Shades of red

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Red
 
Color icon red.svg
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength~630–740[1] nm
Frequency~480–405 THz
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF0000
HSV       (h, s, v)(000°, 100%, 100%)
HSL (hslH, hslS, hslL)(000°, 100%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 0, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[2]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel[edit]

In a color proximity sense, a primary color has a color range of 120° (60° on each side of the color's hue) and any color has to be within that range to be considered a variation of that color. Secondary colors have a color range of 60° (30°), tertiary colors have a color range of 30° (15°), quaternary colors have a color range of 15° (7.5°), quinary colors have a color range of 7.5° (3.75°), and so on. Because red is located at a hue angle of 0°/360°, it has a tertiary color range of 15° and 345°, and any color out of this range is more related to orange or rose than red. If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, red appears midway between magenta and yellow, or between rose and orange:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join magenta and yellow (or rose and orange) in an subtractive mixture of red
Red as a tertiary color on the RGB color wheel
  yellow
  orange
  red
  rose

In specific color systems[edit]

Red (RGB/HSL)[edit]

Red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF0000
HSV       (h, s, v)(000°, 100%, 100%)
HSL (hslH, hslS, hslL)(000°, 100%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 0, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[3]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Red (CMYK) (pigment red)[edit]

Red (CMYK) (pigment red)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED1B24
HSV       (h, s, v)(358°, 88%, 93%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(237, 28, 36)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 100, 0)
SourceCMYK
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three subtractive primary colors used in printing

Pigment red is the color red that is achieved by mixing process (printer's) magenta and process (printer's) yellow in equal proportions. This is the color red that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [1].

The purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of colors capable of being reproduced in printing.

Psychedelic art made people used to brighter colors of red, and pigment colors or colored pencils called "true red" are produced by mixing pigment red with a tiny amount of white. The result approximates (with much less brightness than is possible on a computer screen) the electric red shown above.

Red (Crayola)[edit]

Red (Crayola)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#EE204E
HSV       (h, s, v)(347°, 87%, 93[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(238, 32, 77)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 87, 68, 7)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as red in Crayola crayons is displayed at right.

Red was one of the original colors formulated by Crayola in 1903.

Red (Munsell)[edit]

Red (Munsell)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F2003C
HSV       (h, s, v)(345°, 100%, 95[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(242, 0, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 75, 5)
SourceMunsell Color Wheel
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut

The color defined as red in the Munsell color system (Munsell 5R) is shown at right. The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity), spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the elongated oval at an angle shaped Munsell color solid according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, yellow, green, blue, and purple.

The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut.

Red (NCS) (psychological primary red)[edit]

Red (NCS)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C40234
HSV       (h, s, v)(345°, 99%, 77[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(196, 2, 51)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 99, 74, 23)
SourcesRGB approximation to NCS S 1080-R[5]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision

The color defined as red in the NCS or Natural Color System is shown at right (NCS 1080-R). The Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow, green, and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision.

The Natural Color System is widely used in Scandinavia.

Red (Pantone)[edit]

Red (Pantone)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED2839
HSV       (h, s, v)(355°, 83%, 93[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(237, 41, 57)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 83, 76, 7)
SourcePantone TPX[6]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color defined as red in Pantone is displayed at right.

The source of this color is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX) color list, color No. 032M—Red.[7]

Red (RGB)[edit]

Red (RGB)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF0000
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 0, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[8]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
Red, green and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue

The color displayed at right, red (RGB), RGB red, or electric red[citation needed] (as opposed to pigment red, shown above) is the brightest possible red that can be reproduced on a computer monitor. This color is an approximation of an orangish red spectral color. It is one of the three primary colors of light in the RGB color model, along with green and blue. The three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum gamut of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set, at a reasonable expense of power. Portable devices such as mobile phones might have an even narrower gamut due to this purity–power tradeoff and their "red" may be less colorful and more orangish than the standard red of sRGB.

This color is also the color called red in the X11 web colors, which were originally formulated in 1987. It is also called color wheel red. It is at precisely zero (360) degrees on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel (Image of RGB color wheel). Its complementary color is cyan.

Variations of red[edit]

Madder[edit]

Madder
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A50021
HSV       (h, s, v)(348°, 100%, 65%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(165, 0, 33)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 80, 35)
SourceInternet
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color madder. It is named for a dye produced from plants of the genus Rubia.

