|This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (August 2009)|
Entrance Area of Shah Poran (R) Mazar
|Born||Konya, Sultanate of Rum (now in Turkey)|
|Died||Sylhet, Bengal (now in Bangladesh)|
|Period in office||Late 13th century to early 14th century|
|Post||Sufi scholar and mystic|
Hazrat Shah Paran (Bengali: শাহপরান, Shah Farhan) was a Sufi saint of the Jalalia section of the Suhrawardiyya order. He was the nephew of Shah Jalal and was born in Hadramaut, Yemen, and accompanied his uncle, Shah Jalal, with whom he arrived in India in 1303 AD. He took part in the expedition of Sylhet which was led by Shah Jalal. After the conquest of Sylhet he established a khanqah at Khadim Nagar in Dakshingarh Pargana, about 7 km away from Sylhet town, where he started Sufi spiritual practices and activities. He played a significant role in propagating Islam and establishing Muslim rule in the Sylhet region. Certain miraculous activities are attributed to Shah Paran:
One incident will be enough to prove that issue,
Once Shah Jalal's nephew,
Called Shah Paran did a terrible thing,
He ate some pigeons when Shah Jalal was on an outing,
When he came to know of this eventually,
He became rather angry.
The dejected Shah Paran,
Was quite upset then,
He collected the feathers of the pigeons being angry,
Throwing a puff of air, tossed them in the air gently,
By Allah's grace, myriad pigeons were born right there,
Which flew in the sky cutting the air.
Early life and education
It is unclear how and when he died, but he is buried near his khanqah. For centuries, large numbers of devotees have visited his tomb, a practice which continues to the present time. On the 4th, 5th and 6th day of Rabi-ul-Awal, the Urs of Hazrat Shah Paran takes place. His grave is located in a high hillock and it is carefully preserved being constructed of brick and surrounded by walls. On the northern side of the grave there is an old tree, the branches and branchlets of which are extended above the entire tomb. The name of the tree is 'Ashagachh' (a tree of hopes); it is claimed that from the leaves of the tree, it appears to be a mixture of the fig, mango and some other tree. People eat the seeds of the figs devotionally in the hope of getting rid of diseases. Mangoes are also eaten with utmost respect as a blessing. Beside the tomb there is an ancient mosque which has been modernised in 1989-91 and can accommodate 1500 worshippers at prayer times.
Adjacent to the main tomb complex of Shah Paran, found in the East of Sylhet, is another tomb visited by worshipers, that of Konya Shah. Legend has it that this follower of the great saints was neither man nor woman. There is a permanent exhibition of the life and times of this saint. Contemporary paintings and pictures featured at the tomb/exhibition depict a person most likely to be a eunuch.
About Spiritual Teacher
There are given below Hazarat Shah Poran(R)'s most higher teachers by followed:
- Hazrat Muhammad (SM)
- Hazrat Ali (R)
- Sheikh Hasan Bosri
- Sheikhi Hobib Azmi
- Sheikh Maruf Korkhi
- Sheikh Singhri Korkhi
- Sheikh Momshad Sikondori
- Sheikh Ahmad Dinnuri
- Sheikh Amubia
- Sheikh Azi Uddin Shohrawardi
- Sheikh Abu Nozib Ziauddin
- Sheikh Hisab Uddin
- Sheikh Makhdum
- Sheikh Bahauddin Zakaria
- Sheikh Jalal Surkh Bokhari
- Sheikh Shayekh Ahmod Kabir Shorawardi
- Hazrat Shah Jalal ।
- Shah Paran
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- Moinuddin Chishti
- Shah Jalal
- Shah Siddiq, one of Shah Jalal's 360 followers and Sufi saint
- Nizamuddin Auliya, his spiritual Friend also gave him two pairs of black pigeons, later named Jalali kobutor
- Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani
- Abdul-Qadir Gilani
- Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi
- Abu-Ishaaq Shaami
- Ahmad al-Tijani
- Ahmad Sirhindi
- Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi
- Daata Ganj Bukhsh Ali Hujwiri
- Ashraf Jahangir Semnani
- Attar of Nishapur
- Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan
- Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari
- Bawa Muhaiyaddeen
- Bu Ali Shah Qalandar
- Fariduddin Ganjshakar
- Ibn Arabi
- Ibrahim Niass
- List of Sufis
- Islam in Bangladesh
- Sylhet Bangladesh
- Kānunago, Sunīti Bhūshaṇa (1988). A History of Chittagong. Dipankar Qanungo. p. 476. OCLC 20170473.
- Ziaul Haque, Md., Hazrat Shah Jalal (R.A): An Epic, p.102, Choitonno Publication, Sylhet, 2015
- McAdam, Marika (2004). Bangladesh. Lonely Planet. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-74059-280-2.
- "Urs at Shah Paran's shrine begins today". New Age. 13 March 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
- "Hazrat Shah Paran bridge across Surma river to be opened for traffic in February". United News of Bangladesh. 24 December 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-07.[dead link]
- "Ferry with Eid passengers sinks". BBC News. 23 October 2006. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
- "JCD calls strike at Sust today". The Daily Star. 4 December 2004. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
- Islam in South Asia in practice,By Barbara Daly Metcalf, Published by Princeton universiti press.