Shah Mehmood Qureshi

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Shah Mehmood Qureshi
MNA
Former Minister for Foreign Affairs Shah Mehmood Qureshi and Nancy Birdsall (cropped).jpg
Foreign Minister of Pakistan
In office
31 March 2008 – 9 February 2011
President Pervez Musharraf
Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded by Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri
Succeeded by Hina Rabbani Khar
Minister of Finance of Punjab
In office
1990–1993
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Mian Muhammad Azhar
Chaudhry Altaf Hussain
Minister of Planning and Development of Punjab
In office
1988–1990
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Governor General Tikka Khan
Personal details
Born (1956-06-22) 22 June 1956 (age 60)[1][2]
Murree, Punjab, Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf flag.PNG Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2011–present)
Other political
affiliations
Flag of IJI.svg Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1990)
Flag of PPP.png Pakistan Peoples Party (1990–2011)
Parents Sajjad Hussain Qureshi (father)
Alma mater Aitchison College
Forman Christian College
University of Cambridge
University of the Punjab

Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Hussain Qureshi (Urdu: شاه محمود قریشی‎; born 22 June 1956) is a Pakistani politician and agriculturalist who currently serves as the Vice Chairman and parliamentary leader of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). A leader of the PTI, Qureshi born in Murree to a political and religious family, and was educated at the Aitchison College, and Forman Christian College, later attending the University of the Punjab and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Prior to entering politics, he worked as an accountant in various private and public sector organizations.

Qureshi began his political career as the Member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab in 1985 and had been a member of the provincial cabinet, in various positions, since 1988. He served as the Minister of Planning and Development in the provincial cabinet of Punjab from 1988 to 1990 and as the Minister of Finance in provincial cabinet of Punjab from 1990 to 1993. He served as the Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs from 1993 to 1996. He also served as the Mayor of Multan from 2000 to 2002. From 2008 to 2011, he served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan in the federal cabinet during the Gillani ministry. In 2011, he joined PTI and was made its Vice Chairman and parliamentary leader.

Qureshi has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since 2002, representing Multan. Between 1985 and 1993, he was the member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab.

Personal life and education[edit]

Qureshi was born on June 22, 1956 in Murree, Punjab to a wealth, landholding, religious, politically active and prominent Sufi Muslim family.[1] His family claims to be of saintly lineage and caretaker of the Multan's main shrines[3] which provides the family with substantial income[2] as well votes during the elections.[3] However in 2014, he rejected the claims saying "I have never used religion for political gain. I have never dragged devotees of sufi saints in political matters, and those who vote for me do it of their free will." after his brother accused Qureshi was using the names of sufi saints for political gains and Qureshi using donations for the PTI.[4]

Qureshi claims the Sufi spiritual titles of Makdhoom and Pir however which is controversial in Multan's Sufi community and many other Sufi leaders of the city including Gillani reject the claims of Qureshi's spiritual authority. This dispute is believed to led Qureshi to join PML-N in 1985, as Gillani associated with the PPP.[2]

Qureshi is fluent in Urdu, English, Punjabi, and Seraiki.[2]

Qureshi's father Makhdoom Sajjad Hussain Qureshi was former member of Senate of Pakistan[5] and 15th Governor of the Punjab from 1985 to 1988[1] and was close friend of then President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq who appointed him as governor of Punjab.[5]

Qureshi received his early education from Aitchison College, Lahore,[6] a bachelor's from Forman Christian College and received MA (Law) and MA (History) degree[5] from Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.[1] He also holds a B.A. degree from University of the Punjab.[2]

Qureshi is married with one son and two daughters.[1] Qureshi is an agriculturalist and was is the president of the Farmers Association of Pakistan.[1]

Political career[edit]

Qureshi was elected for the first time to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from Multan in Pakistani general election, 1985 which were held on a non-party basis during the military government of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.[5] He joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) in 1986.[6] [5][1][6]

Qureshi later joined the faction of PML led by Nawaz Sharif, which would later became PML (N). When PML split in 1988 after the death of Zia-ul-Haq[6] and was re-elected for the second time to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from Multan in Pakistani general election, 1988 and served as the Minister of Planning and Development in the provincial cabinet of Punjab of then Chief Minister of Punjab Nawaz Sharif from November 1988 to August 1990.[5][1][6][2]

Qureshi was re-elected for the third time to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from Multan in Pakistani general election, 1990 and served as the Minister of Finance in Chief Minister Manzoor Wattoo's provincial cabinet of Punjab from 1990 to June 1993.[5][6]

Reportedly, Nawaz Sharif refused to give Qureshi a National Assembly ticket in Pakistani general election, 1993.[2]

Qureshi later left PML-N to join Pakistan Peoples Party and was elected for the first time to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in Pakistani general election, 1993. He was appointed as Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs under then Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto ministry. In November, 1996, he was appointed as the spokesman of PPP.[1][6][2]

Qureshi was defeated in the Pakistani general election, 1997[2] by Makhdoom Javed Hashmi of PML-N.[6] He was offered a position in the Council of Economic Advisers to then President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf, which he refused.[1]

Qureshi served as the District Nazim (mayor) of Multan from 2000 to 2002.[6] During his mayor period, he well administrated the Multan district and oversaw a number of development projects.[2]

