Shahid Azmi

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Shahid Azmi
Shahid Azmi.jpg
Shahid Azmi
Born Shahid Azmi
Bombay, India
Died 11 February 2010 (age 32)
Nationality Indian
Occupation Lawyer
Human rights activists

Shahid Azmi (1977 – 11 February 2010) was a noted Indian lawyer and human rights activist, most known for defending those accused in cases of terrorism, including some of accused in the 2008 Mumbai attacks, such as Faheem Ansari, who was later acquitted for lack of evidence.[1][2] At age 14, he was arrested during the 1992 Bombay Riots. He was arrested again under TADA, serving seven years in Delhi's Tihar Jail, on charges of plotting against the state, though he was acquitted later.[3] He started studies while in jail, and went on to become criminal defence lawyer in Mumbai in 2003, defending cases for those accused of terrorism. Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA) was later repealed. He was shot dead by four assailants in his office in Kurla, Mumbai on 11 February 2010 at the age of 32.[4][5]

He was the nephew of Abu Asim Azmi, a Samajwadi Party politician and Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) from Govandi, Mumbai.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Azmi was born and brought up in Deonar suburb of Mumbai, in a Muslim family with origins in Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh. He was third amongst five brothers.[6] One of his brothers, Khalid Azmi, is also an advocate in Mumbai.[7] Shahid Azmi was married to Maryam of an affluent Assamese descendant whom he later divorced.

At age 14, Azmi was arrested by Govandi police, for violence during the 1992 Mumbai communal riots which hit the city, a few days after the demolition of Babri Masjid on 6 December 1992 at Ayodhya. Subsequently, he crossed over into Pakistan-administered Kashmir, where he spent a brief period at a militant training camp, but soon returned. As he said to The Times of India in an interview, "I had seen policemen killing people from my community. I have witnessed cold-blooded murders. This enraged me and I joined the resistance."[8] In December 1994, he was arrested under the TADA (now repealed), for an alleged conspiracy to assassinate some politicians and Shiv Sena leader, Bal Thackeray, and given a five-year jail sentence, however in the same year, the Supreme Court acquitted him. In all, he spent seven years at Tihar Jail, Delhi.[1][9][10]

It was during his stay at Tihar Jail, that he started his college education, first graduation followed by a postgraduate course in creative writing; once he was acquitted of the charges, he went to study for a law degree (LLM) in Mumbai.[8][9][11]


After receiving his degree, he worked with lawyer Majeed Memon for some months,[10] before starting his career as an independent lawyer in 2003. Soon started picking up cases of Muslims charged under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA). Many of the cases were fought pro bono in consultation with NGOs, like Jamat-e-Ulema-e-Hind.[9] His first major success as a defence lawyer came in the 2002 Ghatkopar bus bombing case, when Arif Paanwala, who was arrested under Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) and was named the prime accused, was acquitted along with eight others, due to lack of evidence, by the court; this eventually led to the law being repealed.[12]

Azmi then had represented the accused in the 7/11 Mumbai local train blasts, the 2006 Aurangabad arms haul, the 2006 Malegaon blasts case.[4][9] Though the High Court had rejected his application challenging the use of the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA) in these alleged terrorism cases and asked for stay, in February 2008, the Supreme Court of India stayed the three trials.[12] In July 2008, Azmi filed a petition in the High Court alleging that the accused in the 7/11 Mumbai blasts, then lodged in the Arthur Road Jail, were being tortured. Responding to the petition, the court ordered an inquiry in the case, and the allegations were found to be true.[12] In his brief career of seven years, he secured 17 acquittals in court.[1]

It was while he was defending Faheem Ansari in the 26/11 attacks case that he was killed. Ansari was acquitted of all the charges by the Supreme Court of India due to lack of evidence on 19 August 2012.[10]


He was killed on 11 February 2010 in his office at Taxi Men colony in Kurla, when four gunmen entered his office and shot two bullets, point blank and fled. Though he was taken to Rajawadi Hospital in Ghatkopar, he was soon declared dead.[4][13][14]

Murder case[edit]

In February 2010, member of the Bharat Nepali gang, Devendra Babu Jagtap alias JD, Pintoo Deoram Dagale, Vinod Yashwant Vichare and Hasmukh Solanki, were arrested by the police under MCOCA.[7] The police however did not conduct any forensic of the murder weapons and claimed that the murder was "solved" by the arrest of the accused.[13]

