Shah Mehmood Qureshi
|Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Hussain Qureshi
(Urdu: مخدوم شاہ محمود قریشی)
|Foreign Minister of Pakistan|
31 March 2008 – 9 February 2011
Asif Ali Zardari
|Prime Minister||Yousaf Raza Gillani|
|Preceded by||Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri|
|Succeeded by||Hina Rabbani Khar|
|Vice-Chairman of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf|
27 November 2011 – 23 May 2015
|Preceded by||Office Established|
|Minister of Planning and Development of Punjab|
|Prime Minister||Benazir Bhutto|
|Governor||Mian Muhammad Azhar|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
11 May 2013
|Prime Minister||Nawaz Sharif|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
March 2008 – November 2011
|President||Asif Ali Zardari|
|Prime Minister||Yousaf Raza Gillani|
|Succeeded by||Hina Rabbani Khar|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
March 2002 – December 2007
|Prime Minister||Zafarullah Khan Jamali
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain
Muhammad Mian Soomro
22 June 1956 |
|Political party||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2011–present)|
| Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1990)
Pakistan Peoples Party (1990–2011)
|Parents||Sajjad Hussain Qureshi|
|Alma mater||Aitchison College, Forman Christian College University
University of Cambridge
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)|
Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Hussain Qureshi (Urdu: شاه محمود قریشی; born 22 June 1956) is a Pakistani politician, agriculturist and a parliamentarian who is currently serving as the Vice-chairman and deputy parliamentary leader of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Prior to that, he was the Foreign Minister of Pakistan and high-ranking member of the central executive committee of the Pakistan Peoples Party until being deposed by the central committee and the foreign ministry, on an issue involving the Raymond Davis affair, 9 February 2011. It worth mentioning that Zardari after reshuffling of the cabinet of PM Gillani never offered Qureshi to become FM instead he was offered to accept the post of Minister of Water and Power but Qureshi insisted to continue as FM. Qureshi was elected a member of national assembly from NA-150 (Multan-III) and was the runner up from NA-228 (Mirpur Khas-III) and NA-148 (Multan-I) on 11 May 2013 on the ticket of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Qureshi is also the current Sajjada Nashin and custodian of the Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam and of the Shrine (Darbar) of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya.
After earning a master's degree in law from the Cambridge University, his political career started in 1983 when he contested for the seat of Member District Council Multan, Qureshi was defeated by Makhdoom Mukhtar Hashmi the younger brother of Makhdoom Javed Hashmi for the seat of Member District Council Multan. Later in 1985 he became member of Punjab assembly, between 1988 and 1993 he remained a member of Pakistan Muslim League and served as the provincial minister overseeing the portfolios of planning and development and finance. Joining Benazir Bhutto led PPP in 1993 and served as the state minister for parliamentary affairs till 1996. Between 1999 and 2007 Qureshi presided of the Punjab chapter of PPP. In 2008, He was appointed foreign minister by the PPP led collective leadership alliance containing the MQM, ANP and JUI-F formed after the 2008 general elections. However, in February 2011, Qureshi fell out with the central committee that led to his ouster by Prime minister Yousaf Raza Gillani, and by November 2011, Qureshi joined Imran Khan's populist Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. An agriculturalist by trade, Qureshi is also the president of the Farmers Association of Pakistan.
Qureshi hails from a prominent Sufi Muslim and political family from Multan. He is married and has 3 children.He is the eldest son of Makhdoom Sajjad Hussain Qureshi. Sajjad Qureshi was a Sajjada Nashin for Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam and the Darbar of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya. Although it is widely argued that the ancestors of Shah Mehmod Qureshi did not belong to the noble lineage of the Sufi Saint Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya and the current bloodline was introduced to the world by the British. The actual descendants of Sufi Saint Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya were exiled from the city by Sikhs Dynasty led by Maharaja Ranjit Singh during the wars fought by the Sikhs in early 19th Century and loyal servants of the family were made custodian of the family houses and belongings as few of the family members remained in Multan who were never able to make to rest of the family. Later before the breakage of the mutiny against the British in 1857 a youngster namely Shah Mehmod the great grandfather of Shah Mehmod Qureshi who was then one of the chief family servants was the only male available to the Mureedains (followers) and rest of world as the sole spokesman of the Qureshi family, he was also a de factό trustee of the Qureshi family and was given the chair of the Qureshi family as he was considered to be a nominee of the Qureshi family in Multan.
Shah Mehmod was the one responsible for the ruthless murdering of the Muslim Freedom Fighters during the war of independence by the hands of British. Shah Mehmod which was later named as Shah Mehmod Qureshi in 1857 became British agent and traitor for the Muslims who leaked all the strategic information regarding the attack on Multan Garrison planned by the Muslims against the British. The act of traitor was widely appreciated and recognised by the British which resulted in to receiving of heavy rewards by Brtish which included massive lands, heavy stipend, hereditary titles and above all Shah Mehmod changed his name to Shah Mehmod Qureshi and got a declaration as the noble descendants and Sajjada Nashin for Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam and the Darbar of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya. The actual descendants of Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya have not been able to take what belonged to them as the family of Shah Mehmod Qureshi has been part of every government since 1857 to date. The elder Qureshi was also a prominent politician of the Pakistan People's Party under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the 1970s. Following the removal and hanging of Bhutto, Sajjad Hussain supported the presidency of General Zia-ul-Haq and served as the Governor of Punjab from December 1985 to December 1988 under Zia.