He was re-elected for the second time to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in Pakistani general election, 2002 on PPP seat and defeated Makhdoom Javed Hashmi.[6] Reportedly, he used his influence as a mayor of Multan to win the 2002 elections.[2]

In 2006, Benazir Bhutto appointed Qureshi as the President of Pakistan Peoples Party Punjab[1][6] to revive the popularity of PPP in southern Punjab given his good experience.[7] Reportedly, Qureshi slapped an officer for beating a party activist of PPP in 2006.[1]

He was re-elected for the third time to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in Pakistani general election, 2008.[6]

Minister of Foreign Affairs (2008 – 2011)[edit]

Hilliary Clinton with Shah Mehmood Qureshi, the foreign minister of Pakistan.
Hilliary Clinton with then Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Qureshi

Reportedly, Qureshi was a potential candidate for the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the coalition government headed by the PPP. However,[2] Qureshi was instead given the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani.[6][8]

After taking charge of the office, Qureshi immediately made clear that he was committed to establishing peace in the region and that maintaining friendly ties with neighbouring India were amongst his top priorities.[9] Qureshi went on his first visit as foreign minister to China in October 2008 with then Defence Minister of Pakistan Ahmad Mukhtar and then President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari.[10]

In 2011, Qureshi faced criticism in Pakistan when it was discovered that his son, Zain H. Qureshi, was working as a Legislative Fellow in the office of Senator John Kerry[11]

In February 2011, the Government of Pakistan reduced the number of cabinet seats[12] and during the transition, Qureshi was offered the position of Minister of Water and Power. He declined, saying that he was "not interested in water and power ministry in place of foreign affairs."[13]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and Pakistani Foreign Minister Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi listen during the U.S. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue meeting.

In February 2011, he lost the portfolio of Foreign Minister following the Raymond Davis affair.[14][6]

In November 2011, Qureshi resigned from the PPP where he had been for the past 20 years. He also quit his National Assembly membership[6] saying that "I had joined the PPP under Benazir Bhutto’s leadership, and PPP was no longer a party of Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto; it is now Zardari league. He said he did not want to be a part of Zardari league and announced to resign from the party membership."[15][16]

Qureshi is one of three prominent politicians from Multan District, the other two being the Yousaf Raza Gillani and Javed Hashmi (Multan II) and are considered political rivals to each other.[17]

Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf (2011 - )[edit]

It was reported that Qureshi would re-join PML-N.[17] However, in late November 2011, Qureshi announced joining the Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) at a rally in Ghotki.[6][18][19][20][21]

He was appointed as the first Vice Chairman of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf[22][23] as its parliamentary leader in National Assemby of Pakistan.[24] In 2016 intra-party elections, Qureshi was re-appointed as the Vice Chairman of PTI, which is considered one of the three senior most positions in the party.[25]

He was re-elected for the first time to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in Pakistani general election, 2013 on the ticket of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Romero, Frances (29 December 2008). "Shah Mahmood Qureshi". Time. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2008 WikiLeaks cable: Tariq Aziz advises Zardari against Shah Mahmood's PM candidacy". Dawn. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Buchen, Huma Imtiaz and Charlotte (6 January 2011). "The Islam That Hard-Liners Hate". At War Blog. New York Times. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Thick blood: Shah Mehmood Qureshi rubbishes brother's challenge - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Qureshi's departure: dent in PPP unrealistic". Daily Times. 15 November 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Profile: Shah Mehmood Qureshi, from PML, to PPP to PTI - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 27 November 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Qureshi to revive PPP popularity in south Punjab". Daily Times. 12 November 2006. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Parties finally clinch deal on key ministries". DAWN.COM. 29 March 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Qureshi for friendly ties with India". Hidustan Times. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  10. ^ Oster, Shai; Beijing, Jason Leow in; Delhi, Matthew Rosenberg in New (15 October 2008). "Seeking Funds, Pakistan Turns to 'Strong' Ally China". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Pakistani press spins conspiracy theory about Kerry intern". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Pakistan to make decision on smaller cabinet today". 4 February 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "'Qureshi was offered water & power ministry'". Dawn. Dawn. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Qureshi wants to know why he was sacked as FM". The Indian Express. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Qureshi quits PPP, NA memberships - GEO.tv". Geo. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Shah Mehmood Qureshi resigns from PPP, National Assembly - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Punjab politics: Qureshi asks supporting MPAs to form forward bloc - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Testing the waters: PTI to bring thousands to Qureshi's Ghotki rally Sunday - The Express Tribune". 2011-11-25. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  19. ^ "From PPP to PTI: Qureshi's 'final' destination? - The Express Tribune". 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  20. ^ "Shah Mahmood Qureshi joins PTI - The Express Tribune". 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  21. ^ "Shah Mehmood Qureshi to join PTI ranks on Nov 27 - The Express Tribune". 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  22. ^ "Qureshi named PTI vice-chairman: Imran 'declares assets', backs Nawaz's SC move". DAWN.COM. 4 December 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "Qureshi wins NA-150". The Nation. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "Sharif 'lied to parliament', alleges PTI". DAWN.COM. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "Qureshi, Tareen get top PTI posts, again". DAWN.COM. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Inam-ul-Haq
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Hina Rabbani Khar