Shafie Apdal

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Shafie Apdal
شافعي أفضل
Shafie Apdal.jpg
15th Chief Minister of Sabah
In office
12 May 2018 – 29 September 2020
GovernorJuhar Mahiruddin
DeputyChristina Liew
Jaujan Sambakong
Wilfred Madius Tangau
Preceded byMusa Aman
Succeeded byHajiji Noor
ConstituencySenallang
Ministerial roles
1995–1999Parliamentary Secretary of Information
1999Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government
1999–2004Deputy Minister of Defence
2004–2008Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumerism
2008–2009Minister of National Unity, Arts, Culture and Heritage
2009–2015Minister of Rural and Regional Development
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
1995–2016Barisan Nasional
2016–Heritage Party (WARISAN)
Faction represented in Sabah State Legislative Assembly
2018–Heritage Party (WARISAN)
Personal details
Born
Mohd. Shafie bin Apdal

(1956-10-20) 20 October 1956 (age 66)
Semporna, Crown Colony of North Borneo (now Sabah, Malaysia)
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyUnited Sabah National Organisation (USNO) (1983–1995)
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (1995–2016)
Heritage Party (WARISAN) (2016–present)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (BN) (1983-2016)
Pakatan Harapan (Since 2016)
SpouseShuryani Shuaib
Children6
EducationSabah College
Victoria Institution
Alma materNorth Staffordshire Polytechnic (BEc)
OccupationPolitician
Signature

Datuk Seri Panglima Mohd Shafie bin Apdal (Jawi: محمد شافعي بن أفضل; born 20 October 1956) is a Malaysian politician who has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Semporna since April 1995, State Leader of the Opposition of Sabah since September 2020 and Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Senallang since May 2018. He served as the 15th Chief Minister and the State Minister of Finance of Sabah from May 2018 to September 2020,[1] Minister of Rural and Regional Development from April 2009 to July 2015 and Vice-President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He has served as the 1st and founding President of Heritage Party (WARISAN), the opposition party that is aligned with the Pakatan Harapan (PH) opposition coalition, since October 2016. He lost the power as Chief Minister of Sabah following the defeat of his coalition WARISAN + in the 2020 state election.

Early life and education[edit]

Mohd. Shafie bin Apdal was born in 1956 in Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia into a Bajau family.[2] He is the nephew of Sakaran Dandai, who was the eighth Chief Minister of Sabah and its former governor as well.[3]

Shafie completed his secondary education in Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur (but attended Sabah College, Kota Kinabalu for his middle school). He has a Diploma in Shipping Management from the London Business College (not to be confused with the London Business School). In 1992, he received his Bachelor in Economics (Hons) from North Staffordshire Polytechnic, England.[4]

Political career[edit]

Shafie started his political career with the United Sabah National Organisation (USNO). The party dissolved in 1994, and Shafie joined UMNO, which was then only starting to gain a presence in the state. In 1995 he was elected to federal Parliament as an UMNO member, for the seat of Semporna.[5] He was appointed a parliamentary secretary before becoming Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government in 1999. From 1999 to 2004, he was Deputy Minister for Defence.

After the 2004 election, he was appointed Minister of Domestic, Trade and Consumer Affairs in Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's Cabinet and was later given the Ministry of Unity, Culture, Arts and Heritage. On 10 April 2009, he became the Minister of Rural and Regional Development in the first Cabinet of Prime Minister Najib Razak. This coincided with his election to one of the party's three vice-presidential posts, polling in third place behind Ahmad Zahid Hamidi and Hishammuddin Hussein.[5] He was re-elected as an UMNO vice-president in 2013, this time polling in second place, behind Ahmad Zahid and ahead of Hishammuddin.[6] He is the first Sabahan to hold a vice-presidency of UMNO.[7]

On 28 July 2015, Shafie was removed in the Cabinet reshuffle by Najib thus losing his rural and regional development portfolio.[8] Following this, he formed a new Sabah-based opposition party known as WARISAN that was approved by Registrar of Societies (RoS) on 17 October 2016.[9][10]

Appointment as a Chief Minister[edit]

