Shahi Eid Gah Mosque

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Shahi Eid Gah Mosque
شاہی عید گاہ مسجد
Eidgah mosque.jpg
The Shahi Eid Gah Mosque dates from the late Mughal period.
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMosque
Location
LocationMultan, Punjab Pakistan Pakistan
Shahi Eid Gah Mosque is located in Pakistan
Shahi Eid Gah Mosque
Location in Pakistan
Geographic coordinates30°12′39″N 71°28′44″E / 30.2107936°N 71.4789388°E / 30.2107936; 71.4789388Coordinates: 30°12′39″N 71°28′44″E / 30.2107936°N 71.4789388°E / 30.2107936; 71.4789388
Architecture
TypeMosque
StyleIndo-Islamic/Mughal
Completed1735
Dome(s)7

The Shahi Eid Gah Mosque (Punjabi and Urdu: شاہی عید گاہ مسجد ) is an early 18th-century mosque located in the Pakistani city of Multan, in southern Punjab.

Location[edit]

Located on the main Multan-Lahore highway in the Northeast of the oldest part of the city. The mosque is adjacent to the 20th century Sufi shrine of Ahmad Saeed Kazmi.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

The mosque was built in 1735 CE during the reign of Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.[1] The mosque was funded by Nawab Abdul Samad Khan, who was the Mughal governor of Multan.[2]

Sikh[edit]

Following the fall of Multan to Sikh forces, the mosque was converted into a garrison and was used for gunpowder storage.[3] In 1848, the mosque served as site where Sikh rebels, supported by a group of 2,000 soldiers that surrounded the mosque,[4] murdered two British emissaries.[5][6] The event lead to the Siege of Multan and eventual defeat of the Sikh Empire. In subsequent fighting during the Siege of Multan, a British cannon struck the roof of the mosque, causing 40,000 pounds of gunpowder to explode, destroying a portion of the mosque.[7]

British[edit]

The mosque was used as a court during the early British period in Multan.[3] It was restored and returned to its original purpose in 1891 at the insistence of Deputy Commissioner H.C. Cookson.[3]

Modern[edit]

After the independence of Pakistan, the courtyard was expanded to accommodate more worshippers.[2]

Architecture[edit]

The mosque is spacious, with a vast courtyard and a prayer chamber measuring 250 feet by 54 feet,[2] and features seven domes.[2]

The mosque's exterior is embellished with glazed blue Multan-style tiles,[2] while the interior is ornamented with intricate mosaics.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quarterly Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, Volume 47. Pakistan Historical Society. 1999.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gupta, Om (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. ISBN 9788182053922. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Chaudhry, Nazir Ahmad (2002). Multan Glimpses: With an Account of Siege and Surrender. Sang-e-Meel Publications. ISBN 9789693513516.
  4. ^ The Indian Magazine and Review, Volume 26. National Indian Association in Aid of Social Progress and Education in India. 1895.
  5. ^ Latif, Syad Muhammad (1891). History of the Panjáb from the Remotest Antiquity to the Present Time. Calcutta Central Press Company.
  6. ^ Hakim, Adi (2008). With Cyclists Around the World. Roli Books Private Limited. ISBN 9789351940975.
  7. ^ Yousaf, Mohammad (1971). A Brief History of Multan. Ferozsons.