Shahr-e Kord

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Shahr-e Kord
شهركرد
Ancient names: Dezh Gord, Deh Kord
City
شهرکرد.png
Nickname(s): The city of kindness, Bam e Iran (Roof of Iran)
Shahr-e Kord is located in Iran
Shahr-e Kord
Shahr-e Kord
Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) in Iran
Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444Coordinates: 32°19′32″N 50°51′52″E / 32.32556°N 50.86444°E / 32.32556; 50.86444
Country Iran
ProvinceChaharmahal and Bakhtiari
CountyShahrekord
BakhshCentral
Elevation2,070 m (6,790 ft)
Population (2016 Census)
 • Urban190,441 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Shahr-e Kord (Persian: شهركرد‎, also Romanized as Shahrekord and Shahr Kord[2]) is the capital city of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran. It is the largest city in the province, and is 90 km away from Iran's third largest city, Isfahan. At the time of the 2006 census, Shahrekord had a population of about 148,464 and the Shahrekord metropolitan area had a population of 380,312.[3]
Shahr-e Kord is known for its natural environment, cold winters, waterfalls and rivers.[citation needed] Shahr-e Kord is Iran’s highest capital city at 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level. This led the city to be known as “Roof of Iran”. Shahr-e Kord is at a distance of 521 km (324 mi) southwest from Tehran.

Its weather is cold in winter and mild in summer. The town has a ski resort (Bardeh) located about 35 km (22 mi) away and several natural lagoons and small lakes for outdoor activities.

Etymology[edit]

Shahr-e Kord, at face value, seems to mean "City of the Kurds", but the etymology is actually unrelated to the Kurdish people, who do not settle in the region. In antiquity, the place had been called "Dezh Gord" (دژگرد), where dezh (دژ) means "fortress" and gord (گرد) means "hero". After the Muslim conquest of Persia, the name changed to "Deh Kord" (Persian: دهكرد‎); dezh was reinterpreted as deh (ده) meaning "village" and gord became kord because the Arabic alphabet lacks the letter "g" (گ).[4] Other examples of cities whose names changed partly due to the influence of the Arabic language are Chamgordan, Boroujerd and Dezful, which were called Chamgord, Borougord and Dezhpol, respectively, before the Islamic conquest. In 1935, the name was finally changed to its present form with deh being replaced with shahr (شهر) meaning "city", which better reflects the size of Shahr-e Kord.

History[edit]

Coins have been found in Shahr-e Kord dating back to the Sassanian and Parthian era.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Currently, people living in Shahr-e Kord are of three major backgrounds: Bakhtiari, Qashqai and indigenous Persian speakers of Shahr-e Kord; however, the people of Shahr-e Kord speak Persian as a lingua franca. Shahr-e Kord is assumed to be first developed by nomadic farmers because it encompasses vast meadows and several springs. Deh Kord was gradually founded by the immigrants from Isfahan, its suburbs, and the villages around Shahr-e Kord, most of whom started to run businesses such as agriculture, horticulture, hat making, felt making, oil and wool trading, and other industries.

Geography[edit]

Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) is located about 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Isfahan and 512 km (318 mi) of Tehran. It is topographically situated in the north of the Zagros Mountains. Being located 2,070 m (6,790 ft) above the sea level, Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) is the most elevated among the centers of the provinces of Iran, known as the Roof of Iran.

City view From Park Mellat, Shar-e Kord

Climate[edit]

Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) enjoys a cold semi-arid climate (BSk, according to the Köppen climate classification) with hot summer days, mild summer nights, cool winter days and cold winter nights. The annual average temperature in Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) is about 11 °C but the minimum and maximum absolute temperatures recorded in Shahr-e Kord (Zagros) during the last 30 years have been -32 °C and 42 °C,[citation needed] respectively. January is the coldest month and July is the hottest month. Although the humidity level is moderate or high in winter, the amount of rainfall is close to zero in planting seasons, except for April and May.

Climate data for Shahr-e Kord (Zagros)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
13.0
(55.4)
18.5
(65.3)
24.9
(76.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.3
(93.7)
33.6
(92.5)
30.0
(86)
23.1
(73.6)
15.3
(59.5)
8.5
(47.3)
20.4
(68.7)
Average low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.1
(39.4)
7.6
(45.7)
10.6
(51.1)
14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.9
(2.398)
50.3
(1.98)
56.9
(2.24)
42.8
(1.685)
14.6
(0.575)
0.7
(0.028)
1.8
(0.071)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
8.7
(0.343)
32.8
(1.291)
59.9
(2.358)
329.9
(12.989)
Average precipitation days 8.5 7.4 8.5 7.3 4.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.0 2.6 5.3 7.2 52.7
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

Business and industry[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Bus Service[edit]

The Shahr-e Kord Bus Organization has 150 buses in its fleet which operate different routes throughout the city.

Airport[edit]

Shahrekord Airport is a domestic airport located to the south of the city. It currently has flights to and from two cities: Tehran and Mashhad.

Education[edit]

Azad University of Shar-e Kord with 7,400 students
Shahr-e Kord University with 5,713 students

There are three universities in the city of Shar-e Kord, Public and state university is Shahr-e Kord University(SKU) with 5,713 students. The other universities are Shahr-e Kord University of Medical Sciences (SKUMS) with 1,690 students and Islamic Azad University of Shahr-e Kord Branch (IAUSHK) with 7,400 students that is the one of most popular universities in Iran with talented faculty members and students.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Shahr-e Kord can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3084174" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
  5. ^ http://www.sh-shahrekord.ir/user/Index.jsp?SID=39&lang=Fap
  6. ^ Edmonton
  7. ^ http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13900612000453

External links[edit]