In the 2018 general election, Shafie's party of WARISAN together with the coalition of Pakatan Harapan (PH) are tied up with 29-29 seats with BN in the 2018 Sabah state election.[11] Jeffrey Kitingan with his party of Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR) under the United Sabah Alliance (USA) which are not aligned from either the two sides, has won two seats in the election and subsequently emerged as the decision maker for the formation of a state government from the two sides.[12] Jeffrey then decide to team up with the BN to form coalition state government with him appointed as a Deputy Chief Minister after Shafie Apdal the president of WARISAN disagreed to Jeffrey's permission to make Sabah's IC and solving the Illegal Immigrant issues in Sabah. Jeffrey Kitingan became the Deputy Chief Minister while Musa Aman from BN to become the Chief Minister for another 5 years under the new coalition government (Coalition of BN-GBS).[13] However, situation change when six seats assemblymen from the BN allied parties of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO) and United Sabah People's Party (PBRS) switched their allegiance to WARISAN, giving Shafie an advantage with 35 seats which is sufficient to establish a valid state government.[14] Earlier, Musa Aman had already sworn in as Chief Minister following the help of two seats from STAR. This situation left Sabah with two ruling Chief Ministers, the second in its history since the dispute between PBS and USNO in 1980s. The results of this events sparks a constitutional crisis in Sabah, and the need to review and change the current constitution so as to curb the "allegiance switching" of assemblymen, after the swearing-in ceremony of the chief minister.[15] Another four seats assemblymen from BN allied parties of UMNO and UPKO switching their allegiance to WARISAN on 13 May 2018.[16][17] The Yang di-Pertua Negeri Juhar Mahiruddin also had requested for Musa to step down,[18][19] despite Musa still stressing that he still the rightful Chief Minister.[20] Musa was then issued a letter from the TYT that he is no longer the Chief Minister effective from 12 May 2018 that was delivered into his residence on 14 May 2018.[21][22] On 7 November, the high court in Kota Kinabalu decided that Shafie remained the legitimate Chief Minister of Sabah and dismissed a suit made by Musa who claimed his dismissal as chief minister was illegal and against the state constitution.[23][24][25]

On 30 July 2020, upon the political manoeuvring in Sabah, he announced that the Yang di-Pertua Negeri Juhar Mahiruddin had agreed to dissolve the Sabah State Legislative Assembly to hold a state election in his audience with Juhar.

On 27 September 2020, his party lost its majority in the Sabah Election to the Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (GRS) led by Datuk Seri Panglima Hajiji Noor. This makes Datuk Seri Panglima Hajiji Noor as new Chief Minister of Sabah.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Shuryani Shuaib and has six children.[26]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia[27][28]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1995 P164 Semporna, Sabah Shafie Apdal (UMNO) 17,006 78.03% Sabardin Ombrah (PBS) 4,788 21.97% 22,197 12,218 66.59%
1999 Shafie Apdal (UMNO) 18,570 77.98% Abdul Rahim (IND) 5,245 22.02% 24,155 13,325 58.48%
2004 P189 Semporna, Sabah Shafie Apdal (UMNO) 15,215 76.25% Madjalis Lais (IND) 1,896 9.50% 20,918 13,319 61.94%
Aldani Landi (IND) 1,286 6.44%
Nuraidah Abdul Salleh (IND) 816 4.09%
Abdul Wahab Abdullah (PKR) 740 3.71%
2008 Shafie Apdal (UMNO) 19,419 90.84% Abd Azis Abd Hamid (PKR) 1,957 9.16% 22,209 17,462 63.07%
2013 Shafie Apdal (UMNO) 25,559 83.70% Zamree @ Mohd Suffian Abd Habi (PKR) 4,654 15.24% 31,595 20,905 76.04%
Datu Badaruddin Mustapha (IND) 325 1.06%
2018 Shafie Apdal (WARISAN) 26,809 80.20% Ramlee Marahaban (UMNO) 6,135 18.35% 34,613 20,674 71.74%
Abdul Nasir Raup (PAS) 384 1.15%
Asmara Asmad (PHRS) 98 0.29%
2022 Shafie Apdal (WARISAN) Arastam Pandorog (PKR)
Nixon Abdul Habi (SABAH BERSATU)
Ab Rajik Ab Hamid (PEJUANG)
Sabah State Legislative Assembly[29]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2018 N53 Senallang, P189 Semporna Shafie Apdal (WARISAN) 7,754 75.97% Nasir Sakaran (UMNO) 2,453 24.03% 10,514 5,301 73.02%
2020 N65 Senallang, P189 Semporna Shafie Apdal (WARISAN) 6,363 77.16% Norazman Utoh Naim (BERSATU) 1,732 21.01% 8,246 4,631 57.52%
Mohammad Razman Abdu Wahab (USNO Baru) 61 0.74%
Mad Jalie Lais (PCS) 51 0.62%
Pangiran Ahmad Ali Alam (PPRS) 39 0.47%

