Shadia

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Shadia
Shadia.jpg
Photo ca. 1955–1958
Born Fatma Ahmad Kamal Shaker
(1931-02-08)8 February 1931
Sharqia Governorate, Egypt
Died 28 November 2017(2017-11-28) (aged 86)
Cairo, Egypt
Nationality Egypt Egypt
Spouse(s) Emad Hamdy
(1953–1956)
Aziz Fathi
(1958–1958)
Salah Zulfikar
(1967–1969)

Fatma Ahmed Kamal Shaker (Egyptian Arabic: فاطمة أحمد كمال شاكر‎), better known by her stage name Shadia, (شادية Shādiyya; 8 February 1931 – 28 November 2017) was an Egyptian actress and singer. She was famous for her roles in light comedies and drama in the 1950s and 1960s. She is one of the iconic actresses and singers in Egypt and the middle east region and a symbol of the golden age of Egyptian Cinema. Her movies and songs are greatly influential in the Egyptian and the Arabic cultures. Critics consider her the most important and successful comprehensive Egyptian and Arabic artist of all time. Her first appearance in a film was in Azhar wa Ashwak (Flowers and Thorns), and her last film was La Tas'alni Man Ana (Don't Ask Me Who I Am).[1] She is also known for her patriotic song "Ya Habibti Ya Masr" (Oh Egypt, My Love) and her breakthrough leading role in the Egyptian movie "Al Maraa Al Maghoula" (The Unknown Woman).[2] Six of her movies are listed in the top 100 Egyptian movies of the 20th century. In April 2015, she became the first actress to be awarded an honorary doctorate by the Academy of Arts (Egypt). She was given the nickname "Idol of the Masses" following her successful movie "Maaboudat El Gamaheer" (Idol of the Masses). Other notable nicknames include "The Guitar of the Arabic Singing" (Egyptian Arabic: قيثارة الغناء العربى‎) and "The Golden Guitar" (Egyptian Arabic: القيثارة الذهبية‎).

Early life[edit]

Born as "Fatma Ahmed Kamal Shaker; فاطمة أحمد شاكر" in 1931, in the Sharqia Governorate, in Egypt. Shadia was from a family of Turkish origin.[3][4][5][6][1] She had five sisters and brothers. She was the youngest of her sisters and the second youngest among all her siblings. Since her childhood, Shadia loved to sing and was encouraged to pursue music at primary school. Moreover, she began acting at the age of fifteen. Shadia was the voice of Egypt during hard and war times, she was famous of her Egyptian patriotic songs, especially "Ya Habibti Ya Masr" (Oh Egypt, My Love) and "Aqwa Mn El Zaman" (Stronger Than Time). She participated in many operettas along with other notable Egyptian and Arabic singers about Egypt and the Arab world including: "Al Watan Al Akbar" (The Great Nation), "El Geel El Sa'ed" (The Rising Generation), and "Soot El Gamaheer" (The Voice of the Masses).

Career[edit]

Shaker was given the stage name "Shadia" by herself following the name of a newborn of one of her family's friends. In her heyday during the 1950s and 1960s, Shadia acted in numerous melodramas, romance, and comedy films. However, it was her musical talent as a singer that established Shadia as one of the most important Egyptian cinema stars of her era.[7]

Overall, as "Shadia", she performed in more than 100 films.[7] She starred in more than 30 films with the actor Kamal El Shennawy, and sang opposite Farid El Atrash and Abdel Halim Hafez, such as in "Ma'boudat El Gamaheer" (The People's Idol, 1967). She also appeared with Faten Hamama in "Mawe'd Ma'a El Hayah" (An Appointment with Life, 1954), and in "El Mar'a El Maghola" (The Unknown Woman, 1959) she played the role of Fatma in a heavy melodrama. Other notable films she starred in include "El les we El Kelab" (The Thief and the Dogs, 1962) and in her comedy roles in films "El Zouga raqam 13" (Wife Number 13, 1962) and "Meraty Modeer A'am" (My Wife the General Manager, 1966).[7] Indeed, Shadia was often cast in cunning and cheeky roles, however, she also played serious roles, such as in "El Tareeq" (The Road, 1964), and in the stage version of "Raya and Sakina", which was based on the true story of two Alexandrian serial killers and directed by Hussein Kamal (1953).[7]

Shadia also produced two films, and also appeared in several films in Japan.