Couple of months later, in June 2010, Inder Singh, who was Azmi's peon at the time and the lone eyewitness of the assassination, lodged a complaint alleging receiving a threatening call, which was later traced to Gujarat.[15] On 20 January 2011, MCOCA court dropped the MCOCA charges levelled against the accused in the police chargesheet as it found no evidence suggesting "pecuniary gains were made in the crime, a mandatory aspect for MCOCA charges."[16]

Then in April 2011, while the accused were in a sessions court at Kala Ghoda, for a hearing the police caught a man named Munna reportedly of Navlekar gang, with a weapon and live cartridges in the court premises, who had come allegedly to free the accused.[7]

On 23 July 2012, the Bombay High Court granted bail to one of the accused, Vinod Vichare, against a personal bond of Rs 50,000 stating he was not "shown to be present" during the assassination. Vichare had already spent two years in jail, ever since he was held for the possession of one of the four revolvers given to Bharat Nepali.[17]

Accusations on the Intelligence Bureau[edit]

In a 2007 interview with Rediff News Correspondent Sheela Bhatt, Azmi accused the police of staging an encounter at Antop Hill where a Pakistani was killed, because, that area was isolated and "terrorists always hide in places where you find a lot of other people".[18] He further accused the Intelligence Bureau of perpetrating the 2006 Mumbai train bombings, which are otherwise believed to be the work of Lashkar-e-Taiba and Students Islamic Movement of India. When asked as to why Intelligence Bureau would indulge in such acts against national interests, he said it was to stereotype Muslims and lobby for stringent laws[18]

In popular culture[edit]

A biographical Hindi film based on his life titled, Shahid (2013) starring Rajkummar Rao, was directed by Hansal Mehta and produced by Anurag Kashyap. The film had its world premiere at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival's 'City to City' programme in September 2013 and is released on 18 October 2013 in India.[9][19] The film has a scene in which Mr Azmi's face is blackened by assailants outside the court room. This, admittedly was, just a re-enactment of an incident in the director's own life as against that of Azmi.[3] Furthermore, several petitions filed by Azmi were combined into a single case for dramatic effect in the film.[3] Gujarat Files, a 2016 book by Rana Ayyub is dedicated to Shahid Azmi along with advocate and activist Mukul Sinha.


  1. ^ a b c "Film remembers Indian lawyer Shahid Azmi as symbol of hope". BBC News. 28 September 2012. a murdered Indian human rights lawyer.. 
  2. ^ "Ansari acquitted for lack of evidence". IBN 7. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Film remembers Indian lawyer Shahid Azmi as symbol of hope". BBC. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "26/11 accused Fahim Ansari's lawyer Shahid Azmi shot dead". The Times of India. 11 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Ajit Sahi (27 February 2010). "A Grain in My Empty Bowl: A crusader for justice is silenced. Actually not ..". Tehelka Magazine, Vol 7, Issue 08. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Shivam Vij (10 February 2011). "Remembering Shahid Azmi, the Shaheed: Mahtab Alam". Kafila. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "Man on mission to free Shahid Azmi killer from court arrested". DNA. 9 April 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Lawyer who 'piqued' Salian was once pursued by law". The Times of India. 15 August 2004. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "The 'unlikely' lawyer as an unlikely hero". Indian Express. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. A movie based on the lawyer and human rights activist.. 
  10. ^ a b c "The lawyer who courted death". Mint. 13 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "Shahid Azmi never tried to hide his past as Tada detainee". DNA. 12 February 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c "Shahid Azmi: Short career, long-lasting impact". DNA. 13 February 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Rana Ayyub (2 March 2010). "A murder riddled with holes: The irony is that slain lawyer Shahid Azmi came to fame exposing police lapses". Tehelka. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  14. ^ Shahid Azmi dead NDTV.
  15. ^ "Witness in Shahid Azmi murder case gets threat". The Times of India. 11 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "Azmi murder: Court drops MCOCA charges against four". Indian Express. 22 January 2011. 
  17. ^ "Accused in Shahid Azmi murder case gets bail". DNA. 23 July 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "Introspect why the educated Muslim is taking to violence". 
  19. ^ Shahid at the Internet Movie Database

External links[edit]