Shah Abdul Aziz

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Shah Abdul Aziz
Born 25 Ramadan, 1159 AH (11 October 1746)
Delhi, Mughal Empire, -Mughal India
Died 7 Shawwal, 1239 AH (5 June 1824) - (aged 78)
Delhi, Mughal Empire, -Mughal India
Era Medieval era
School Sunni Hanafi[1]
Main interests
Anti-Shi'ism, Fiqh, tafsir
Notable ideas
Tauhfa Ithna Ashari

Al Muhaddith Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlavi ( 11 October 1746- 5 June 1824) (Arabic: المُحَدَّث شَاہ عَبْدُ الْعَزِیز دِھْلَوِیْ‎) was one of the Islamic scholar scholars of Hadith in India who is considered as Mujadid of 18th century.[1] He was initiator of Naqshbandi Silsila of Sufism and first one to declare Hindustan to be Darul Harb.[2][page needed][3][page needed]


Shah Abdul Aziz was born on 25 Ramadan, 1159 AH (11 October 1746 AD) in Delhi in the reign of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah (1719-1748). Delhi was capital of the Mughal Empire. Shah Abdul Aziz was the eldest son of Shah Waliullah was only 17 years old when Shah Waliullah died. He took over as the teacher of Hadith in place of his father, and later became famous as the Muhaddith of Delhi.[citation needed]. He belonged to hanafi school of thought. He was a Muhaddith, mufassir and Mujtahid.



Shah Abdul Aziz translated the Qur'an into Urdu, 50 years of the Persian translation by Shah Wali 'Allah, when the Urdu language had started to replace the Persian. He completed the exegesis of his father from Surat Al-Maida to the thirteenth verse of al-Hujurat. He wrote and dictated several books,[4] even if some differ on the number (from fifty to nearly two hundred):[5]


read all books by clicking the reference number

His Students[edit]


Shah Abdul Aziz died on the morning of 7th Shawwal, 1239 Hijri/ 5 June 1824 in Delhi in the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar Shah II.

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