Brink pink[edit]

Brink pink
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FB607F
HSV       (h, s, v)(348°, 62%, 98%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(251, 96, 127)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 62, 49, 2)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Brink pink
#fb607f

At right is displayed the color brink pink. This color was formulated by Crayola in 1990.

Crimson[edit]

Crimson
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DC143C
HSV       (h, s, v)(348°, 91%, 86%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(220, 20, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 122, 73, 0)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Crimson is a strong, bright, deep red color combined with some blue or violet, resulting in a small degree of purple.

Pink[edit]

Pink
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFC0CB
HSV       (h, s, v)(350°, 25%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 192, 203)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 25, 20, 0)
SourceX11 color names[9]
HTML/CSS[8]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color pink. Besides being a light tint of red, pink is often considered to be a basic color term on its own.

Salmon pink[edit]

Salmon Pink
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF91A4
HSV       (h, s, v)(350°, 43%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 145, 164)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 54, 42, 0)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the pinkish tone of salmon that is called salmon in Crayola crayons.

Nigiri salmon
Nigiri salmon

This color was introduced by Crayola in 1949. See the List of Crayola crayon colors.

Cardinal red[edit]

Cardinal
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C51E3A
HSV       (h, s, v)(350°, 85%, 77%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(196, 30, 58)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 85, 70, 23)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cardinal bird in a tree
Cardinal bird in a tree

Cardinal red, also called cardinal, is a vivid red, which gets its name from the cassocks worn by cardinals. The family of birds takes its name from the color.

Carmine[edit]

Carmine
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#960018
HSV       (h, s, v)(350°, 100%, 59[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(150, 0, 24)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 75, 42, 1)
SourcePourpre.com
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color carmine is a saturated red. In its pigment form it mostly contains the red light with wavelengths longer than 600 nm, i.e. it is close to the extreme spectral red. This places it far beyond standard gamuts (both RGB and CMYK), and its given RGB value is a poor approximation only.

Spanish red[edit]

Rojo
Spanish Red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E60026
HSV       (h, s, v)(350°, 100%, 90%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(230, 0, 38)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 85, 0)
SourceGallego and Sanz[10][11]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish red is the color that is called rojo (the Spanish word for "red") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Rusty red[edit]

Rusty red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DA2C43
HSV       (h, s, v)(352°, 80%, 86[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(218, 44, 67)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 80, 69, 15)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color rusty red is displayed at right. Rusty red is a color formulated by Crayola in 1990 as one of the colors in its Silver Swirls specialty box of metallic colors.

It is a metallic color.

Chocolate cosmos[edit]

Chocolate Cosmos
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#58111A
HSV       (h, s, v)(352°, 80%, 34%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(88, 17, 26)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 81, 70, 65)
Source[citation needed]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Chocolate cosmos, or red cosmos is the color of Cosmos atrosanguineus species.[12]

The color is described as dark red, deep crimson, deeper burgundy, deep red chocolate, as dark hazelnut and velvety maroon.[citation needed]

Rosewood[edit]

Rosewood
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#65000B
HSV       (h, s, v)(353°, 100%, 40%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(101, 0, 11)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 89, 60)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color rosewood is named after rosewood.

The first recorded use of rosewood as a color name in English was in 1892.[13]

Rosewood tree

For a depiction of the wide variety of colors exhibited by actual rosewood, go to the 16 samples of actual rosewood depicted on the following website:[14]

Imperial Red[edit]

Imperial standard of Napoleon I

See also Imperial blue

Imperial Red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED2939
HSV       (h, s, v)(355°, 83%, 93[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(237, 41, 57)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 82, 76, 7)
SourceVexillological[15]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color imperial red.

Imperial red is a representation of the red color of the Imperial Standard of Napoleon I.

The first recorded use of imperial red as a color name in English was in 1914.[16] Note: the RGB values for Pantone red and imperial red are identical.

Cordovan[edit]

Cordovan
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#893F45
HSV       (h, s, v)(355°, 54%, 54%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(137, 63, 69)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 54, 50, 46)
SourcePantone Color Planner[17]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cordovan is a rich medium dark shade of red.

The first recorded use of cordovan as a color name in English was in 1925.[18]

Fire engine red[edit]

Fire engine red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CE2029
HSV       (h, s, v)(357°, 89%, 81%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(206, 32, 41)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 89, 80, 19)
Source[19][dead link]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Fire engine red is an intense, bright red commonly used on emergency vehicles; mostly on fire engines, other associated fire service vehicles, and ambulances.

