The surname like various other Indian surnames was also adopted by various other people. The Shah surname is adopted by the trade communities (The Banias/Vanias ) in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states.The Shah/Sah surname is also used by Gond community in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Banias include the Jains and the Vaishnavas. It was widely used by the Jains even outside of Gujarat and Rajasthan, for example in Delhi/Haryana (see Nattal Sahu), Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh (see Sahu Jain) and Maharashtra, India.
The Hindi word 'Shahukara', meaning banker, is derived from Sahu (Sanskrit "Sadhu") and kar (Sanskrit for doer).
Shah, a different last name, derived from the Persian word "Shah", is a surname found among the Iranian peoples of Central Asia, Afghanistan and parts of Pakistan.Cite error: A
<ref> tag is missing the closing
</ref> (see the help page). ) and Prakrit Sahu, while the actual spelling "Shah" in Western culture was popularized by the title of the former Persian King. As a result, especially in Western culture, use of the spelling "Shah" has become far more pronounced than the other variants. The word Sadhu/Sahu is also separately used to indicate a Jain monk. See Namokar Mantra.
In the Gujarat and Rajasthan region, the surname Shah derives from the vernacular sah (from Sanskrit Sadhu, "merchant"). The surname appears to have been altered under the influence of the Persian word for "king" (Shah) or its variants.
In numerous 12-13th century inscriptions the shravaka who installed the image, is given the title "Sahu".
- A 12th century Jain altarpiece in Los Angeles County Museum of Art mentions Grahapati Sadhu Kundha
- Vibudh Shridhar mentions his patron Nattal Sahu, a 12th-century merchant prince in Delhi.
- From Gwalior: Here both Sah and Sadhu have been used in the 1510 inscription.
- From Ahar, Madhya Pradesh: " Samvat 1210 vaishakha sudi 13 grahpatyanvayae sahu shrisadhu bharya mana tayoh .. ete paNamanti nityam."
Here the word Sahu is equivalent to the Sanskrit word "sadhu". Some inscriptions use "sadhu" itself :
- From Bahuriband (Katni, MP): "Svasti shri samvat 1070 phalgunavadi ...
madhavannandinugrahitah sadhu-shri sarvadharah .."
The word Sadhu here does not mean a monk but a "gentleman". Some inscriptions abbreviate sahu by just "sa" just like the abbreviation in English, "Mr."
Shah may also relate to the Chands of Gorakhpur who were sent to Nepal as a punishment after the martyring of Bandhu Singh of tarkulha devi
They were given the Zamindari of 52 villages which they named as Shivraj (now Kapilvastu) they had good relationship with the Taluqdars of Oudh and had held important posts in Nepal's durbar Shri Gaya Prasad Shah - Former minister Ministry of Food and Supplement Shri Shiv Pratap Shah - Former deputy speaker of the Jan Sabha and Former Minister Ministry of Finance Dr. Rudra Pratap Shah - Royal Advisor Shri Raghavendra Pratap Shah - Former Minister, Ministry of Telecommunications Shri Ajay Pratap Shah - Former Member of Parliament Shri Abhay Pratap Shah - Former Chairman , Krishna nagar VdC , Kapilvastu Shri Abhishek Pratap Shah- Former Member of Constituent Assembly and Member of Parliament
In some business communities, genealogies are recited during marriages, where all ancestors would be respectfully called "sahu". The term "sahukari"means the profession of banking/trading. In the Bundelkhand Jain community, the father-in-law (or son's/daughter's father-in-law) used to be called "sahaji". Thus the words "Shah" etc. all indicate a respected member of the mercantile community. Today it is used by Gujarati business communities.
People with the surname
This list includes people with both the Indian surname Shah and the surname of Persian origin meaning king. Notable people with the surname include:
- Amit Shah , BJP President, India
- Gyanendra of Nepal, Nepalese monarch from the house of Shah dynasty
- Birendra Shah, Nepalese monarch from the house of Shah dynasty
- Prithivi Narayan Shah, Nepalese monarch from the house of Shah dynasty
- Bulleh Shah alias Syed Abdullah Shah (c. 1680 – c. 1758), Punjabi Sufi poet
- Eddy Shah, Manchester-based businessman and writer
- Hetul Shah, (born 1999), Indian chess player
- Jawahar Shah (born 1955), Indian homeopath
- Jigar Shah (born 1974), Indian Business Tycoon
- Kiran Shah (born 1956), Kenyan-born actor and stuntman
- Kunal Shah, (born 1978), Philanthropist and businessman based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat
- Pooja Shah (born 1979), British Asian actress
- Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (born 1913), lyrical poet who writes in Gujarati
- Rajiv Shah (born 1973), administrator of the United States Agency for International Development
- Ravindu Shah (born 1972), Kenyan cricketer
- Ray Shah (born 1978), contestant on the fourth series of the British Big Brother
- Roger Shah, German electronic music producer
- Safia Shah, Author
- Saira Shah, English author, reporter and documentary filmmaker
- Sanjay Shah, former Kenyan, best known for staging an immigration protest
- Satish Beri-Shah, prominent Indian film and television actor
- Shakespear, John. A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English, Nepali and Hindustani. 3rd ed., much enl. London: Printed for the author by J.L. Cox and Son: Sold by Parbury, Allen, & Co., 1834, p.1035
- Kumar, R. (2006). Costumes and textiles of royal india. ISBN 1851495096
- "Shah Name Meaning and History". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2010-12-28.
- Akota Bronzes,Umakant P.Shah, 1959, p. 52-53
- Kasturchand Jain Suman, Bharatiya Digambar Jain Abhilekh aur Tirth Parichay, Madhya-Pradesh: 13 vi shati tak, Delhi, 2001
- Gopachal ke Jinamandir Archived October 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Indian Sculpture: 700-1800, Volume 2 of Indian Sculpture: A Catalogue of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art Collection, Pratapaditya Pal, University of California Press, 1988, p. 306
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