Shachi

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Shachi
Goddess of Beauty , jealousy and rage .
Shachi
Indra (alias Sakra) and Shachi riding the Divine Elephant Airavata, Folio from a Jain text, Panch Kalyanaka (Five Auspicious Events in the Life of Jina Rishabhanatha), c. 1670 – c. 1680, Painting in LACMA museum, originally from Amber
Affiliation

Adishakti ,

Devi and Matrikas.
Mount Airavata
Personal information
Consort Indra
Children Jayanta, Jayanti, Devasena
Parents Puloman (father)

In Hinduism (specifically, early Vedic accounts), Shachi (Sanskrit: शची; also known as Indrani (queen of Indra), Aindri, Mahendri, Pulomaja and Poulomi is the goddess of beauty; being a source of jealously for long because there was no one who did not long for her, and a daughter of Puloman, an Asura who was killed by Indrani's future husband, Indra. She is one of the seven Matrikas (mother goddesses). She is described as beautiful and having the most beautiful eyes. She is associated with lions and elephants. With Indra, she is the mother of Jayanta, Jayanti, Devasena, and Chitragupta. In Hindu epics, she is also described as "The Endless Beauty".

Goddess Shachi or Indrani is one of the Sapta Matrikas—the seven divine mothers or Saptamatris in Hindu religion. It is said that she has similar characteristics to Indra and the same Vahana or vehicle a white elephant. A puja dedicated to Goddess Aindrani is performed during the Ashada Navratri.

She has a significance in Vedic literature in developing the idea of Shakti which denotes power, the feminine personified might. She gave origin to the concept that female consort, whether she is Parvati or Kali, is the most important Shakti of all, thus becoming the role model for all the goddesses in later period (the Purana has several mentions of this concept).

In the Rig Veda she is described to be very beautiful; one of the hyms in Rig Veda pictures her as jealous of rivals. In the same hymn Shachi also asks the god to rid her of rivals.

It is said that unlike other goddesses, she possess an independent character of her own. Like many goddess wives who are known by their husband's name like Rudrani, Varuni (wife of Varuna), Saranya (wife of Sun), Shachi too is called "Indrani" and "Aindri". Also, Indra is known after his wife's name as well; hence he is often referred as Shachipati—meaning master of shakti/power, or Shachivat (possessor of Shachi).

Shachi is derived from the verb shak or shach—in Vedas, it is said that shakti/Shachi is something a male god possesses, not female, as the goddess itself is shakti.

In the earlier Vedic accounts, Shachi was depicted as a female shadow of Indra. She was, for a short while, considered to be an evil spirit. She was said to be the daughter of a demon; hence she is sometimes referred to as the Goddess of wrath. Then, in later Hindu interpretations, she began personifying jealousy and evil intent, but after a few years, she became an important and highly worshiped Astral Spirit and is worshiped in South India until this day.

According to the Rig Veda, Shachi is considered a most fortunate female for Indra granted her immortality. It is said that he chose her over all of the other goddesses because of Her magnetic attractions.

Shachi is rarely worshipped as an independent deity and is usually part of the Saptamatris.

She is a goddess who, even though from a father of demonish origin, is pure, the most beautiful, kind and the one who was a wonder to many eyes; a source of jealously for long because there was no-one who did not long for her.

As Indra being king of gods - devarāja, Indrani is queen of gods - devarāṇī.

In the socio-mythological TV series Santoshi Maa, it portrays about the enmity between the Goddess of jealousy Poulomi Maa and the Goddess of Satisfaction, peace and contentment Santoshi Maa.

Incarnation[edit]

  1. Panchali

Jain tradition[edit]

In Jain tradition, when a Tirthankara is born, Indra descends with his consort, Shachi, riding their mount, the great elephant Airavata, to celebrate the event.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goswamy 2014, p. 245.

References[edit]

  • Goswamy, B. N. (2014). The Spirit of Indian Painting: Close Encounters with 100 Great Works 1100–1900. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-670-08657-3.

Further reading[edit]