Rose vale[edit]

Rose vale
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#AB4E52
HSV       (h, s, v)(358°, 54%, 67[20]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(171, 78, 82)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 54, 52, 33)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color rose vale.

The first recorded use of rose vale as a color name in English was in 1923.[21]

Old rose[edit]

Old rose
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C08081
HSV       (h, s, v)(359°, 33%, 75%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(192, 128, 129)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 33, 33, 25)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color old rose, also known as ashes of rose. Ashes of rose was a popular Victorian color. The first recorded use of old rose as a color name in English was in 1892.[22]

Bittersweet shimmer[edit]

Bittersweet shimmer
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BF4F51
HSV       (h, s, v)(359°, 59%, 75[23]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(191, 79, 81)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 59, 58, 25)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color bittersweet shimmer.

Bittersweet shimmer is one of the colors in the special set of metallic Crayola crayons called Metallic FX, the colors of which were formulated by Crayola in 2001.

Although this is supposed to be a metallic color, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a computer.

Light red[edit]

Light red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7F7F
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 50%, 75%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 127, 127)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 50, 50, 0)
SourceX11 color names[9]
HTML/CSS[8]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color light red. Though very similar to pink, this shade of red is roughly 50% lighter than red.

Light coral[edit]

Light Coral
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F08080
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 50%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(240, 128, 128)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 50, 50, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[8]
X11 color names[9]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The web color light coral is a pinkish-light orange color as displayed to the right. It is also a HTML/CSS color name and a X11 color name.

Garnet[edit]

Displayed at right is the color garnet. It can be considered a dark tone of red, with some slight purple tints.

Garnet
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#733635
HSV       (h, s, v)(1°, 54%, 45[24]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(115, 54, 53)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(53, 53, 54, 55)
SourceEncycolorpedia[24]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Garnet gemstone
Garnet gemstone

This color represents the hue of an average garnet gemstone, though garnets can range in color from orange to (very rarely) green. Garnet is the birthstone for those born in January.

Rose ebony[edit]

Rose ebony
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#674846
HSV       (h, s, v)(4°, 32%, 40%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(103, 76, 71)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 30, 32, 60)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color rose ebony.

The first recorded use of rose ebony as a color name in English was in 1924.[25]

Chili red[edit]

Chili red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E23D28
HSV       (h, s, v)(5°, 183%, 125%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(226, 61, 40)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 73, 82, 11)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Red chili peppers on a bush
Red chili peppers on a bush

Chili red is the color of red chili peppers. It is the shade of red used in the flags of Chile and South Africa.

Vermilion[edit]

Vermilion
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E34234
HSV       (h, s, v)(5°, 77%, 89%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(227, 66, 52)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 84, 71, 0)
SourceMaerz and Paul[26]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Vermilion (sometimes spelled vermillion) is both a brilliant red or scarlet pigment, originally made from the powdered mineral cinnabar (see § Cinnabar). It was widely used in the art and decoration of Ancient Rome, in the illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, in the paintings of the Renaissance, as sindoor, an Indian cosmetic powder, and in the art and lacquerware of China.

Misty rose[edit]

Misty rose
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFE4E1
HSV       (h, s, v)(6°, 12%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 228, 225)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 11, 12, 0)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Misty rose
#ffe4e1

At right is displayed the web color misty rose.

This is written as mistyrose in HTML code for computer display.[27]

The color name misty rose first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Turkey red[edit]

Turkey red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A91101
HSV       (h, s, v)(6°, 99%, 66%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(169, 17, 1)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 90, 99, 34)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color Turkey red.

Turkey red is a color that was widely used to dye cotton in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was made using the root of the Rubia plant, through a long and laborious process. It originated in India or Turkey, and was brought to Europe in the 1740s. In France, it was known as rouge d'Andrinople.[28]

Salmon[edit]

Salmon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FA8072
HSV       (h, s, v)(14°, 52%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(250, 128, 114)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 45, 69, 0)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
A fillet of Atlantic salmon
A fillet of Atlantic salmon

The web color salmon is displayed at right.

Sockeye salmon showing distinctive red colouring
Sockeye salmon showing distinctive red colouring

It represents the color of the flesh of an average salmon. However, actual salmon flesh can range in hue from a light pinkish-orange to a bright red (as is the case with sockeye salmon).

