Shahada, Maharashtra

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Distinguish from Shahad town in Thana district in Maharashtra state.
Shahada
Shahade
Town
Shahada Municipality
Shahada Municipality
Shahada is located in Maharashtra
Shahada
Shahada
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 21°32′35″N 74°28′09″E / 21.5429691°N 74.4691462°E / 21.5429691; 74.4691462
india  India
State Maharashtra
District Nandurbar
Area[1]
 • Total 2.04 km2 (0.79 sq mi)
Elevation 138 m (453 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 61,376
 • Density 267/km2 (690/sq mi)
Marathi,Gurjar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 425409
Telephone code 91-02565
Vehicle registration MH
Sex ratio 954 /
Literacy 86.62% [2]

Shahādā is a town Nandurbar district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a Municipal council.[1]

History[edit]

Prakasha village, which is around 15 km south-west of Shahada, is the second most important excavation site in Maharashtra. In 1955 B K Thapar on behalf of Archaeological Survey of India excavated site near confluence of Tapi River and Gomai River. Excavation exposed 17 meter deep occupational deposit – hammer stones, restricted use of copper, low grade bronze dating back to 1700 BC.[3] Around 6 km north of Shahada there are several centuries old sculptures complex in Gomai River. The main sculpture is popularly known as Mahavir sculpture and the entire sculptures complex is popularly known as Pandavleni or 'Panch Pandav'.[4] This evidence suggest that Shahada and area on the banks of Gomai River has been inhabited at least since 1700 BC. Shahada-Kukdel municipality was established in the British period, in the year 1869. Shahada and bhada are the two locations of this area situated on the river bank Gomai.These names observed in local gurjar language meaning saadha bhada means simple.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Shahada City (2011)[5]

  Hinduism (55%)
  Islam (45%)
  Jainism (2.18%)
  Buddhism (0.78%)
  Christianity (0.56%)
  Sikhism (0.07%)
  Other Religions (0.003%)
  Atheist (0.07%)

As of 2011 India census,[6] Shahada had a population of 61,376, being 52% male and 48% female. Shahada has an average literacy rate of 86.62%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 90.67%, and female literacy is 82.40%. In Shahada, 12.95% of the population is under 6 years of age. Languages/dialects spoken in Shahada town and Nandurbar districts are Marathi, Ahirani, Gujar, Hindi. As per 1961 the census population of Shahada was 13338.[7]

Geography and climate[edit]

Shahada is on average 455 feet above sea level. As the Satpura Mountain Range just 30 km north of Shahada, the bedrock is on an average 5 metres below the ground level. Due to natural or human-made underground caves, the ground at Savalde village, 5 km away from Shahada, caved in during heavy rain during August 2006 and caused an earthquake of magnitude 2.8 on Richter Scale on 10 November 2006.[8] As seismograph stations are installed away from traffic to avoid false-positive results from ground vibrations, Shahada's seismograph station of the Sardar Sarovar Project is installed in the same village.[9]

The soil above the bedrock is good for farming except in some areas. Average rainfall is 552 mm = 21.7 inches.[10] The climate is hot for most of the year. Maximum temperature reaches up to 48 °C in summer and minimum temperature fall up to 9 °C in the winter. The climate of Shahada is on the whole dry except during the south-west monsoon season and winter months December to February. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February. Hot and dry season from March to June. The south-west monsoon season starts from the last week of June and last up to the end of September.

Transport[edit]

Shahada on Maharashtra State Highway 1
  • Road: One can reach Shahada through Dhule (84 km away), which is well connected with the DhuleNandurbar road. From Dhule, one can reach Shahada by going straight on the Mumbai-Agra highway NH-3 (National Highway) to Songir (Dhule) and at Songir turn left and you will be on MSH-1 (Maharashtra State Highway). The distance from Mumbai is approximately 424 km.
  • Railways: The nearest railway stations are Dondaicha (c. 28.6 km away) and Nandurbar (c. 35.6 km away). These stations are on Bhusawal-Surat Railway line. This line is used by people for going to or coming from Gujarat

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Nandurbar" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. p. 22. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Shahade City Population Census 2011 - Maharashtra". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  3. ^ "Excavation Sites in Maharashtra – Archaeological Survey of India". asi.nic.in. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived 11 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Shahade City Population Census 2011 – Maharashtra". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  7. ^ "The Gazetteers Department – Dhulia". maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  8. ^ [2] Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Seismic shock: Worn-off instrument on job in Sardar Sarovar Dam area". indianexpress.com. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  10. ^ [3] Archived 10 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.