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shafie to hold Finance Minister post temporarily". The Borneo Post. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Sokong saya bukan kerana saya orang Bajau - Shafie Apdal". Astro AWANI. 17 November 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  3. ^ "GE13: Shafie Apdal is 'village Minister' in Semporna". ABN News. 18 April 2013. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Mohd Shafie Apdal, Semporna boy makes good". Bernama. 12 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Ahmad Zahid, Hishammuddin, Shafie Win Umno Veep Posts". Bernama. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Zahid, Shafie and Hishamuddin maintain positions". Astro Awani. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  7. ^ Muguntan Vanar (17 September 2013). "Shafie thanks Musa Aman for staying out of Umno elections". The Star. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Shafie Apdal axed in Cabinet shakeup". The Malay Mail. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Shafie's Party Name, Logo Approved, To Be Called 'Parti Warisan Sabah'". New Straits Times. Malaysian Digest. 17 October 2016. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. ^ "Parti Warisan Sabah is new name of Shafie-led party". Bernama. The Sun. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Muguntan Vanar; Fatimah Zainal (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah sees intense political horse-trading". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  12. ^ Alyaa Azhar (10 May 2018). "Hung assembly in Sabah, Star to be kingmaker". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  13. ^ Chok Simyee (10 May 2018). "Jeffrey forms pact with BN to form coalition state government". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  14. ^ Avila Geraldine; Norasikin Daineh (11 May 2018). "Warisan now has 35 seats, enough to form state government: Shafie [NSTTV]". New Straits Times. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Sabah having two CMs sparks constitutional crisis?". The Borneo Post. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  16. ^ Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Empat lagi ADUN BN sertai Mohd Shafie?" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  17. ^ Fatimah Zainal (14 May 2018). "Two more Upko reps join Shafie". The Star. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  18. ^ Rodelio Junjun Taucan (12 May 2018). "Tun Juhar arah Musa letak jawatan". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). Archived from the original on 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  19. ^ Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Warisan tidak akan sama dengan UMNO - Shafie Apdal" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  20. ^ Fatimah Zainal (13 May 2018). "Musa Aman: I'm still the Chief Minister". The Star. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Istana serah surat kepada Musa" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 14 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  22. ^ Samantha Khor (14 May 2018). "[BREAKING] Musa Aman Is No Longer Chief Minister Of Sabah". Says.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  23. ^ Muguntan Vanar; Stephanie Lee (7 November 2018). "Court rules Shafie is the legitimate Sabah Chief Minister". The Star. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  24. ^ Sean Lim (7 November 2018). "It's official – court says Shafie is the legitimate Sabah Chief Minister". Business Insider Singapore. Archived from the original on 21 May 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  25. ^ Nadirah H. Rodzi (7 November 2018). "Shafie Apdal, not Musa Aman, is legitimate Sabah chief minister, court rules". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  26. ^ Noor Fazrina Kamal (7 August 2009). "Shuryani berpuisi sejak remaja". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018. Buku tersebut akan diberi tajuk Dirimu Diriku dan Reflection of Life. Ia juga didedikasikan kepada pencinta seni yang mahu berkongsi pengalaman yang saya lalui," jelas ibu kepada enam cahaya mata ini.
  27. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout (including votes for candidates not listed).
  28. ^ "Sabah [Parliament Results]". The Star. Archived from the original on 17 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  29. ^ "N53 Senallang". Malaysiakini. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Datuk Seri title for Perlis MB". Bernama. The Star. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  31. ^ "Highest state award for eight". Sandra Sokial. Borneo Post. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  32. ^ "Implementation of project to be expedited". Marilyn Ten. Borneo Post. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2018.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Sabah
2018–2020
Succeeded by