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Alosa fallax.jpg
Twaite shad, Alosa fallax
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Subfamily: Alosinae

The Alosinae, or the shads,[1][2][3][4] are a subfamily of fishes in the herring family Clupeidae. The subfamily comprises seven genera worldwide, and about 30 species.[5][2]

The shads are pelagic (open water) schooling fish, of which many are anadromous or even landlocked. Several species are of commercial importance, e.g. in the genus Alosa (river herrings), Brevoortia (menhadens), and Hilsa.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Biodiversity, Status, and Conservation of the World’s Shads American Fisheries Society Symposium Volume (2003)
  2. ^ a b Alosinae ITIS
  3. ^ Peter J. P. Whitehead (1985) Subfamily Alosinae[permanent dead link] In: Clupeoid Fishes of the World – an annotated and illustrated catalog of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 7, Part 1. Rome: UNDP FAO.
  4. ^ "The Shad Foundation homepage". Archived from the original on 2008-12-15. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
  5. ^ Distribution of shad species Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine, The Shad Foundation homepage