This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (August 2009)
Entrance Area of Shah Poran Shrine
Konya, Sultanate of Rum, (now in Turkey) or Hadhramaut, Yemen (disputed)
|Period in office||13th century to early 14th century|
|Post||Scholar and Sufi mystic|
Shah Paran (Arabic: شاه فرحان, romanized: Shāh Farḥān, Bengali: শাহ পরান, romanized: Shah Poran, Sylheti: ꠡꠣꠢ ꠙꠞꠣꠘ) was an Islamic saint and Sufi of the Jalalia section of the Suhrawardiyya order. He was the nephew of Shah Jalal and was born in Hadramaut, Yemen, and accompanied his maternal uncle, Shah Jalal, with whom he arrived in India in 1303 AD. He is associated with the spread of Islam in the region what is now Bangladesh. He took part in the Conquest of Sylhet. After the conquest, he established a khanqah at Khadim Nagar in Dakshingarh Pargana, about 7 km away from Sylhet town. He played a significant role in propagating Islam and establishing Muslim rule in the Sylhet region.
It is unclear how and when he died, but he is buried near his khanqah. For centuries, large numbers of devotees have visited his tomb, a practice which continues to the present time. On the 4th, 5th and 6th day of Rabi-ul-Awal, the Urs of Shah Paran takes place.
Spiritual genealogy of Sheikh Farhan is as follows:
- Ali ibn Abi Talib
- Hasan Al Basri
- Habib Al Ajami
- Maruf Karkhi
- Sirri As-Saqati
- Sheikh Mamshad Dinnuri
- Sheikh Ahmad Aswad Dinnuri
- Sheikh Abu Muhammad Amwiya
- Sheikh Azi Uddin Shohrawardi
- Sheikh Abu Nazib Ziauddin
- Sheikh Hisab Al-Din
- Sheikh Makhdum
- Bahauddin Zakariya
- Sayyid Jalal Al Din Bukhari
- Shayekh Ahmad Kabir Suhrawardi
- Shah Jalal
- Shah Paran
- Kānunago, Sunīti Bhūshaṇa (1988). A History of Chittagong. Dipankar Qanungo. p. 476. OCLC 20170473.
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- McAdam, Marika (2004). Bangladesh. Lonely Planet. p. 148. ISBN 978-1-74059-280-2.
- "Urs at Shah Paran's shrine begins today". New Age. 13 March 2008. Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
- "Hazrat Shah Paran bridge to be opened in February". The New Nation. United News of Bangladesh. 25 December 2005. p. 2.
The Hazrat Shah Paran bridge, which is being constructed across the river Surma
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