Shaheen is a supercomputer owned and operated by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). It consists primarily of a 36-cabinet Cray XC40 supercomputer. Built in partnership with Cray, Shaheen is intended to enable KAUST Faculty and Partners to research both large and small-scale projects, from inception to realization.
Shaheen, named after the Peregrine Falcon, is the largest and most powerful supercomputer in the Middle East with a processing power of 5.54 petaflops with 196,608 cores. The first generation of Shaheen (2009-2015) was an IBM Blue Gene/P, originally built at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York, and moved to KAUST in mid-2009. The second generation of Shaheen, project name "Shaheen II", was brought into service in the summer of 2015.
The second generation of Shaheen has the following specifications: 
- Cray XC40 supercomputer with DataWarp technology
- Cray Sonexion 2000 storage system
- Cray Tiered Adaptive Storage (TAS) system
- Cray Urika-GD graph analytics appliance.
- 5.536 Petaflops of sustained LINPACK performance
- 7.2 Petaflops of theoretical peak performance
- 790 TB of total memory
- 197,568 processor cores (Haswell)
The first generation of Shaheen included the following functional elements:
- 16 racks of Blue Gene/P, having a peak performance of 222 Teraflops
- 164 IBM IBM System x 3550 Xeon nodes, having a peak performance of 12 Teraflops
Shaheen I's performance and computing capabilities included:
- 65,536 independent processing cores.
- 10 Gbit/s access to world's academic and research networks.
The file system and tape drive were mounted across both the Blue Gene system and the Linux cluster. All elements of the system were connected together on a common network backbone that is accessible from all campus buildings. The systems were also be accessible from the Internet.
The Shaheen system at KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory (KSL) is available to help KAUST users and projects, to provide training and advice, to develop and deploy applications, to provide consultation on best practices and to provide collaboration support as needed.
KAUST Faculty will have access to:
- General support for Shaheen facility use, including usage scheduling of Shaheen and peripheral systems
- High-performance computing support for "Grand Challenges" by collaboration with the Center to deliver fundamental breakthroughs in specific areas of research
- Collaboration to provide high-performance computing applications, middleware, library, algorithm support and enablement services
- Applications Enablement where users can task the CDCR to develop, enable, port and scale key applications
- High-performance Computing Program Best Practice Management techniques
- Participation with KAUST researchers in external projects
- Training on high-performance computing systems management, programming, applications tuning and algorithms
KAUST, using the Shaheen systems, will focus on four specific research thrusts:
- Resources, energy, and environment
- Biosciences and bioengineering
- Materials science and engineering
- Applied mathematics and computational science
Although KAUST doesn't support any kind of discrimination against any students or faculty based on religion, sex, or national origin, IBM and Cray have to comply with US Export regulations governing exporting high-end computing technology. As per the regulations a restriction had to be made to deny nationals of Syria, Iran, Sudan, Cuba, and North Korea from access to the supercomputer.
The Shaheen system at KAUST is made possible through a joint collaboration between the Cray and KAUST. In addition to IBM and Cray, KSL has partnered with the following partner research institutions and organizations:
- The Oxford Center for Collaborative Applied Mathematics (OCCAM) at Oxford University
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
- Imperial College, London
- Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
- Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
- Institut Français du Pétrole
- National University of Singapore
- American University in Cairo
- Technische Universität München
- GE Global Research
- King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology
- King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
- Saudi Aramco
- Wipro Arabia
- Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
- Shaheen's performance, from IBM's official website
- KAUST Conditions of Usage from KSL's website