Shabran District

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Orchards north of Gəndov
Orchards north of Gəndov
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabran District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabran District
Country Azerbaijan
Capital Şabran
 • Total 1,090 km2 (420 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 53,000
Zip Code AZ1700
Telephone code (+994) 23[4]

Shabran (Azerbaijani: Şabran) is a district of Azerbaijan. Şabran city is its administrative center.


Greater part of the district is mountainous. The Caspian Sea is located in 12 km from Shabran city. The district borders upon Quba, Khachmaz, Shamakhi and Siazan Districts. Forests occupy 27000 ha in mountainous territories and plains near the Caspian Sea and they are of great importance with its climatic and natural resources for the district. The Shabran and Davachi Rivers flow through the district’s territory, and the Valvalachay and Gilgilchay Rivers flow in northern and southern borders directly to the Caspian Sea. Samur-Davachi lowland has an altitude of -28 m below the world ocean level.[5]

Shabran District is located in the north-east of Greater Caucasus. The district is located near Greater Caucasus Range. There are also mud volcanoes in the territory of the district. Breeds of the Cretaceous, Paleogene and Neogene periods spread in mountainous parts, but breeds of Anthropogenic period spread in low-lying parts. The territory is rich of oil, gas, gravel, sand, clay and other natural resources. Medicinal mineral waters, “Galaalty” sanatorium, high-temperature Khaltan springs are broadly used by the population.

Climate in low-lands and low-mountainous parts is warm and subtropical, but in mountainous is mild cold. Summer of district is dry, amount of annual precipitation is not more than 300-600 mm. Brown mountainous-forest, mountainous-chestnut, light-chestnut soils spread in mountainous, but alkaline, grey, brown and other soils spread in low-lying parts. There are sandstones on the seashore. Vegetation cover consists of bush tangles, rare forest meadows, semi-deserts covered with glades or semi-deserts covered both with glades and saline. The district is rich for its fauna and birds of various species. [6]


Savachi District was formed on August 8, 1930. But in 1963, it was eliminated and included into Absheron District, but in 1965, the district was re-established again. In 1992, new Siazan District was formed on the basis of Davachi District by the order of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan, which included part of Davachi District’s territory. In 2010, Davachi District was renamed to Shabran District.[7]

Part of the Silk Road[edit]

Shabran City is also a historical monument in its way – this is the city through which caravans of “The Great Silk Road” passed and where caravans of camels stayed and rested.[8]


  1. ^ "Şabran rayonu". 
  2. ^ "Şabran rayonu". 
  3. ^ "Şabran rayonu". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 
  4. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015.  (in Azerbaijani)
  5. ^ "Shabran". 
  6. ^ "Девечинский район". 
  7. ^ "Azerbaijani region to be renamed". 
  8. ^ "Девечинский район". 

Coordinates: 41°12′N 49°00′E / 41.200°N 49.000°E / 41.200; 49.000