her death in 1312, but in 1326–29 her grandson and heir John de Grey disputed the Hospitallers' tenure and successfully reclaimed the manor. John de Grey died in 1359 leaving Shabbington to his son John de Grey, 2nd Baron Grey de Rotherfield, to whom the Hospitallers surrendered their claim in 1360. Robert de Grey, 4th Baron Grey de Rotherfield died in 1388 with no male heir, so when his daughter Joan married John, Lord Deyncourt in 1401, Shabbington joined his estate of Wooburn Deyncourt.
In 1466 Shabbington was settled on Sir William Lovel, 7th Baron Morley, who in 1474 released the manor to feoffees including Richard Piggott, who in turn transferred it to other feoffees, of whom the principal was Richard Fowler. Fowler died in 1477; also Richard, was knighted in 1501 and sold Shabbington in 1515–18.
The buyer was John Clerke, who was later knighted and died in about 1540. In 1660 a later John Clerke was made the first Clerke Baronet, of Hitcham, but made Shabbington the main seat of his baronetcy. The manor descended with the baronetcy until Sir John Clerke, 4th Baronet sold Shabbington in 1716.
The buyer was Francis Heywood, whose son William died in 1762. William's two sisters and their nephew John Crewe inherited the manor in 1763. Crewe became sole owner in 1788, succeeded by his widow Elizabeth, who in turn left Shabbington to their son-in-law George Boscawen, 3rd Viscount Falmouth. When the Viscount died in 1808, his Shabbington estate was sold in lots.
William Beasley bought the manor and 446 acres (180 ha) in 1815 and sold them in 1827 to Sir Edward Blount, 8th Baronet, of Sodington, Worcestershire. Shabbington then descended to the 9th and 10th Baronets, and was still in the Blount family in the 1920s.
The nave and chancel of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary Magdalene are 11th century. The chancel windows are the 13th century and the Perpendicular Gothic bell-tower is later medieval. The pulpit is Jacobean and was made in 1626. The present nave windows are Victorian Gothic Revival additions. St. Mary Magdalene's is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of six bells. All except the treble bell were cast in 1718 by Abraham I Rudhall of Gloucester. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the treble bell in 1881. There is also a Sanctus bell cast by Thomas I Mears of Whitechapel in 1794.
The former school room and master's house are now two private homes. The oldest part is timber framed and was built in the 17th century. In the 18th century the three-bay west range was added as the schoolmaster's accommodation and a gothic east window was inserted in the older part of the building. A new schoolroom was added in about 1850.
The Great Bucks Steam and Country Fair is held at Shabbington each summer in early August. The first fair was in 1982 and since then it has been called off only twice, once because of heavy rain and another time because of foot and mouth.
In 2011 there were 21 working steam engines as well as fire engines, motorbikes and vintage cars. 8,000 steam engine fanatics and vintage car enthusiasts came to Shabbington for the fair. The chairman Maria Millan said: "A lot of people travel quite far to get here and like it because it has a local feel and is organised by a family and a few friends."
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics )". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- Bartholomew, John (1887), Gazetteer of the British Isles, retrieved 12 February 2012[permanent dead link]
- Page 1927, pp. 102–104.
- "Shabbington". Genuki. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Pevsner 1960, p. 232.
- Historic England. "Parish Church of St Mary Magdalene (1332552)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- Davies, Peter (11 February 2008). "Shabbington S Mary Magd". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Worminghall with Ickford Oakley and Shabbington". A Church Near You. The Church of England. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- Historic England. "The Old School The School House (1310771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- The Old Fisherman
- Great Bucks Steam and Country Fair
- Thame Today
Sources and further reading
- Page, W.H., ed. (1927). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 102–104.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). Buckinghamshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 232. ISBN 0-14-071019-1.
- Reed, Michael (1979). Hoskins, W.G.; Millward, Roy (eds.). The Buckinghamshire Landscape. The Making of the English Landscape. London: Hodder & Stoughton. p. 251. ISBN 0-340-19044-2.
Media related to Shabbington at Wikimedia Commons