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Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine

Coordinates: 35°35′08″N 51°26′07″E / 35.58556°N 51.43528°E / 35.58556; 51.43528
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Shah Abdolazim (Abdol-Azim) Shrine
شاه عبدالعظیم
AffiliationShia Islam
ProvinceTehran Province
LocationRey, Iran
MunicipalityRay County
Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine is located in Iran
Shah Abdol-Azim Shrine
Shown within Iran
Geographic coordinates35°35′08″N 51°26′07″E / 35.58556°N 51.43528°E / 35.58556; 51.43528
Completed9th century

The Shāh Abdol-Azīm Shrine (Persian: شاه عبدالعظیم), also known as Shabdolazim,[1][2][3] located in Rey, Iran, contains the tomb of ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm ibn ‘Abdillāh al-Hasanī[4] (aka Shah Abdol Azim). Shah Abdol Azim was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan ibn ‘Alī[4] and a companion of Muhammad al-Taqī.[4] He was entombed here after his death in the 9th century.

Adjacent to the shrine, within the complex, include the mausolea of Imamzadeh Tahir (son of the fourth Shia Imam Sajjad) and Imamzadeh Hamzeh (brother of the eighth Twelver Imām - Imām Reza).



Abdol Azim migrated to Rayy out of persecution[4] and subsequently died there. A piece of paper was found in his pocket outlining his ancestry as being: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm son of ‘Abdillāh son of ‘Alī son of Hasan son of Zayd son of Hasan ibn ‘Alī.[4] Shah Abdol Azim was sent to Rayy (modern-day Tehran) by Imam Reza.

History and design

Courtyard and iwan portal

Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī (d. 978 CE) "includes the shrine in his Kāmil al-Ziyārāt, one of the earliest pilgrimage guides for the Shiʿa, which suggests that the tomb of ʿAbd al-Aẓīm was already of some importance by the tenth century."[5][6] The tomb of Abdol-Azim had also come under the patronage of Sunni rulers at times, a notable example being the mausoleum constructed over Abdol-Azim's tomb in the 1090s CE by orders of the Seljuk vizier Majd al-Mulk Asʿad b. Muḥammad b. Mūsā.[7][8][9][10]

Inside Shrine

This door has an inscription in Tulth calligraphy.

Notable burials


See also



  1. ^ Abdol Azim Hasani iribnews.ir
  2. ^ Shrine of Shah Abdol-Azim aparat.com
  3. ^ Shah Abd al-Azim mashreghnews.ir
  4. ^ a b c d e al-Qummi, Ja'far ibn Qūlawayh (2008). "107". Kāmil al-Ziyārāt. trans. Sayyid Mohsen al-Husaini al-Mīlāni. Shiabooks.ca Press. p. 658.
  5. ^ Ibn Qūlawayh al-Qummī, Kāmil al-Ziyārāt (Beirut, 1418/1997), pp. 536–537
  6. ^ https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/17407/1/SI_108_01_1-15.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ ʿAbd al-Jalīl b. Abū al-Ḥasan al-Qazwīnī (fl. 1189), Kitāb al-Naqḍ (Tehran, 1371/1952), p. 220
  8. ^ W. Barthold, An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), p. 127
  9. ^ Sheila Blair, The Monumental Inscriptions from Early Islamic Iran and Tran-soxania (Leiden, 1992), p. 185
  10. ^ Leisten, Architektur für Tote, pp. 240–241.
  11. ^ Gritten, David (23 May 2024). "Iran buries late president at shrine in home city of Mashhad". BBC News. Retrieved 23 May 2024.

Further reading

  • Kondo, Nobuaki (2018). "State and Shrine in Iran: Waqf Administration of the Shah ͑ Abd al-͑ Azim Shrine under the Qajars". In Miura, Toru (ed.). Comparative Study of the Waqf from the East: Dynamism of Norm and Practice in Religious and Familial Donations. Tokyo. pp. 1–25.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  • Kondo, Nobuaki The Shah ʿAbd al-ʿAzim Shrine and its Vaqf under the Safavids.[1]