Upon returning from the premiere of "Raya and Sakina", Shadia stated that she gave serious thought that night to the idea of repentance. The following morning, she informed her producers that she wanted no part in the play from then on, but eventually promised to finish her work when they insisted that she do so. Thereafter, Shadia retired from the film and music industry, and went on a Umrah to Mecca, where she met the popular Egyptian Azhari scholar Sheikh El Shaarawy. Her meeting with El-Shaarawy influenced Shadia to reach her final decision to start wearing the hijab.[8]

After almost 25 years of her retirement, Shadia's song "Ya Habibti Ya Masr" (Oh Egypt, My love) became an anthem of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.[9]

Illness and death[edit]

Shadia was hospitalized on 4 November 2017 after suffering a massive stroke in Cairo. She was placed under intensive care.[10] Her nephew, Khaled Shaker, said during a televised phone conversation that she recovered from the stroke and could identify her relatives and the people around her. He added, however, that her illness was complicated by pneumonia, despite her recovery.[11] Shadia's condition stabilized on 9 November,[10] and President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi visited her that day at Al-Galaa Hospital. Shaker later said that the first words she spoke after recovering were "I want to go home", but had speech difficulties in general.[12]

On 28 November, Shadia died from respiratory failure caused by the pneumonia.[13]

Filmography[edit]

