Map of Azerbaijan showing Shabuz Rayon
|• Executive power||Quliyev N.|
|• Total||836.58 km2 (323.01 sq mi)|
|• Density||26/km2 (67/sq mi)|
|Time zone||AZT (UTC+4)|
|Telephone code||(+994) 36|
Shahbuz (Azerbaijani: Şahbuz; also known as Dereshahbuz and Shakhbuz) is a rayon of Azerbaijan in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Shahbuz district was established in August 8, 1930. In the north and east, it is bordered by the Republic of Armenia. The area of the district is 836.58 square kilometres (323.01 sq mi). There are 1 city, 1 settlement and 22 villages within the district. The district capital is Şahbuz.
Covering 27 villages and plateaus of the Oyuqlucaqaya, Bazaryurd, Dərəbash, Qachdash, Nərkechi and Armudlu, the region of Dərəşahbuz was established in the 16th century and functioned up to 40th years of the 19th century. In 1925, it was named Narimanov District in the administrative-territorial unit of Nakhchivan (encompassing 30 villages). Since 1930, "Shahbuz" name has been restored. In 1963, the district was abolished and given to the Nakhchivan (since 1978, Babak) region. Since 1965, it has been an independent district. In 2007, the settlement of Shahbuz was given city status. In 2013, by decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic, Qarababa village was dissolved and added into the administrative territory of the city of Shahbuz. The population of the city is up to 5000.
Shahbuz district is located in the north of NAR. It is a mountainous area. Salvarti (3162 m), Uchgardash (3156 m), and Kechaldagh (3115 m) are the highest points. Like the rest of the republic, many underground waters flow here, such as badamli, batabat, caravansarai, bichanak and other mineral waters. There are sulfur, construction materials, peat deposits. The district has the river Nakhchivanchay River and its tributaries - Kuku, Shahbuz, Salvarti - and Ganligol and Batabat Lakes. The mountains are heavily forested. "Badamli" resort was built near the Badamli mineral water plant.
Etymology and history
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There are different versions of the etymology of the name of Shahbuz. At the historical sources, first time the name of "Shahbuz" can be found on the map which shows treasury of copper coins of the state of Eldiguzids and in the historical work of Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi "Zafarnama", historian of Amir Timur. However, the facts show that Shahbuz territory is more ancient settlement. About the meaning of the name, there are different views at the folk etymology and research of the researchers as G. Geybullayev, M. Tahmasib, T. Hajiyev. The more appropriate to the truth is the conclusion of M. Tahmasib. The part "shah" of the word of "Shahbuz" is being processed as meaning of "high". The Scientist coordinates the second component of the word (bus // buz) of "Shahbuz" with the name of the tribe and it is presented as one of the Medes tribes. Turkic ethnic groups "Buzs" immortalized their names at some toponyms including at the name of Shahbuz. So it is likely that the first syllable of the word, the "shah" combined with the tribe name of "bus//buz", means "high places owned by the buzes". Also according to the researchers, the root of the word is associated with the ancient Turkic tribe "Bozuq". Here, the word of "shah" is described in meaning of big (big tribe). The toponyms with origin of "Boz" or "buz" are spread in other parts of the country - the villages of the "Yuxarı Buzqov" and "Aşağı Buzqov" in the Babek District, the settlement of the "Buzovna" in the Baku, the village of "Bozalqanlı" in the Tovuz District, the village of "Bozavand" in Agsu District, the village of Bozakhlar in Barda District and etc...
Historical crime against Nakhchivan
After the signing of the Treaty of Kars, in spite of the announcement of Nakhchivan region the Soviet Socialist Republic, the Armenia tried to refuse from the this article of the Treaty of Kars with certain excuses and began to make territorial claims against Nakhchivan. With the decisions of the Transcaucasian Central Executive Committee in 1929-1931, part of the territory of Nakhchivan ASSR has illegally been given to Armenia. Thus, Qurdqulaq (Gurdgulag), Xaçik (Khachik), Horadiz (Horadis) villages of the Sharur District, Ağbinə (Aghbina), Ağxaç (Aghkhaj), Almalı (Almaly), İtqıran (Itkyran), Sultanbəy (Sultanbek) villages of the Shahbuz District, Mehri (Meghri), Buğakər (Bughakar), Aldərə (Aldara), Lehvaz, Astazur, Nüvədi (Nyuvadi) settlements which includes to the Qərcıvan (Gorchivan) administrative unit of Ordubad District, a part of the Kilit village, altogether, 657 square kilometers area were given to Armenia. In 1930, moreover, the Mehri district was established on the basis of separated land. In subsequent years, a number of areas also annexed to Armenia. In the 1990s, the Armenian armed forces have occupied the village of Karki. Thus, about 15 per cent of the determined territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic by the Treaty of Kars, has illegally been occupied by Armenia in 20-90-es of the last century.
- Mammad Araz (14 October, 1933, Nursu, Shahbuz District – 1 December 2004, Baku, Azerbaijan), People's poet of Azerbaijan.
- Tagi Ahmedov, (born 1 February 1948, Güney Qışlaq, Shahbuz District) Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party in Yasamal District and former chief of Baku Subway.
- Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. District of Shahbuz
- "Naxçıvan Ensiklopediyası" - 2 cilddə, II cild, Naxçıvan, 2005. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9
- AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI PREZİDENTİNİN SƏRƏNCAMI
- Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikasının Şahbuz rayonunun inzibati ərazi bölgüsündə qismən dəyişikliklər edilməsi haqqında Azərbaycan Respublikasının Qanunu
- Woods, John E. (April 1987). "The Rise of Tīmūrid Historiography". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 46 (2): 86, 99–101.
- Adil Bagirov: Nakhchivan: Toponyms about Nakhchivan in "Kitab-i Dede Qorqud". Baku: ANAS. 2013. p. 369.
- Yenidən qurulan rayon mərkəzi: Şahbuz
- Sahiba Budaqova: Political history of the Nakhchivan. Baku: Science and Education. 2014. p. 108.
- ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume I. Baku: ANAS. p. 212. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9.
- Tağı Əhmədov: "Kim nə istəyir, yazsın"