Shahdad

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"Khabis" redirects here. For the village in Fars Province, see Khabis, Fars.
For the administrative subdivision, see Shahdad District. For the villages in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, see Shahdad-e Kahir and Shahdad-e Shiru.
Shahdad
شهداد
city
Haj Mohammad Taghi Ab Anbar
Haj Mohammad Taghi Ab Anbar
Shahdad is located in Iran
Shahdad
Shahdad
Coordinates: 30°25′03″N 57°42′24″E / 30.41750°N 57.70667°E / 30.41750; 57.70667Coordinates: 30°25′03″N 57°42′24″E / 30.41750°N 57.70667°E / 30.41750; 57.70667
Country  Iran
Province Kerman
County Kerman
Bakhsh Shahdad
Population (2006)
 • Total 4,097
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Shahdad (Persian: شهداد‎‎, also Romanized as Shahdād; formerly, Khabīs)[1] is a city in and the capital of Shahdad District, in Kerman County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 4,097, in 1,010 families.[2]

District[edit]

Shahdad is the centre of Shahdad district which includes smaller cities and villages such as Sirch, Anduhjerd, Chehar Farsakh, Go-diz, Keshit, Ibrahim Abad, Joshan and Dehseif.

The driving distance from Kerman city to Shahdad is 95 km. The local climate is hot and dry. The main agricultural produce is date fruits.

There are many castles and caravanserais at Shahdad and around. Examples are the Shafee Abaad castle and the Godeez castle.

Sharain of Imam Zadeh Zeyd, south of town, is the most respected religious site of Shahdad.

Climate[edit]

Shahdad has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). The town is located at the edge of the Lut desert, which is one of the worlds hottest places. The Summers are long and extremely hot, while the winter are short and mild.


Climate data for Shahdad 400m (2003–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
22.4
(72.3)
29.2
(84.6)
34.5
(94.1)
40.1
(104.2)
44.4
(111.9)
46.1
(115)
44.1
(111.4)
40.2
(104.4)
34.7
(94.5)
25.7
(78.3)
18.8
(65.8)
33.1
(91.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
17.1
(62.8)
23.4
(74.1)
28.9
(84)
34.5
(94.1)
38.6
(101.5)
40.1
(104.2)
38.1
(100.6)
33.9
(93)
28.9
(84)
20.6
(69.1)
14.0
(57.2)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F) 7.7
(45.9)
11.9
(53.4)
17.6
(63.7)
23.3
(73.9)
29.0
(84.2)
32.7
(90.9)
34.1
(93.4)
32.0
(89.6)
27.6
(81.7)
23.2
(73.8)
15.4
(59.7)
9.3
(48.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.3
(0.366)
8.3
(0.327)
7.9
(0.311)
0.5
(0.02)
0.6
(0.024)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
3.9
(0.154)
30.7
(1.209)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.4 1.9 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.0 7.2
Average relative humidity (%) 38 29 22 20 15 12 11 12 13 16 25 33 20
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.6 203.3 241.2 250.1 297.1 329.0 348.6 343.1 313.3 297.2 248.3 221.0 3,296.8
Source: Iran Meteorological Organization (temperatures),[3] (precipitation),[4] (humidity),[5] (days with precipitation),[6]

(sunshine)[7]

Archaeology[edit]

Ancient bronze flag found at Shahdad, c. 2400 BC

Shahdad was a major Bronze Age centre discovered in 1968. Around 1970, Ali Hakemi of Archaeological Institute of Iran investigated the site. He conducted excavations for seven seasons.

"By the early third millennium B.C., Shahdad began to grow quickly as international trade with Mesopotamia expanded. Tomb excavations revealed spectacular artifacts amid stone blocks once painted in vibrant colors. These include several extraordinary, nearly life-size clay statues placed with the dead. The city's artisans worked lapis lazuli, silver, lead, turquoise, and other materials imported from as far away as eastern Afghanistan, as well as shells from the distant Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean. Evidence shows that ancient Shahdad had a large metalworking industry by this time."[8]

Shahdad shares many parallels with Shahr-i-Sokhta. Many other ancient settlements are found in what is now empty desert. According to Iranian archaeologist Hassan Fazeli Nashli, some 900 Bronze Age sites have been documented in the Sistan Basin between Afghanistan and Pakistan.

North of town, a Jiroft Civilization village is said to have existed around 6,000 BC. The legendary Aratta of the Sumerian sources may have been located in this area.

The oldest metal flag in human history was found in this city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shahdad can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3083959" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Monthly Total Precipitation in Shahdad by Month 2003–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Average relative humidity in Shahdad by Month 2003–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ "No. Of days with precipitation equal to or greater than 1 mm in Shahdad by Month 2003–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Monthly total sunshine hours in Shahdad by Month 2003–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ Andrew Lawler, The World in Between Volume 64 Number 6, November/December 2011 archaeology.org

External links[edit]