Release year Arabic title
1947 Azhar wa Ashwak (أزهار و أشواك)
1947 Al 'Aql fy Agaza (العقل في اجازة)
1947 Hamamat al Salam (حمامات السلام)
1948 'Adl al Sama (عدل السماء)
1948 Al Roh wal Gasad (الروح و الجسد)
1949 Kalam al Nas (كلام الناس)
1949 Nadia (ناديه)
1949 Sahebat al Malaleem (صاحبة الملاليم)
1949 Laylat al Eid (ليلة العيد)
1950 Al Batal (البطل)
1950 Sa'a li Qalbak (ساعة لقلبك)
1950 Al Zoga al Sab'a (الزوجة السابعة)
1950 Ma'lesh ya Zahr (معلش يا زهر)
1950 Zalamoony al Nas (ظلموني الناس)
1950 Ayam Shababy (أيام شبابي)
1951 Mashghool b Ghery (مشغول بغيري)
1951 Laylat al Henna (ليلة الحنة)
1951 Al Sab'e Afandy (السبع أفندي)
1951 Sama'et al Telephone (سماعة التليفون)
1951 Fel Hawa Sawa (في الهوى سوى)
1951 Asefa fel Rabee' (عاصفة في الربيع)
1951 Al Qafela Taseer (القافلة تسير)
1951 Awlady (أولادي)
1951 Hamaty Qonbela Zareya (حماتي قنبلة زرية)
1951 Ashky li Meen (أشكي لمين)
1951 Al Donya Helwa (الدنيا حلوة)
1951 Al Sabr Gameel (الصبر جميل)
1951 Qatr al Nada (قطر الندى)
1952 Amaal (آمال)
1952 Al Omm al Qatela (الأم القاتلة)
1952 Beit al Nattash (بيت النتاش)
1952 Ghadab al Waledain (غضب الوالدين)
1952 Al Hawa Maloosh Dawa (الهوى ملوش دوا)
1952 Boshret Kheir (بشرة خير)
1952 Qaleel al Bakht (قليل البخت)
1952 Bent al Shate' (بنت الشاطئ)
1952 Qaddem al Kheir (قدم الخير)
1952 Hayati Enta (حياتي انت)
1952 Zalamt Rohy (ظلمت نفسي)
1952 Ghaltet Abb (غلطة اب)
1952 Yasqot al Este'mar (يسقط الاستعمار)
1953 Hazzak Haza al Esboo' (حظك هذا الاسبوع)
1953 Ana wa Habeeby (انا و حبيبي)
1953 Eshhado ya Nas (اشهدوا يا ناس)
1953 Bein Qalbein (بين قلبين)
1953 Kalemat Haq (كلمات حق)
1953 Lesanak Hosanak (لسانك حصانك)
1953 Bae'at al Khobz (بائعة الخبز)
1953 Al Less al Shareef (اللص الشريف)
1953 Maleesh Had (ماليش حد)
1954 Maw'ed Ma' el Hayah (موعد مع الحياة)
1954 Aqwa Men al Hob (أقوى من الحب)
1954 Moghamarat Ismail Yassin (مغامرات اسماعيل ياسين)
1954 Ana al Hob (انا الحب)
1954 Banat Hawa' (بنات حواء)
1954 Bent el Geran (بنت الجيران)
1954 Sharaf al Bent (شرف البنت)
1954 Al Zolm Haram (الظلم حرام)
1954 Ew'a Tefakar (إوعى تفكر)
1954 Elhaqoony bel Ma'zoon (الحقونى بالمأذون)
1954 El Setat Maye'rafoosh Yekdebo (الستات مايعرفوش يكدبوا)
1954 Layla men Omry (ليلة من عمري)
1955 Lahn al Wafa' (لحن الوفاء)
1955 Shate' al Zekrayat (شاطئ الذكريات)
1956 Shabab Emra'a (شباب امرأة)
1956 Wada' fel Fagr (وداع في الفجر)
1956 Rabee' al Hob (ربيع الحب)
1956 Oyoon Sahrana (ٌعيون سهرانة)
1956 Dalila (ٌدليلا)
1957 Lawahez (لواحظ)
1957 Enta Habibi (انت حبيبي)
1958 Hob men Nar (حب من نار)
1958 Ghaltet Habibi (غلطة حبيبي)
1958 Al Hareba (الهاربة)
1958 Qoloob al 'Azara (قلوب العذارى)
1959 Erham Qalby (إرحم قلبي)
1959 'Esh al Gharam (عش الغرام)
1959 Al Mar'a al Maghoola (المرأة المجهولة)
1960 Law'at al Hob (لوعة الحب)
1960 Ma'an Ila al Abad (معاً إلى الأبد)
1961 La Tazkoreeny (لا تذكريني)
1961 Al Telmeeza (التلميذة)
1962 Al Zawga Raqam 13 (الزوجة رقم 13)
1962 Ensa al Donya (إنسى الدنيا)
1962 Emra'a fy Dawama (امرأة في دوامة)
1962 Al Less wal Kelab (اللص و الكلاب)
1962 Al Mo'geza (المعجزة)
1963 'Ala Defaf al Nile (على ضفاف النيل)
1963 Al Qahera fel Layl (القاهرة في الليل)
1963 Zoqaq al Madaq (زقاق المدق)
1963 Montaha al Farah (منتهى الفرح)
1964 Alf Layla wa Layla (ألف ليلة و ليلة)
1964 Al Tareeq (الطريق)
1965 Aghla men Hayati (أغلى من حياتي)
1966 Meraty Modeer 'Am (مراتي مدير عام)
1967 Ma'boodat al Gamaheer (محبوبة الجماهير)
1967 Karamet Zawgaty (كرامة زوجتي)
1968 'Afreet Meraty (عفريت مراتي)
1969 Shay' Men al Khawf (شيء من الخوف)
1969 Nos Sa'a Gawaz (نص ساعة جواز)
1969 Miramar (ميرامار)
