HESA Shafaq

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Role Trainer / Attack aircraft
National origin Iran
Manufacturer Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company
Designer Aviation University Complex
First flight 2017 (forecast)
Status Prototype
Primary user Iran
Number built One prototype
Developed from M-ATF

The HESA Shafaq or Shafagh (Persian: هواپیمای شفق‎, "Twilight" or "Aurora") is an Iranian subsonic stealth aircraft project being developed by the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA).[1]


According to reports, the Shafaq will be a subsonic aircraft, but this might be changed. Additionally, Iranian Officials have reported that the Shafaq will have a skin of radar-absorbing material.[2]

This two-seat advanced training and attack aircraft appears to be based[3] on the Russian-Iranian "Project Integral" and are fitted with Russian ejection seats. Reportedly, there are plans to produce three versions—one two-seat trainer/light strike version and two one-seat fighter-bomber versions.[1]

The Shafaq is designed by the Aviation University Complex (AUC), part of the Malek-Ashtar University of Technology (MUT). At the start of the program, Iran received help from Russia[3] and the aircraft was known as Integral. Russia later backed away from this project for several reasons[citation needed] and Iran carried on the project by itself renaming it Shafaq. The Shafaq is designed as a sub-sonic aircraft,[3] and made of radar-absorbing material. It has a large leading edge root extension (LERX) and a root aft of the wing which gives it an unusual circular sub-section.[1]

A 1/7 scale model of the Shafaq has already completed testing in the AUC's wind tunnel and pictures have already been revealed which show that a full-scale model has already been built.[3] The Shafaq will be built in different configurations including a two-seater trainer, a two-seater light Attack and a one-seater light attack variants. Roll-out of the first prototype was scheduled for 2008.[2] The Shafaq's advanced cockpit features color MFDs and a Russian-made K-36D ejection seat.

According to AIO (Aerospace Industries Organisation), the aircraft that will be flight tested during 2017 and will have twin, outwardly canted vertical fins. This type of a tail design has become a favoured aerodynamic feature of Iranian designers that dates back to the development of the reverse-engineered Iranian version of the Northrop F-5, the HESA Saeqeh.[4]


Data from Trend[5]

General characteristics



  • Sattar, Shahbaz, Fatter missiles

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c "Shafaq". globalsecurity. 
  2. ^ a b . ainonline https://web.archive.org/web/20080226045858/http://www.ainonline.com/airshow-convention-news/dubai-air-show/single-publication-story/browse/0/article/iran-struggles-to-field-a-fighter/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bmode%5D=1. Archived from the original on February 26, 2008.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ a b c d Larkins Dsouza (September 22, 2007). "Shafaq- Iranian Stealth Plane". defenceaviation. 
  4. ^ "Iranian Shafaq jet trainer nears prototype testing | IHS Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Retrieved 2017-03-15. 
  5. ^ "Iran unveiled new indigenous fighter jet". Trend. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 

External links[edit]