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"Shad" redirects here. For other uses, see Shad (disambiguation).
Alosa fallax.jpg
Twaite shad, Alosa fallax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Subfamily: Alosinae

The Alosinae, or the shads,[1][2][3][4] are a subfamily of fishes in the herring family Clupeidae. The subfamily comprises seven genera worldwide, and about 30 species.[5][2]

The shads are pelagic (open water) schooling fish, of which many are anadromous or even landlocked. Several species are of commercial importance, e.g. in the genus Alosa (river herrings), Brevoortia (menhadens), and Hilsa.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Biodiversity, Status, and Conservation of the World’s Shads American Fisheries Society Symposium Volume (2003)
  2. ^ a b Alosinae ITIS
  3. ^ Peter J.P. Whitehead (1985) Subfamily Alosinae In: Clupeoid Fishes of the World - an annotated and illustrated cataloge of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 7, Part 1. Rome: UNDP FAO.
  4. ^ The Shad Foundation homepage
  5. ^ Distribution of shad species, The Shad Foundation homepage