Qureshi received his early education from Aitchison College, Lahore. He received a bachelor's degree in History from Forman Christian College. Qureshi also received a master's degree in Law and Politics from Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
In 1983 Qureshi started his political career after returning from the UK. He contested for the seat of Member District Council Multan for which he faced defeat from Makhdoom Mukhtar Hashmi youngest of the brothers of Makhdoom Javed Hashmi.
Qureshi was later elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from Multan in 1985, which were held on a non-party basis. He joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) under the leadership of Muhammad Khan Junejo in 1986.
He joined the faction of PML led by Nawaz Sharif, which later became PML (N), when PML split in 1988 after the death of Zia-ul-Haq. He was re-elected to the Punjab Assembly from Multan in 1988. He served as the Minister of Planning and Development in the cabinet of Chief Minister Nawaz Sharif from November 1988 to August 1990.
Qureshi served as the Minister of Finance in Chief Minister Nawaz Sharif's cabinet from 1990–1993. Qureshi parted ways with Nawaz Sharif in 1993 and joined the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) in 1993 under the leadership of Benazir Bhutto. He was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Multan in the general elections of 1993, and served as the Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs under Prime Minister Bhutto. Qureshi was defeated in the 1997 general election by Makhdoom Javed Hashmi.
Qureshi served as the District Nazim of Multan from 2000 to 2002. He won subsequent elections to the National Assembly from Multan in 2002 and 2008 as a member of the PPP. Benazir Bhutto made Qureshi the President of PPP in Punjab in 2006.
Following the general election of 2008, Qureshi was a potential candidate for the Prime Minister of Pakistan in the coalition government headed by the PPP. However, given his political history prior to joining the 8, Qureshi was instead given the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. He lost the portfolio of Foreign Minister in February 2011, following the Raymond Davis affair. Qureshi opposed the PPP's pact with PML-Q, since he believed PML-Q to be indirectly involved in the killing of Benazir Bhutto.
Qureshi resigned from the PPP, as well as his National Assembly membership, in November 2011. He has been in contact with both Pakistan Muslim League (N) and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf to join one of these parties. In a TV talk show Imran Khan confirmed that Shah Mahmood Qureshi would join the PTI rally on 27 November 2011 at Ghotki.
Minister of Foreign Affairs (2008–2011)
After taking charge of the office, Qureshi immediately made clear that he was committed to establishing peace in the region and that maintaining friendly ties with neighbouring India were amongst his top priorities. Qureshi went on his first visit as foreign minister to China in October 2008 with Ahmad Mukhtar and President Asif Ali Zardari. On his arrival back, he was given praise for his work. Qureshi has visited many countries as Foreign Minister and has been very busy explaining Pakistan's stance on the war on terror to the foreign world.
In February 2011, the Government of Pakistan reduced the number of cabinet seats. During this transition, Shah Mahmood Qureshi was offered the position of Minister of Water and Power. He declined, saying that he was "not interested in water and power ministry in place of foreign affairs."
Joining Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf
Following the Raymond Allen Davis incident where US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agent was released without charge for murdering two men in Lahore, Shah Mahmood Qureshi was appointed to another ministry because of his stand on Raymond Davis case and due to which he subsequently resigned as Federal Minister of Pakistan. On 27 November 2011 Qureshi announced his joining of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf in a rally in Ghotki, Sindh. He was appointed Vice-Chairman of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf and member of the political strategy committee. He stated that the cause behind joining PTI was to bring about a revolution in Pakistan. He is currently serving as National Organizer of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.
- "Qureshi to revive PPP popularity in south Punjab". Daily Times. 12 November 2006. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam "Multan City Online"
- Mausoleum of Shah Bahauddin Zakaria "Multan City Online"
- Amir Wasim, "Parties finally clinch deal on key ministries" Dawn Newspaper, 29 March 2008
- Imran Khan "Who is Imran Khan"
- New York Times: "The Islam That Hard-Liners Hate" By Huma Imtiaz and Charlotte Buchen 6 January 2011
- "Qureshi has bigger stature than Imran in S Punjab, Sindh". The Nation. 15 November 2011.
- "Qureshi's departure: dent in PPP unrealistic". Daily Times. 15 November 2011.
- Romero, Frances (29 December 2008). "Two-Minute Bio Shah Mahmood Qureshi:". Time.
- "2008 WikiLeaks cable: Tariq Aziz advises Zardari against Shah Mahmood’s PM candidacy". Dawn. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Pakistan wants Aafia freed if US demands release of Davis: Babar". Daily Times. Daily Times. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
- Qureshi for friendly ties with India Hindustan Times, 2 April 2008
- Seeking Funds, Pakistan Turns to 'Strong' Ally China by Shai Oster and Jason Leow, Wall Street Journal, 15 October 2008
- "Pakistani press spins conspiracy theory about Kerry intern". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Pakistan to make decision on smaller cabinet today". 4 February 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "'Qureshi was offered water & power ministry'". Dawn. Dawn. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shah Mehmood Qureshi.|
- Profile of Shah Mahmood Qureshi at Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Two-Minute Bio: Shah Mahmood Qureshi in Time Magazine
- Profile of Shah Mahmood Qureshi
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
Hina Rabbani Khar