Coral pink[edit]

Coral Pink
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F88379
HSV       (h, s, v)(5°, 51%, 97%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(248, 131, 121)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 50, 49, 0)
SourceISCC-NBS[29]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Pink coral
Pink coral

The color coral pink is displayed at right, a pinkish color.[29]

The complementary color of coral pink is teal. The first recorded use of coral pink as a color name in English was in 1892.[30] Late in 2016, the color sample was renamed Coral Red by Pantone, as the RGB, Hex and HTML color table showed the same color as being reddish, standing against popular belief of pinkish.

Still today, some people call Coral Red as Coral Pink due to this old attribution.

Cantaloupe Melon[edit]

A cantaloupe from Australia
Cantaloupe Melon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FDBCB4
HSV       (h, s, v)(7°, 29%, 99[31]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(253, 188, 180)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 26, 91, 1)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color cantaloupe melon.

This color is a representation of the color of the interior flesh of a cantaloupe, the most commonly consumed melon.

The first recorded use of melon as a color name in English was in 1892.[32]

Cantaloupe melon

In 1958, melon was formulated as one of the Crayola colors.

Barn red[edit]

Barn Red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7C0902
HSV       (h, s, v)(4°, 98%, 49[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(124, 10, 2)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 92, 98, 51)
SourceMilk Paint
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color barn red.

A grain elevator barn in Rochester, Michigan
A grain elevator barn in Rochester, Michigan

This is one of the colors on one of the milk paint color lists, paint colors formulated to reproduce the colors historically used on the American frontier and made, like those paints were, with milk. This color is mixed with various amounts of white paint to create any desired shade of the color barn red.[33]

Blood red[edit]

Blood red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#660000
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 40%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(102, 0, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 95, 84, 27)
SourceThom Poole's 2017 book Life of Colour[34]:80
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
A blood stain
A blood stain

The color of blood ranges from crimson to a dark brown-red and may have a slightly orange hue. In the RGB color spectrum, it often consists only of the color red, with no green or blue component; in the CMYK color model blood red has no cyan, and consists only of magenta and yellow with a small amount of black. It is frequently darker than both maroon and dark red.

In China, according to The Language of Color in China,[35] dark blood red is sometimes referred to as "period red".

Tea rose[edit]

Tea rose (red)
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F4C2C2
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 20%, 96%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(244, 194, 194)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 21, 21, 4)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Tea rose
#f4c2c2

At right is displayed the color tea rose. This is the tint of the color that is used in interior design. This color is popular in interior design for painting bedrooms, especially among women.

There is a different color also called tea rose, which is the color of an orange rose called a tea rose.[36] This other color called "tea rose" is displayed in the shades of orange article as tea rose (orange).

The first recorded use of tea rose as a color name in English was in 1884.[37]

Tea rose
Tea rose

Cinnabar[edit]

Cinnabar
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E44D2E
HSV       (h, s, v)(10°, 80%, 89%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(228, 77, 48)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 66, 80, 11)
SourceThom Poole's 2017 book Life of Colour[34][self-published source?]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cinnabar crystals in dolomite
Cinnabar crystals in dolomite

The color cinnabar derives from the mineral of the same name. It is a slightly orange shade of red, with variations ranging from bright scarlet to brick red.

Cornell red[edit]

Cornell red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B31B1B
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 84.9%, 70.2%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(179, 27, 27)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 79, 20)
SourceOfficial Logo
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the university color Cornell red.

Another name for this color is carnelian.

Dark red[edit]

Dark red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 56%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(139, 0, 0)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color dark red.

Fire brick[edit]

Fire brick
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B22222
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 74%, 42%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(178, 34, 34)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 81, 81, 30)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color fire brick.

Indian red[edit]

Indian Red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CD5C5C
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 52%, 75[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(205, 92, 92)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 52, 52, 25)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The name Indian red derives from the red laterite soil found in India, which is composed of naturally occurring iron oxides. The first recorded use of "Indian red" as a color term in English was in 1792.[38]

Lust[edit]

Lust
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E62020
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 86%, 90[39]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(230, 32, 32)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 86, 86, 10)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color lust is displayed at right.

Lust is a rich shade of red.

This color is not mentioned in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul but is found on the 1955 ISCC-NBS color list.