1970 Khayat lel Sayedat (خياط للسيدات)
1970 Nahno La Nazra' al Shawk (نحن لا نزرع الشوك)
1971 Lamset Hanan (لمسة حنان)
1972 Adwa' al Madeena (أضواء المدينة)
1973 Zat al Waghain (ذات الوجهين)
1974 Emra'a 'Asheqa (امرأة عاشقة)
1974 Al Hareb (الهارب)
1974 Raghabat Mamnoo'a (رغبات ممنوعة)
1976 Amwag Bela Shate' (امواج بلا شاطئ)
1979 Al Shak Ya Habibi (الشك يا حبيبي)
1981 Wady al Zekrayat (وادي الذكريات)
1984 La Tas'alny Man Ana (لا تسألني من انا)
Source:[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b فاطمة أحمد كمال شاكر أو شادية هي بطلة أول فيلم مصري ياباني.. معلومات قد لا تعرفها عن "دلوعة السينما المصرية", Nogoum FM, 2017, retrieved 30 November 2017 
  2. ^ Shadia, The Beloved Egyptian Singer and Actress passes away 
  3. ^ Landau, Jacob M. (2016), Studies in the Arab Theater and Cinema, Routledge, p. 190, ISBN 1317246276, Shadiya deserves some mention. Born to a family of Turkish origin, she was a cabaret singer whose rise on the screen was meteoric... 
  4. ^ Hammond, Andrew (2005), Pop Culture Arab World!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle, ABC-CLIO, p. 137, ISBN 1851094490, she [Hind Rustum] was one of a group of actresses known for their exotic foreign looks, including half-Hungarian Mariam Fakhreddin, half-polish Nadia Lutfy, and Turkish Shadia. 
  5. ^ Shadia leaves hospital after health condition stabilizes, Egypt Independent, 2017, Shadia, of Turkish origin, became famous in the 1950s and 1960s for her roles in Egyptian light comedies and dramas and has since been loved by young and old Egyptians alike. 
  6. ^ Actress Sahdia admitted to intensive care suffering from brain stroke, Daily News Egypt, 2017, with the name of Fatma Ahmed Shaker, she was born in Sharqiya governorate in 1931 with Turkish origins. at the age of thirteen, she stepped her first foot at the journey she had taken in the cinema industry, which lasted for 37 years, 
  7. ^ a b c d Ginsberg, Terri; Lippard, Chris (2010), "Shadia (1931-)", Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Cinema, Scarecrow Press, p. 360., ISBN 0810873648 
  8. ^ Ghaleb, Ghada (9 July 2015). "فنانات تائبات: شادية ترتدي الحجاب بعد وفاة والدها وشقيقيها.. والشعراوي ينصحها بالابتعاد عن أصدقاء الشيطان (ح 2) [Repented actresses: Shadia wears the hijab following the deaths of her father and brother.. Shaarawy advises her to avoid Satan's friends (p. 2)]". Al-Masry Al-Youm. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  9. ^ Shereen Hafidh The big names who left us in 2017: Loved or unloved, they left their mark on the Arab world, The National, December 30, 2017
  10. ^ a b "Iconic singer Shadia's health condition stable: syndicate official". Egypt Independent. November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  11. ^ "فيديو التفاصيل الكاملة لحالة شادية الصحية.. تواجه أزمة جديدة [Video with full details of Shadia's medical condition.. She's facing new problems]". Hia. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  12. ^ "ماهي أول كلمات شادية بعد استعادة وعيها من جلطة دماغية؟ [What were Shadia's first words after recovering from a stroke?]". Al Arabiya. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  13. ^ "التهاب رئوي تسبب بوفاة شادية [Pneumonia cause of Shadia's death]". 24.ae. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  14. ^ Qassem, Mahmoud (1999). دليل الممثل العربي في سينما القرن العشرين [Guide to the Arab Actor of 20th Century Cinema]. Arab Nile Group. p. 107. ISBN 9775919029. 

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