Shah Paran

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Shah Paran
শাহ পরান
Shahporan.jpg
Entrance Area of Shah Poran Shrine
Personal
Born
Konya, Sultanate of Rum, (now in Turkey) or Hadhramaut, Yemen (disputed)
Died
ReligionIslam
DenominationSufism
Muslim leader
Based inSylhet
Period in office13th century to early 14th century
PredecessorShah Jalal
PostScholar and Sufi mystic

Shah Paran (Arabic: شاه فرحان‎, romanizedShāh Farḥān, Bengali: শাহ পরান, romanizedShah Poran, Sylheti: ꠡꠣꠢ ꠙꠞꠣꠘ) was an Islamic saint[1][2][3] and Sufi of the Jalalia section of the Suhrawardiyya order. He was the nephew of Shah Jalal and was born in Hadramaut, Yemen, and accompanied his maternal uncle, Shah Jalal, with whom he arrived in India in 1303 AD. He is associated with the spread of Islam in the region what is now Bangladesh.[2][3] He took part in the Conquest of Sylhet. After the conquest, he established a khanqah at Khadim Nagar in Dakshingarh Pargana, about 7 km away from Sylhet town. He played a significant role in propagating Islam and establishing Muslim rule in the Sylhet region.[2]

Shrine of Hazrat Shah Paran Sylhet Bangladesh 38.JPG

History[edit]

It is unclear how and when he died, but he is buried near his khanqah. For centuries, large numbers of devotees have visited his tomb, a practice which continues to the present time.[4] On the 4th, 5th and 6th day of Rabi-ul-Awal, the Urs of Shah Paran takes place.[5]

A road bridge over the Surma River,[6] a passenger ferry[7] and a residence hall at Shahjalal University of Science and Technology[8] have all been named after Shah Paran.

Spiritual genealogy[9][edit]

Spiritual genealogy of Sheikh Farhan is as follows:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kānunago, Sunīti Bhūshaṇa (1988). A History of Chittagong. Dipankar Qanungo. p. 476. OCLC 20170473.
  2. ^ a b c "Tomb of Hazrat Shah Paran (RA) - Offroad Bangladesh". Offroad Bangladesh. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Administrator. "Hazrat Shah Paran". Londoni. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  4. ^ McAdam, Marika (2004). Bangladesh. Lonely Planet. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-74059-280-2.
  5. ^ "Urs at Shah Paran's shrine begins today". New Age. 13 March 2008. Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  6. ^ "Hazrat Shah Paran bridge to be opened in February". The New Nation. United News of Bangladesh. 25 December 2005. p. 2. The Hazrat Shah Paran bridge, which is being constructed across the river Surma
  7. ^ "Ferry with Eid passengers sinks". BBC News. 23 October 2006. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  8. ^ "JCD calls strike at Sust today". The Daily Star. 4 December 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  9. ^ Systems, Cognitive (8 April 2012). "The seven golden chains of Shaykh Muhammad Siraj ad-Din Naqshbandi (d.1915)". Ghaffari. Retrieved 9 July 2017.