Maroon (HTML/CSS)[edit]

Maroon
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(128, 0, 0)
SourceHTML/CSS[8]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color called maroon in HTML/CSS.

OU crimson[edit]

OU logo
OU Crimson red
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#841617
HSV       (h, s, v)(359°, 83%, 52%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(132, 22, 23)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 65, 34)
SourceOU Brand website
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

OU crimson, along with cream, are the official colors for the University of Oklahoma, and its athletic teams, the Oklahoma Sooners. In the fall of 1895, May Overstreet was asked to chair a committee to select the colors of the university. The committee decided the colors should be crimson and cream and an elaborate display of the colors was draped above a platform before the student body.[40]

OU crimson is also an official color for the National Weather Center.[41]

Penn red[edit]

University of Pennsylvania Red
 
Penn Quakers logo
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#990000
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 60%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(153, 0, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 65, 34)
SourcePenn branding guidelines
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Penn Red is one of the official colors of the University of Pennsylvania, along with Penn Blue. While the school colors were defined by 1910,[42] university history points to earlier times when the colors may have been chosen, including a possible visit by George Washington to the University, where students used the color of his tunic to determine school colors or a track meet where Penn athletes declared that they would wear the colors "of the teams we beat," which would be those of both Harvard University and Yale University.[43] Originally defined as the colors used on the American flag, the colors have since deviated.[42]

Redwood[edit]

Redwood
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A45953
HSV       (h, s, v)(6°, 50%, 64[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(164, 90, 82)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 45, 50, 36)
SourcePantone TPX[44]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color redwood is displayed at right.

The color redwood is a representation of color of the wood of the redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens).

The first recorded use of redwood as a color name in English was in 1917.[45]

A redwood tree
A redwood tree

The source of this color is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX) color list, color #18-1443—Redwood.[7]

Scarlet[edit]

Scarlet
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF2400
HSV       (h, s, v)(8°, 100%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 36, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 86, 100, 0)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Scarlet is a bright red with a slightly orange tinge. According to surveys in Europe and the United States, scarlet and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, force, passion, heat, and joy.[46] In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by cardinals, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice.

Syracuse Orange[edit]

Syracuse Orange
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D44500
HSV       (h, s, v)(9°, 72%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(212, 69, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 79, 100, 0)
SourceSyracuse University[47]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The web color Syracuse Orange is an red-orange color that is branded by Syracuse University. According to its website, Orange was adopted as the University color in 1890. The color was selected after a vote by students, faculty, alumni, and trustees, who noted it was a strong, bright color not claimed by any other school; it was Syracuse University's for the taking. It was chosen to represent the golden apples of Hesperia, as well as the story of the sunrise and hope for a golden future. Syracuse University was the first school to adopt only one official color.

Tomato[edit]

Tomato
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF6347
HSV       (h, s, v)(9°, 72%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 99, 71)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 61, 72, 0)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The web color tomato is a medium reddish-orange color that approximates the color of common supermarket tomatoes. Many vine-ripened tomatoes are a bit redder. The color of tomato soup is slightly less saturated. The color tomato is displayed at right.

A typical tomato

The first recorded use of tomato as a color name in English was in 1891.[48]

When the X11 color names were invented in 1987, the color tomato was formulated as one of them.

Bittersweet[edit]

Bittersweet
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FE6F5E
HSV       (h, s, v)(6°, 63%, 100[49]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(254, 111, 94)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 56, 63, 0)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color bittersweet is displayed at right.

The first recorded use of bittersweet as a color name in English was in 1892.[50]

In 1958, bittersweet was made into a Crayola color. RoseArt calls this color sweetbitter instead of bittersweet.[citation needed]

Jasper[edit]

At right is the color jasper.

It is named for red jasper, the most commonly known form of jasper; however, as with many gemstones, jasper can be found in many colors, from yellow to brown and even green. The color shown at right was formulated by Crayola in 1994 as part of their Gem Tones crayon set.

Jasper
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D05340
HSV       (h, s, v)(8°, 69%, 82%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(208, 83, 64)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 60, 69, 18)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Polished red jasper
Polished red jasper

Rosy brown[edit]

Rosy brown
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BC8F8F
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 24%, 74%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(188, 143, 143)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 24, 24, 26)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight grayish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color rosy brown.

The color name rosy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Rose taupe[edit]

Rose taupe
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#905D5D
HSV       (h, s, v)(0°, 35%, 56%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(144, 93, 93)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 35, 35, 44)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color displayed at right is rose taupe.

The first recorded use of rose taupe as a color name in English was in 1924.[51]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas J. Bruno, Paris D. N. Svoronos. CRC Handbook of Fundamental Spectroscopic Correlation Charts. CRC Press, 2005.
    Color
  2. ^ "CSS Color Module Level 3". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. ^ "CSS Color Module Level 3". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Forret, Peter. "RGB color converter – toolstud.io". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  5. ^ The sRGB values are taken by converting the NCS color 1080-R using the "NCS Navigator" tool at the NCS website.
  6. ^ Type the word "Red" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  7. ^ a b "Search – Find a PANTONE Color". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords. W3C. (May 2003). Retrieved on 16 September 2008.
  9. ^ a b c X11 rgb.txt Archived 2015-11-07 at the Wayback Machine. XFree86. (February 1994). Retrieved on 16 September 2008.
  10. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  11. ^ Gallego, Rose and Sanz, Juan Carlos "Diccionario Akal del color" (2001) Akal ISBN 978-84-460-1083-8
  12. ^ Amamiya, K., & Iwashina, T. (2016). Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Flower Pigments in Chocolate Cosmos, Cosmos atrosanguineus, and its Hybrids. Natural Product Communications, 11(1), 77–78.
  13. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rosewood Page 33 Plate 5 Color Sample J9
  14. ^ "About the classical guitar". Mangore.com. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  15. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called imperial red in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color imperial red is displayed on page 27, Plate 2, Color Sample L11.
  16. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Imperial Red: Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample L11
  17. ^ Shah, David. "Pantone View Color Planner Summer 2007 Key Color Combinations" (PDF). Metropolitan Publishing of Amsterdam. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  18. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 193; Color Sample of Cordovan Page 39 Plate 8 Color Sample H8
  19. ^ "Fire Engine Red". FindTheBest.com. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  20. ^ web.forret.com Color conversion tool set to hex code of color #AB4E52 (Rose Vale):
  21. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color sample of rose vale p. 33 Plate 5 Color Sample K9
  22. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200 Color Sample: Page 31 Plate 4 Color Sample I2
  23. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter – toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  24. ^ a b "Garnet/#733635 Hex Color Code". encycolorpedia.com.
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rose Ebony Page 39 Plate 8 Color Sample E6
  26. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called vermilion in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color vermilion is displayed on page 27, Plate 2, Color Sample L11. It is noted on page 193 that the color cinnabar is another name for the color vermilion.
  27. ^ CSS3 Color Module. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
  28. ^ Lowengard, Sarah (2006). The Creation of Color in Eighteenth-Century Europe. Columbia University Press.
  29. ^ a b "Ca through Cz". ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names. John C. Foster and Texas Precancel Club. 1955. color sample #26. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2010. The ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names is a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps.
  30. ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, Morris Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 193.; color sample of coral pink: page 27, plate 2, color sample F9.
  31. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter – toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  32. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 199; Color Sample of Melon: Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample D10
  33. ^ "Color Palette & Tinting Chart". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  34. ^ a b Thom Poole (2017). Life of Colour. Lulu.com. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-326-65724-6.[self-published source]
  35. ^ Zhou, Jun (2018). The language of color in China. Taylor, Gail. Newcastle upon Tyne. ISBN 978-1527511224. OCLC 1035512873.
  36. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 – McGraw-Hill – Discussion of color tea rose, Page 183
  37. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 183
  38. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994 – Merriam-Webster Page 592
  39. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #E62020 (Lust):
  40. ^ Sooner Tradition – Crimson & Cream Archived 2007-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  41. ^ "College of Atmospheric & Geographic Sciences" (PDF). Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  42. ^ a b "History of Penn Colors". University Archives and Records Center. University Archives and Records Center.
  43. ^ "History and Traditions". University of Pennsylvania Athletics. University of Pennsylvania Athletics. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  44. ^ Type the word "Redwood" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  45. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Redwood: Page 35 Plate 6 Color Sample K11
  46. ^ Eva Heller (2009), Psychologie de la couleur; effets et symboliques, pp. 42–49
  47. ^ "Colors". Syracuse University. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  48. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Tomato: Page 29 Plate 3 Color Sample I12
  49. ^ Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter – toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  50. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Bittersweet: Page 29 Plate 3 Color Sample J12
  51. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rose Taupe Page 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A4